Last modified on 1 July 2014, at 11:24

esamība

See also: esamībā

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

A word coined at the beginning of the 19th century, apparently from a (non-existing) present passive participle *esams (compare Lithuanian ẽsamas (being), Latvian esošs) +‎ -ība. J. Endzelīns considered the word wrong; in 1935, he proposed (unsuccesfully) esme and ira as replacements. A new, and still in use, synonym esība was coined in 1963.[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

NounEdit

esamība f (4th declension)

  1. (philosophy) being, existence (the objectively existing world, independent from consciousness)
    esamības daudzveidība — the diversity of being, existence
    domāšanas attieksmes pret esamību — the position, relation of thinking to being
    apziņa ir esamības atspoguļojums — consciousness is the reflection of being, existence
  2. existence (the fact of existing)
    Ieva atvēra acis un priekā iekliedzās: “saule! saule!”; te šinī brīdī viņa izjuta absoluta skaistuma esamību — Ieva opened (her) eyes and screamed with joy: “the sun! the sun!”; here in this moment she felt the existence of absolute beauty
    cilvēki jau sen pazīst vielas, kas ietekmē centrālās nervu sistēmas darbību un emocionālo sfēru; šādu vielu esamība norādīja uz iespējamo ceļu, kā regulēt cilvēka psihisko procesu norisi — people have long known substances that influence the working of the central nervous system and the emotional sphere; the existence of such substances pointed to a possible way of regulating the occurrence of mental processes
    patiesībā laiks, tāpat kā telpa, ir vienīgi matērijas esamības forma, kas nepastāv ārpus matērijas un izmainās līdz ar matērijas maiņām — in fact, time, like space, is only a form of existence of matter, which does not exist outside of matter and changes together with the changes in matter

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “esamība” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7