Last modified on 31 August 2014, at 01:12

gießen

See also: Gießen

GermanEdit

gießen — pouring (1)
Goldgießen — gold pouring (1,4)

Alternative formsEdit

  • giessen (Switzerland, Liechtenstein)

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German giezen, from Old High German giozan, from Proto-Germanic *geutaną (to pour, to found, to smelt). Akin to Dutch gieten, Old Saxon giotan, Old English ġēotan, Old Norse gjóta (whence Danish gyde, Swedish gjuta), Gothic 𐌲𐌹𐌿𐍄𐌰𐌽 (giutan); ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰew-.

Further Indo-European cognates include Latin fundō (to pour, to smelt), Ancient Greek χέω (khéō, to pour) and Sanskrit जुहोति (juhóti, he sacrifices). More at geysa, yote and found.

The sense of pouring metals and glasses is attested since medieval times through the participle gigozzan (poured, smelted, made by casting) from giozan.[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡiːsn̩/, /ˈɡiːsən/
  • (file)

VerbEdit

gießen (class 2 strong, third-person singular simple present gießt, past tense goss, past participle gegossen, past subjunctive gösse, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to pour (of any liquid)
    Bleigießen — lead-pouring
  2. (transitive, horticulture) to water
    eine Pflanze gießen — to water a plant
    Gießkannewatering can
  3. (impersonal, intransitive, of rain) to pour down; to rain strongly
    Es gießt. — It’s pouring.
    Es gießt wie aus Eimern — It’s raining cats and dogs.
  4. (transitive) to cast; to found; to pour (of metal or glass)
    Stahlgießen — steel pouring
    das Gießen von Eisen — the casting of iron

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pfeifer, Wolfgang. 1995, 2005. Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Deutschen. München: dtv. ISBN 3423325119.

External linksEdit