Last modified on 31 May 2014, at 00:56

gluds

LatvianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the same stem as the verb glaust (to smooth, to pet) (q.v.): Proto-Indo-European *glewd-, *glūd, *glud (to press, to smear, to stick). An original Proto-Baltic u-stem *gludus was replaced in Latvian by a parallel o-stem form, from which came gluds, and a parallel yo-stem form, which gave rise to dialectal glužs, from which also the standard Latvian adverb gluži (quite; completely) (q.v.). Cognates include Lithuanian gludùs (smooth, flat; sleek; lovely).[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

AdjectiveEdit

gluds (def. gludais, comp. gludāks, sup. visgludākais; adv. gludi)

  1. smooth (without much friction, without surface irregularities like bumps, holes, etc.)
    gluds ledus, papīrs, dēlissmooth ice, paper, board
    gludi oļismooth pebbles
    gluda grīdasmooth floor
  2. (of water surfaces) smooth (without waves)
    ugunskura dūmi lēni plūst pār gludo upes līmeni — the campfire smoke slowly flows above the smooth river level
  3. (of faces, skin) smooth (without wrinkles, rash; also without hair, beard)
    gluda piere, sejasmooth forehead, face
    gluds zodssmooth chin
  4. (of hair, head) smooth, sleek (neatly, carefully combed, without curls)
    gludi matismooth hair
    gluda galvasmooth head (of hair)
    zirgam gludas krēpes — the horse (has) a smooth mane
  5. (of language) smooth (flowing well, well written, without problems, with the right style)
    Krūmam ļoti patika tādi rakstnieki, kuriem gludi teikumi, visi komati un punkti, kā pienākas — Krūms liked writers who had smooth sentences, (with) all commas and periods, as it should be
  6. (of events, actions) smooth (without problems, difficulties, failures)
    nav jau arī mana dzīve bijusi diezin cik gluda — then again my life hasn't been hardly that smooth

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “gluds” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7