kauns

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *kaunas, from Proto-Indo-European *kau-no-s, from the stem *kaw- (to humiliate), which may be related to *kew- (to bend, to bow). Cognates include Lithuanian kūvė́ties (to feel ashamed), Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌿𐌽𐍃 (hauns, low, depressed), Old High German hōnida (shame, dishonor), German Hohn (mocking), Ancient Greek καυνός (kaunós, bad, ugly).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

kauns m (1st declension)

  1. shame (moral feeling associated with discomfort felt as a consequence of some (offensive) act, action)
    pārņemt kauns — to take, accept the shame
    raudāt aiz kauna — to cry of shame
    nosarkt aiz kauna — to blush from shame
    izjust dziļu kaunu — to feel deep shame
    pārdzīvot lielu kaunu — to experience great shame
    aiz kauna nezināt ko darīt — to not know what to do from shame
    seja deg kaunā — (his) face is burning in shame
    nu pašam man par sevi kauns — I feel ashamed of myself
  2. shame (unpleasant feeling caused by a certain situation, or by (one's or someone else's) inappropriate action, behavior)
    kauns rādīt asaras — ashamed (lit. shame) to shed tears
    kauns lūgt palīdzību — ashamed (lit. shame) to ask for help
    kauns par netīro apģērbu — ashamed (lit. shame) of (one's) dirty clothes
    kā tev nav kauna? — aren't you ashamed (lit. how have you no shame)?
    vai tev nemaz nav kauna, Ines? — have you no shame at all, Ines?
    kauns rādīties (kādam) acīs — ashamed (lit. shame) to show oneself in front of (lit. in the eyes of) someone
    es saprotu, tev kauns, ka man ir bērns no cita; tev ir bail, ka cilvēki varbūt smiesies — I understand, you are ashamed (lit. have shame) that I have a child from another (man); you are afraid that people will maybe laugh
  3. shame, disgrace, dishonor (condition in which one feels or causes shame)
    piedzīvot kaunu — to experience shame
    uzskatīt kaunu — to consider (something) a shame
    izdzīt ar kaunu — to cast (someone) out in shame'
    kauna pilna rīcība — shameful (lit. shame-filled) behavior
    (pa)darīt kaunu (kādam) — to cause (someone) shame
    kauna stabs — pillory (lit. shame post)
    kauna zīme — sign of shame
  4. (usually genitive, used adjectivally) shameful, morally negative
    kauna darbsshameful work, mean act
    kauna lietashameful matter, disgrace
    kauna traips — blemish (lit. shameful spot)
  5. (used as an interjection) what a shame!
    kauns, staltais daugavieti! — what a shame, (my) tall Daugavian!
  6. shame, shyness, timidity
    atmest kaunu — to throw away, to abandon shame
    par to, ko aiz neziņas kādreiz vai kauna projām dzinām, par to, ko aiz pierastības neatzinām — about that which we sometimes drive away because of ignorance or shame, about that which we because of habit do not acknowledge

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

  • (of "shyness"): kautrīgums, kautrība

Derived termsEdit

  • bezkaunīgs, bezkaunīgums, bezkaunība
  • bezkauņa
  • nekaunīgs, nekaunīgums, nekaunība
  • nekauņa
  • kaunīgs, kaunīgums

Related termsEdit

  • kaunēties

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “kauns” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.
Last modified on 20 March 2014, at 23:30