Last modified on 26 November 2014, at 20:35
See also: act., Act., ACT, A.C.T., and A. C. T.

EnglishEdit

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EtymologyEdit

Old French acte, from Latin ācta (register of events), plural of āctum (decree, law), from agō (put in motion).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

act (countable and uncountable, plural acts)

  1. (countable) Something done, a deed.
    an act of goodwill
    • Wordsworth
      That best portion of a good man's life, / His little, nameless, unremembered acts / Of kindness and of love.
  2. (obsolete, uncountable) Actuality.
    • Hooker
      The seeds of plants are not at first in act, but in possibility, what they afterward grow to be.
  3. (countable) A product of a legislative body, a statute.
    • 2012 March 1, William E. Carter, Merri Sue Carter, “The British Longitude Act Reconsidered”, American Scientist, volume 100, number 2, page 87: 
      But was it responsible governance to pass the Longitude Act without other efforts to protect British seamen? Or might it have been subterfuge—a disingenuous attempt to shift attention away from the realities of their life at sea.
  4. The process of doing something.
    He was caught in the act.
  5. (countable) A formal or official record of something done.
  6. (countable) A division of a theatrical performance.
    • 1905, Baroness Emmuska Orczy, chapter 2, The Lisson Grove Mystery[1]:
      “H'm !” he said, “so, so—it is a tragedy in a prologue and three acts. I am going down this afternoon to see the curtain fall for the third time on what [...] will prove a good burlesque ; but it all began dramatically enough. It was last Saturday […] that two boys, playing in the little spinney just outside Wembley Park Station, came across three large parcels done up in American cloth. […]”
    The pivotal moment in the play was in the first scene of the second act.
  7. (countable) A performer or performers in a show.
    Which act did you prefer? The soloist or the band?
  8. (countable) Any organized activity.
    • 1934, Babette Hughes, One egg: a farce in one act, page 46:
      The minute you let it be known you're planning a sales campaign everybody wants to get into the act.
  9. (countable) A display of behaviour.
  10. A thesis maintained in public, in some English universities, by a candidate for a degree, or to show the proficiency of a student.

SynonymsEdit

  • (something done): deed
  • (product of a legislative body): statute
  • (display of behavior): pretense

MeronymsEdit

HolonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

VerbEdit

act (third-person singular simple present acts, present participle acting, simple past and past participle acted)

  1. (intransitive) To do something.
    If you don't act soon, you will be in trouble.
  2. (obsolete, transitive) To do (something); to perform.
    • Jeremy Taylor
      that we act our temporal affairs with a desire no greater than our necessity
    • Barrow
      Industry doth beget by producing good habits, and facility of acting things expedient for us to do.
    • Cowper
      Uplifted hands that at convenient times / Could act extortion and the worst of crimes.
  3. (intransitive) To perform a theatrical role.
    I started acting at the age of eleven in my local theatre.
  4. (intransitive) To behave in a certain way.
    He's acting strangely - I think there's something wrong with him.
  5. (copulative) To convey an appearance of being.
    He acted unconcerned so the others wouldn't worry.
  6. (intransitive, construed with on or upon) To have an effect (on).
    High-pressure oxygen acts on the central nervous system and may cause convulsions or death.
    Gravitational force acts on heavy bodies.
  7. (transitive) To play (a role).
    He's been acting Shakespearean leads since he was twelve.
  8. (transitive) To feign.
    He acted the angry parent, but was secretly amused.
    • Dryden
      With acted fear the villain thus pursued.
  9. (mathematics, intransitive, construed with on or upon, of a group) To map via a homomorphism to a group of automorphisms (of).
    This group acts on the circle, so it can't be left-orderable!
  10. (obsolete, transitive) To move to action; to actuate; to animate.
    • Alexander Pope
      Self-love, the spring of motion, acts the soul.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

AnagramsEdit