Last modified on 6 December 2014, at 15:56

topsy-turvy

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

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EtymologyEdit

Earlier topside-turvey, topsy-tervy; probably for top so turvy; that is, the top as turvy, as it were turvy, where turvy probably means "overturned", from Old English torfian (to throw), from Proto-Germanic *turbōną (to fling, hurl). Related to Old English tearflian (to wallow, roll over), Old English ġetyrfian (to assail with missiles; attack; assault). More at terve.

AdjectiveEdit

topsy-turvy (comparative topsy-turvier, superlative topsy-turviest)

  1. Backwards or upside-down; disorderly; chaotic.

TranslationsEdit

AdverbEdit

topsy-turvy (comparative more topsy-turvy, superlative most topsy-turvy)

  1. Backwards or upside-down; disorderly; chaotically.

TranslationsEdit