Last modified on 23 July 2014, at 00:09

trench

EnglishEdit

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A British trench during World War I.

EtymologyEdit

From Old French trenche.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

trench (plural trenches)

  1. A long, narrow ditch or hole dug in the ground.
  2. (military) A narrow excavation as used in warfare, as a cover for besieging or emplaced forces.
  3. (archaeology) A pit, usually rectangular with smooth walls and floor, excavated during an archaeological investigation.
  4. (informal) A trench coat.
    • 1999, April 24, Xiphias Gladius <ian@schultz.io.com>, "Re: trenchcoat mafia", ne.general.selected, Usenet:
      I was the first person in my high school to wear a trench and fedora constantly, and Ben was one of the first to wear a black trench.
    • 2007, Nina Garcia, The Little Black Book of Style, HarperCollins, as excerpted in Elle, October, page 138:
      A classic trench can work in any kind of weather and goes well with almost anything.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

trench (third-person singular simple present trenches, present participle trenching, simple past and past participle trenched)

  1. (usually followed by upon) To invade, especially with regard to the rights or the exclusive authority of another; to encroach.
    • 1640, Ben Jonson, Underwoods, page 68:
      Shee is the Judge, Thou Executioner, Or if thou needs would'st trench upon her power, Thou mightst have yet enjoy'd thy crueltie, With some more thrift, and more varietie.
    • I. Taylor
      Does it not seem as if for a creature to challenge to itself a boundless attribute, were to trench upon the prerogative of the divine nature?
    • 1949, Charles Austin Beard, American Government and Politics, page 16:
      He could make what laws he pleased, as long as those laws did not trench upon property rights.
    • 2005, Carl von Clausewitz, J. J. Graham, On War, page 261:
      [O]ur ideas, therefore, must trench upon the province of tactics.
  2. (military, infantry) To excavate an elongated pit for protection of soldiers and or equipment, usually perpendicular to the line of sight toward the enemy.
    • Shakespeare
      No more shall trenching war channel her fields.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Alexander Pope to this entry?)
  3. (archaeology) To excavate an elongated and often narrow pit.
  4. To have direction; to aim or tend.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Francis Bacon to this entry?)
  5. To cut; to form or shape by cutting; to make by incision, hewing, etc.
    • Shakespeare
      The wide wound that the boar had trenched / In his soft flank.
    • Shakespeare
      This weak impress of love is as a figure / Trenched in ice, which with an hour's heat / Dissolves to water, and doth lose its form.
  6. To cut furrows or ditches in.
    to trench land for the purpose of draining it
  7. To dig or cultivate very deeply, usually by digging parallel contiguous trenches in succession, filling each from the next.
    to trench a garden for certain crops

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

trench m (plural trenchs)

  1. trench coat

ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English trench (coat).

NounEdit

trench m (invariable)

  1. trench coat