Last modified on 14 September 2014, at 17:19

EnglishEdit

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PronunciationEdit

  • (British Isles, Eastern New England) enPR: ŏn, IPA(key): /ɒn/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ɔn/
  • (NY, Inland North, Minnesota, accents with cot-caught merger) IPA(key): /ɑn/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɒn

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English on, from Old English on, an (on, upon, onto, in, into), from Proto-Germanic *ana (on, at), from Proto-Indo-European *ano-, *nō- (on). Cognate with North Frisian a (on, in), Saterland Frisian an (on, at), West Frisian oan (on, at), Dutch aan (on, at, to), Low German an (on, at), German an (to, at, on), Swedish å (on, at, in), Faroese á (on, onto, in, at), Icelandic á (on, in), Gothic 𐌰𐌽𐌰 (ana), Ancient Greek ἀνά (aná, up, upon), Albanian (in); and from the Old Norse combination upp á: Danish , Swedish , Norwegian , see upon.

AdjectiveEdit

on (not comparable)

  1. In the state of being active, functioning or operating.
  2. Performing according to schedule.
    Are we still on for tonight?
    Is the show still on?
  3. (UK, informal) Acceptable, appropriate.
    right on; bang on; not on
  4. (informal) Destined, normally in the context of a challenge being accepted; involved, doomed.
    "Five bucks says the Cavs win tonight." ―"You're on!"
    Mike just threw coffee onto Paul's lap. It's on now.
  5. (baseball, informal) Having reached a base as a runner and being positioned there, awaiting further action from a subsequent batter.
SynonymsEdit
  • (baseball: positioned at a base): on base (not informal)
TranslationsEdit

AdverbEdit

on (not comparable)

  1. To an operating state.
    turn the television on
  2. Along, forwards (continuing an action).
    drive on, rock on
    • 2012 May 5, Phil McNulty, “Chelsea 2-1 Liverpool”, BBC Sport:
      He met Luis Suarez's cross at the far post, only for Chelsea keeper Petr Cech to show brilliant reflexes to deflect his header on to the bar. Carroll turned away to lead Liverpool's insistent protests that the ball had crossed the line but referee Phil Dowd and assistant referee Andrew Garratt waved play on, with even a succession of replays proving inconclusive.
  3. In continuation, at length.
    and so on.
    He rambled on and on.
  4. (cricket) In, or towards the half of the field on the same side as the batsman's legs; the left side for a right-handed batsman; leg.
  5. (not US) Later.
    Ten years on nothing had changed in the village.
AntonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit

PrepositionEdit

A green pepper on (positioned on the upper surface of) a box

on

  1. Positioned at the upper surface of, touching from above.
    on the table;  on the couch
    • Longfellow
      I stood on the bridge at midnight.
  2. At or near; adjacent to.
    Soon we'll pass a statue on the left.
    The fleet is on the American coast.
    Croton-on-Hudson, Rostov-on-Don, Southend-on-Sea
  3. Covering.
    He wore old shoes on his feet.
  4. At the date of.
    Born on the 4th of July.
  5. Some time during the day of.
    I'll see you on Monday.   The bus leaves on Friday.   Can I see you on a different day? On Sunday I'm busy.
  6. Dealing with the subject of, about, or concerning something.
    A book on history.   The World Summit on the Information Society.
  7. Touching; hanging from.
    The fruit ripened on the trees.   The painting hangs on the wall.
  8. (informal) In the possession of.
    I haven't got any money on me.
  9. Because of, or due to.
    To arrest someone on suspicion of bribery.   To contact someone on a hunch.
  10. Immediately after.
    On Jack's entry, William got up to leave.
  11. Paid for by.
    The drinks are on me tonight, boys.   The meal is on the house.   I paid for the airfare and meals for my family, but the hotel room was on the company.
  12. Used to indicate a means or medium.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 4, The Celebrity:
      Mr. Cooke at once began a tirade against the residents of Asquith for permitting a sandy and generally disgraceful condition of the roads. So roundly did he vituperate the inn management in particular, and with such a loud flow of words, that I trembled lest he should be heard on the veranda.
    I saw it on television.   Can't you see I'm on the phone?
  13. Indicating a means of subsistence.
    They lived on ten dollars a week.   The dog survived three weeks on rainwater.
  14. Away or occupied with (e.g. a scheduled activity).
    He's on his lunch break.   on vacation;  on holiday
  15. Denoting performance or action by contact with the surface, upper part, or outside of anything; hence, by means of; with.
    to play on a violin or piano
    Her words made a lasting impression on my mind.
  16. ​ Regularly taking (a drug).
    You've been on these antidepressants far too long.   He's acting so strangely, I think he must be on something.
  17. (mathematics) Having identical domain and codomain.
    a function on V
  18. (mathematics) Having V^n as domain and V as codomain, for some set V and integer n.
    an operator on V
  19. (mathematics) Generated by.
    the free group on four letters
  20. Supported by (the specified part of itself).
    A table can't stand on two legs.   After resting on his elbows, he stood on his toes, then walked on his heels.
  21. At a given time after the start of something; at.
    • 2011 September 24, Aled Williams, “Chelsea 4-1 Swansea”, BBC Sport:
      The Spain striker had given Chelsea the lead on 29 minutes but was shown a straight red card 10 minutes later for a rash challenge on Mark Gower.
  22. In addition to; besides; indicating multiplication or succession in a series.
    heaps on heaps of food
    mischief on mischief; loss on loss
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
  23. (obsolete) of
    • Shakespeare
      Be not jealous on me.
    • Shakespeare
      Or have we eaten on the insane root / That takes the reason prisoner?
  24. Indicating dependence or reliance; with confidence in.
    I depended on them for assistance.
    He will promise on certain conditions.
    Do you ever bet on horses?
  25. Toward; for; indicating the object of an emotion.
    Have pity or compassion on him.
  26. (obsolete) At the peril of, or for the safety of.
    • Dryden
      Hence, on thy life.
  27. In the service of; connected with; of the number of.
    He is on a newspaper; I am on the committee.
  28. By virtue of; with the pledge of.
    He affirmed or promised on his word, or on his honour.
  29. To the account of; denoting imprecation or invocation, or coming to, falling, or resting upon.
    On us be all the blame.
    A curse on him!
    • Bible, Matthew xxvii. 25
      His blood be on us and on our children.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

VerbEdit

on (third-person singular simple present ons, present participle oning, simple past and past participle oned)

  1. (transitive, Singapore) To switch on.
    Can you on the light?
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse ón, án (without), from Proto-Germanic *ēnu, *ēno, *ino (without), from Proto-Indo-European *anew, *enew (without). Cognate with North Frisian on (without), Middle Dutch an, on (without), Middle Low German āne (without), German ohne (without), Gothic 𐌹𐌽𐌿 (inu, without, except), Ancient Greek ἄνευ (áneu, without).

Alternative formsEdit

PrepositionEdit

on

  1. (UK dialectal, Scotland) Without.
Usage notesEdit
  • Usually followed by a perfect participle, as being, having, etc.

StatisticsEdit

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin unde.

AdverbEdit

on

  1. where

CornishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *ognos, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂egʷnos (lamb).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

on m (plural en)

  1. lamb

Crimean TatarEdit

Cardinal numeralEdit

on

  1. (cardinal) ten

CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *onъ, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eno-

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

on m

  1. he (third person personal singular)

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


DutchEdit

AdverbEdit

on

  1. rarely used as shorthand for oneven (odd), the prefix on- means not (corresponds to English un-)


EstonianEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

on

  1. Third-person singular present form of olema.
    See on seal.
    It is there.
    See on seal olnud.
    It has been there.
  2. Third-person plural present form of olema.

FinnishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [on]
  • Hyphenation: on

VerbEdit

on

  1. Third-person singular indicative present form of olla.
    Se on tuolla.
    It is there.
    Se on ollut tuolla.
    It has been there.

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French hom, reduced form of Old French homme (man) used as a pronoun, from Latin hominem, accusative form of homō (man). Its pronominal use is of Germanic origin. Compare Old English man (one, they, people), reduced form of Old English mann (man, person); German man (one, they, people); Dutch men (one, they, people).

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

on

  1. One, people, you, someone (an unspecified individual: indefinite personal pronoun).
    • 2003, Natasha St. Pier, L'Instant D'Après (album), Quand On Cherche L'Amour (song)
      Quand on cherche l'amour...
      When one searches for love...
    On ne peut pas pêcher ici
    You can't fish here
  2. (informal) We.
    On s'est amusé
    We had fun

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Esperanto: oni

AnagramsEdit

External linksEdit


German Low GermanEdit

ConjunctionEdit

on

  1. (in several dialects, including Low Prussian) Alternative form of un (and)
    (Low Prussian) Melk on Brot
    milk and bread

IdoEdit

PronounEdit

on

  1. Alternative form of onu.

InterlinguaEdit

PronounEdit

on

  1. one (indefinite personal pronoun)

JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

on

  1. rōmaji reading of おん

Middle EnglishEdit

PrepositionEdit

on

  1. in; on

Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Proto-Germanic *ana

PrepositionEdit

on

  1. on, in, at, among

AdverbEdit

on

  1. (with verbs of taking or depriving) from

Old FrenchEdit

PronounEdit

on

  1. one (gender-neutral third-person singular pronoun)

DescendantsEdit

  • French: on

PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *onъ, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eno-

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

on (plural: personal only oni, all other one)

  1. he for animate, it for inanimate

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

PronounEdit

on m

  1. (obsolete) this (demonstrative)

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

  • on” in Polish dictionaries at PWN

RomanschEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Surmiran) onn
  • (Puter) an

EtymologyEdit

From Latin annus.

NounEdit

on m (plural ons)

  1. (Sutsilvan, Vallader) year

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *onъ, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eno-

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

ȏn (Cyrillic spelling о̑н)

  1. he

DeclensionEdit


SlovakEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *onъ, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eno-; inflected forms from Proto-Slavic *jь, from Proto-Indo-European *éy.

PronounEdit

on

  1. he (third-person personal masculine singular pronoun)

DeclensionEdit


SloveneEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *onъ, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eno-

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

òn

  1. he

DeclensionEdit

Forms between parentheses indicate clitic forms; the main forms are used for emphasis.

See alsoEdit


SwedishEdit

NounEdit

on

  1. indefinite plural of o

TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Turkic on (“ten”), from Proto-Turkic.

Cardinal numeralEdit

on (definite accusative onu, plural onlar)

  1. (cardinal) ten

DeclensionEdit


TurkmenEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Turkic on (“ten”), from Proto-Turkic.

Cardinal numeralEdit

on

  1. (cardinal) ten

VenetianEdit

ArticleEdit

on m sg

  1. a, an

Usage notesEdit

  • Variant of un

VolapükEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from French on.

PronounEdit

on

  1. it
  2. (obsolete, indefinite personal pronoun) one

DeclensionEdit


WalloonEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

NumeralEdit

on

  1. one