See also: aes, AES, äes, -aes, a**es, äs, and æs

Old IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Celtic *aiwestom.

NounEdit

áes n (genitive aís, nominative plural áesa)

  1. age, years
    • Zeitschrift für Celtische Philologie, vi 58.15:
      Is áis cét bliadan dam.
      I am a hundred years of age.
  2. stage, period
  3. era (of the world)
  4. lifetime
InflectionEdit
Neuter o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative áesN áesN áesL, áesa
Vocative áesN áesN áesL, áesa
Accusative áesN áesN áesL, áesa
Genitive aísL áes áesN
Dative áesL áesaib áesaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Irish: aois
  • Manx: eash
  • Scottish Gaelic: aois

Etymology 2Edit

Perhaps from etymology 1.[1]

NounEdit

áes m (genitive aíso)

  1. (collective) folk, people
InflectionEdit
Masculine u-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative áes
Vocative áes
Accusative áesN
Genitive aíso
Dative áesL
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Usage notesEdit

Almost always qualified by an adjective, a noun in the genitive case, or a relative clause describing what kind of folk are in question.

Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Irish: aos
  • Scottish Gaelic: aos

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
áes unchanged n-áes
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ J. Vendryes, Lexique étymologique de l'irlandais ancien