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Ancient GreekEdit


From Proto-Indo-European *pleh₁-. Cognates include Latin pleo, Sanskrit पिपर्ति (piparti, to fill) and Avestan 𐬵𐬀𐬨𐬞𐬁𐬟𐬭𐬁𐬌𐬙𐬌 (hampāfrāiti).

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Particularly: “From Proto-Indo-European *pleh₁-, but where does the θ come from?”


  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /plɛ̌ː.tʰɔː/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈple.tʰo/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈpli.θo/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈpli.θo/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈpli.θo/
  • VerbEdit

    πλήθω (plḗthō)

    1. I am or become full, I swell
      1. (transitive, only in later poets)
    2. I go through a period of time (from the filling of the moon)

    Usage notesEdit

    Intransitive counterpart of πίμπλημῐ (pímplēmi).


    Derived termsEdit

    Related termsEdit

    Further readingEdit