Contents

RussianEdit

 
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Борщ со сметаной.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *bъrščь, originally meaning “hogweed”, then “hogweed soup”, later “beet soup”, from Proto-Indo-European *bhṛsti̯o-. Compare Sanskrit भृष्टि(bhṛṣṭi, sharp point, prong, edge), German Borste(bristle), Bürste(brush), English bur, bristle.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

борщ (borščm inan (genitive борща́, nominative plural борщи́, genitive plural борще́й)

  1. borscht, borsht, borshch, borsch (a soup made of beets and cabbage)
  2. (dated) hogweed (Heracleum sphondylium)

DeclensionEdit


UkrainianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *bъrščь, first meaning “hogweed”, then “hogweed soup”, later “beet soup”, from Proto-Indo-European *bhṛsti̯o-. Compare Sanskrit भृष्टि(bhṛṣṭi, sharp point, prong, edge), German Borste(bristle), Bürste(brush), English bur, bristle.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

борщ (borščm inan

  1. Borscht, beet soup.
  2. Hogweed, Heracleum sphondylium.

ReferencesEdit

  • Rudnycʼkyj, Jaroslav B. (1962–1972), “борщ”, in An Etymological Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language (in Ukrainian), volume I, Winnipeg: Ukrainian Free Academy of Sciences