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RussianEdit

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Борщ со сметаной.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *bъrščь, originally meaning “hogweed”, then “hogweed soup”, later “beet soup”, from Proto-Indo-European *bhṛsti̯o-. Compare Sanskrit भृष्टि ‎(bhṛṣṭi, sharp point, prong, edge), German Borste ‎(bristle), Bürste ‎(brush), English bur, bristle.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

борщ ‎(borščm inan ‎(genitive борща́, nominative plural борщи́, genitive plural борще́й)

  1. borscht, borsht, borshch, borsch (a soup made of beets and cabbage)
  2. (dated) hogweed (Heracleum spondylium)

DeclensionEdit


UkrainianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *bъrščь, first meaning “hogweed”, then “hogweed soup”, later “beet soup”, from Proto-Indo-European *bhṛsti̯o-. Compare Sanskrit भृष्टि ‎(bhṛṣṭi, sharp point, prong, edge), German Borste ‎(bristle), Bürste ‎(brush), English bur, bristle.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

борщ ‎(borščm inan

  1. Borscht, beet soup.
  2. Hogweed, Heracleum spondylium.

ReferencesEdit

  • Rudnycʼkyj, Jaroslav B. (1962–1972), “борщ”, in An Etymological Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language (in Ukrainian), volume I, Winnipeg: Ukrainian Free Academy of Sciences
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