последний

RussianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old East Slavic послѣдьнъ (poslědĭnŭ), from послѣди (poslědi) + -ьнъ (-ĭnŭ). Ultimately derived from Proto-Slavic *slědъ.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [pɐs⁽ʲ⁾ˈlʲedʲnʲɪj]
  • (file)

AdjectiveEdit

после́дний (poslédnij)

  1. last, latest, recent
    в после́днее вре́мяv poslédneje vrémjaof late
    за после́днее вре́мяza poslédneje vrémjarecently
    после́дняя мо́даposlédnjaja módathe latest fashion
  2. final, ultimate, definitive
    после́дний срокposlédnij srokdeadline
    после́днее сло́воposlédneje slóvothe last word
  3. latter
  4. (colloquial) worst
    после́дний сортposlédnij sortthe worst kind
    после́днее де́лоposlédneje délothe worst solution
    после́дняя же́нщинаposlédnjaja žénščinaprostitute

Usage notesEdit

  • Due to negative connotations, sometimes replaced with the euphemism кра́йний (krájnij) in modern colloquial usage.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “последний”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress