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EvenkiEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Tungusic *samān (shaman), compare Nanai сама̄н. Probably from Sanskrit श्रमण (śramaṇa, ascetic, monk, Sramana) or Pali samaṇa, likely via Middle Chinese 沙門 (shāmén).

An alternative theory derives the Proto-Tungusic word from an ancestor of Nivkh чам (ț’am, eagle, shaman), but the direction of the borrowing is usually taken to be the reverse.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

сама̄н (samān)

  1. shaman

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Vasilevič, G. M. (1958), “сама̄н”, in Evɛnkijsko-Russkij slovarʹ [Evenki-Russian dictionary] (in Russian), Moscow: GIS, page 342/2

RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From a Turkic language. See Turkish saman.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

сама́н (samánm inan (genitive сама́на, nominative plural сама́ны, genitive plural сама́нов)

  1. adobe (unburnt brick)
    по ме́ре затвердевания, сама́н скла́дывали в колонку с зазо́ром, что́бы быстре́е высыха́л
    po mére zatverdevanija, samán skládyvali v kolonku s zazórom, štóby bystréje vysyxál
    as soon as they hardened, the adobes were piled up in independent columns so that they dried faster
  2. air brick

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit