Cirila-в-minuskla.svg
в U+0432, в
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER VE
б
[U+0431]
Cyrillic г
[U+0433]

TranslingualEdit

 
Cyrillic letter В в (В в), normal above, italics below.
 
Handwritten forms

EtymologyEdit

  From early Cyrillic letter vědě.

LetterEdit

в (lower case, upper case В)

  1. A letter of several Cyrillic alphabets.

Related termsEdit

  • v (Latin alphabet)

BashkirEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /w/, (in Russian borrowings) /v/

LetterEdit

в (v) (lower case, upper case В)

  1. The third letter of the Bashkir alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See alsoEdit


BelarusianEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

в (v) (lower case, upper case В)

  1. The third letter of the Belarusian alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See alsoEdit


BulgarianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

в (v) (lower case, upper case В)

  1. The third letter of the Bulgarian alphabet, called въ and written in the Cyrillic script.

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): (before vowels and voiceless consonants) /f/, (before voiced consonants) /v/

PrepositionEdit

в (v)

  1. going inside (of) or within the limits of, into, in, at, to
    влизам в стаята
    vlizam v stajata
    to go into the room
    качвам се в колата
    kačvam se v kolata
    to get in the car
    пристигам в хотела
    pristigam v hotela
    to arrive at the hotel
  2. against, especially with force or violence, into
    Колата се блъсна в дървото.
    Kolata se blǎsna v dǎrvoto.
    The car crashed into the tree.
    Не внимавах и се блъснах в стена.
    Ne vnimavah i se blǎsnah v stena.
    I wasn't careful, and walked into a wall.
  3. used to indicate where something is or where something happens, in, at, on
    в стаята съм
    v stajata sǎm
    to be in the room
    Срещнахме се в училище.
    Sreštnahme se v učilište.
    We met at school.
    пътувам в автобуса/метрото
    pǎtuvam v avtobusa/metroto
    to travel on the bus/tube
  4. used with certain time expressions to say when something happens, at, in, on, during
    в 8 часа
    v 8 časa
    at 8 o'clock
    в петък
    v petǎk
    on Friday
    в 1988
    v 1988
    in 1988
    в деветнадесетия век
    v devetnadesetija vek
    in/during the nineteenth century
    в това/същото време
    v tova/sǎštoto vreme
    at that/the same time
    в момента
    v momenta
    at the moment
    в един миг
    v edin mig
    momentarily/in a moment
    в началото
    v načaloto
    in the beginning
    в началото на годината
    v načaloto na godinata
    at the beginning of the year
  5. used to indicate a change in state, to, into
    превръщам в камък
    prevrǎštam v kamǎk
    to turn into stone
    превръщам в пепел/прах/развалини
    prevrǎštam v pepel/prah/razvalini
    to reduce to ashes/powder/ruins
    превръщам километри в мили
    prevrǎštam kilometri v mili
    to convert kilometres into miles
  6. used to indicate a state or condition, in, on
    в безсъзнание съм
    v bezsǎznanie sǎm
    to be in a dead faint/to be unconscious
    в движение
    v dviženie
    in motion/on the move
    в добро здравословно състояние
    v dobro zdravoslovno sǎstojanie
    in good health
    в покой
    v pokoj
    in repose/at rest/motionless
    в кома
    v koma
    in a coma
  7. used to show how or in what way something is done, in, at
    плащам в долари/брой
    plaštam v dolari/broj
    to pay in dollars/cash
    меря в километри
    merja v kilometri
    to measure in kilometres
    марширувам в строй
    marširuvam v stroj
    to march in formation
    вървя в крак
    vǎrvja v krak
    to keep in step
    слушам в захлас
    slušam v zahlas
    to listen in a daze
    в галоп/тръс
    v galop/trǎs
    at a gallop/trot
  8. used to indicate the parts forming something, in
    роман в три части
    roman v tri časti
    a novel in three volumes
    филм в два епизода
    film v dva epizoda
    a film in two episodes
  9. used to describe the clothes or the colour of something, in
    облечен в черно/черна риза
    oblečen v černo/černa riza
    dressed in black/a black shirt
    стени, боядисани в синьо
    steni, bojadisani v sinjo
    walls painted blue
  10. used to indicate a sphere where a certain quality is present, at
    Той е много добър в професията си.
    Toj e mnogo dobǎr v profesijata si.
    He is very good at his job.
Usage notesEdit

In writing, във is used in front of words starting with в or ф and в is used elsewhere. In speech, в and във are used interchangeably. In writing and in speech, във is also used as a stressed form of в, even before words not beginning with в or ф, as in

Тя е във къщата, а не отвън.
Tja e vǎv kǎštata, a ne otvǎn.
She is in the house, not outside.

In verse, във can also be used in front of words not starting with в or ф in order to maintain the syllable structure of the line.

Related termsEdit

KazakhEdit

Cyrillic в
Arabic ۆ

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

в (v) (lower case, upper case В)

  1. The fourth letter of the Kazakh alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See alsoEdit


KyrgyzEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

в (v) (lower case, upper case В)

  1. The third letter of the Kyrgyz alphabet, called ве and written in the Cyrillic script.

Usage notesEdit

Only used in words of foreign origin.

See alsoEdit


MacedonianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): [v], (at the end of words or before unvoiced consonants) [f]
  • (letter name): IPA(key): [və]

LetterEdit

в (v) (lower case, upper case В) (italics: В, в)

  1. The third letter of the Macedonian alphabet, called в and written in the Cyrillic script.
  2. The name of the Cyrillic-script letter в.

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PrepositionEdit

в (v)

  1. Alternative form of во (vo)

Related termsEdit


MongolianEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

в (v) (lower case, upper case В) (italics: В, в)

  1. The third letter of the Mongolian alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See alsoEdit


OssetianEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

в (v) (lower case, upper case В)

  1. The fourth letter of the Ossetian alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See alsoEdit


RussianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

PronunciationEdit

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): [v], [vʲ], [f]

LetterEdit

в (v) (lower case, upper case В) (italics: В, в)

  1. The third letter of the Russian alphabet, called вэ and written in the Cyrillic script.
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old East Slavic въ (), from Proto-Slavic *vъ(n), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥, zero-grade form of *h₁én.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [v] (before vowels and voiced consonants)
  • IPA(key): [f] (before voiceless consonants)
  • (file)

PrepositionEdit

в (v)

  1. (location) in, at, on [+prepositional]
    Он в теа́треOn v teátreHe’s at (in) the theater.
  2. (direction) to, into [+accusative]
    Он идёт в теа́трOn idjót v teátrHe’s going to (into) the theater.
  3. (time) at, in, on [+accusative]
    в три часа́v tri časáat three o’clock
    в пя́тницуv pjátnicuon Friday
  4. per
    три ра́за в деньtri ráza v denʹthree times per day
Related termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Abbreviation of вольт (volʹt).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [volʲt] (phonetic respelling: вольт)

NounEdit

в (vm inan (indeclinable)

  1. V, volt

Serbo-CroatianEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

в (lower case, upper case В)

  1. The third letter of the Serbo-Croatian alphabet, called в and written in the Cyrillic script.
  2. The name of the Cyrillic-script letter в.
    Synonym: (obsolete) веди

See alsoEdit