ընկոյզ

Old ArmenianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognates are found in many languages of Western and Central Asia: compare Ossetian ӕнгу́з (ængúz), ӕнгозӕ (ængozæ), Georgian ნიგოზი (nigozi), Mingrelian ნეძი (neʒi), ნეზი (nezi), Lomavren aŋkor (Caucasus), անքոտ (ankʿot) (Eğin), Middle Persian [Book Pahlavi needed] (gwc /gōz/), Classical Persian گوز(gōz), Northern Kurdish gûz, goz, gwîz, Central Kurdish گوێز(gwêz), Mazanderani [script needed] (āγōz, ăγōz), Shughni ғу̊з (ɣū̊z), Sarikoli γewz, Yidgha [script needed] (oγúzo), Middle Armenian ղոյզ (łoyz), Aramaic גּוֹזָא(gōzā), Classical Syriac ܓܘܙܐ(gawzā), Arabic جَوْز(jawz), Hebrew אֱגוֹז(ʾĕḡôz), Punic *𐤀𐤂𐤆(*ʾgz /ʾəgūz/), Chagatai قوز(qoz).[1][2][3][4][5]

Probably all ultimately from Old Iranian *gauza- (nut), with the preverbs *han-, *ā- and *ni-, from the root Proto-Iranian *gauz- (to hide, conceal) (compare Sanskrit गूहति (gū́hati)), referring to the fact that the edible nut is enclosed in a green outer fruit wall.[6][5]

Compare also ողկոյզ (ołkoyz) and կոյզ (koyz).

NounEdit

ընկոյզ (ənkoyz)

  1. walnut (nut of the walnut tree)
    • 5th century, Bible, Genesis 43.11:
      Ասէ ցնոսա Իսրայէլ հայրն իւրեանց․ Այդպէս իցէ, արարէք զայդ․ առէք ի պտղոյ երկրիս յամանս ձեր, եւ տարայք առնն պատարագս, ռետին եւ մեղր եւ խունկս եւ ստաշխն եւ բեւեկն եւ ընկոյզ։
      Asē cʿnosa Israyēl hayrn iwreancʿ; Aydpēs icʿē, ararēkʿ zayd; aṙēkʿ i ptłoy erkris yamans jer, ew taraykʿ aṙnn patarags, ṙetin ew mełr ew xunks ew stašxn ew bewekn ew ənkoyz.
      • Translation by Brenton Septuagint Translation
        And Israel, their father, said to them, If it be so, do this; take of the fruits of the earth in your vessels, and carry down to the man presents of gum and honey, and frankincense, and stacte, and turpentine, and walnuts.
    • 5th century, Agatʿangełos, Patmutʿiwn Hayocʿ [History of the Armenians] 644:[7]
      Սոյնպէս կիտրոնն եւ ապաբաղսամոնն եւ դափնին եւ ձիթենին գեղեցիկ եւ սերկեւիլն եւ մուրտն եւ ընկոյզն եւ նուշն եւ քնարուկն եւ հաճարուկն եւ թութն եւ նուռնն եւ հոյնն:
      Soynpēs kitronn ew apabałsamonn ew dapʿnin ew jitʿenin gełecʿik ew serkewiln ew murtn ew ənkoyzn ew nušn ew kʿnarukn ew hačarukn ew tʿutʿn ew nuṙnn ew hoynn:
      • Translation by Robert W. Thomson
        Likewise the lemon and balsamon, and laurel and beautiful olive tree, and quince and myrtle, and nut and almond, and lotus and holly, and mulberry and pomegranate and cornel tree.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle Armenian: ընկուզ (ənkuz)
  • Armenian: ընկույզ (ənkuyz)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1973), “ընկոյզ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), volume II, 2nd edition, a reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 130–131
  2. ^ Hehn, Victor; Schrader, Otto (1911) Kulturpflanzen und Haustiere in ihrem Übergang aus Asien nach Griechenland und Italien sowie in das übrige Europa[1] (in German), 8th edition, Berlin: Gebrüder Borntraeger, page 393–404
  3. ^ Wagner, Max (1966) Die lexikalischen und grammatikalischen Aramaismen im alttestamentlichen Hebräisch (Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft; 96) (in German), Berlin: Alfred Töpelmann, →ISBN, page 18
  4. ^ Cabolov, R. L. (2001) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ kurdskovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Kurdish Language] (in Russian), volume 1, Moscow: Russian Academy Press Vostochnaya Literatura, pages 409–410
  5. 5.0 5.1 Cheung, Johnny (2007) Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 117
  6. ^ Steblin-Kamenskij, I.M. (1982) Očerki po istorii leksiki pamirskix jazykov. Nazvanija kulʹturnyx rastenij [Essays on the history of Pamir languages. Names of cultivated plants] (in Russian), Moscow: Nauka, pages 110—111
  7. ^ Thomson, Robert W. (2001) The teaching of Saint Gregory (Avant: Treasures of the Armenian Christian Tradition; 1), revised edition, New Rochelle, New York: St. Nersess Armenian Seminary, page 206

Further readingEdit

  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836), “ընկոյզ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), volume I, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 781c
  • Awgerean, Mkrtičʿ; Čēlalean, Grigor (1865), “ընկոյզ”, in Aṙjeṙn baṙaran haykaznean lezui [Pocket Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 312b
  • Bläsing, Uwe (2019), “Die armenischen Pflanzennamen in Peter Simon Pallas’ Flora Rossica. Eine Studie zu Etymologie und sprachlicher Interaktion”, in U. Bläsing, J. Dum-Tragut, T.M. van Lint, editors, Armenian, Hittite, and Indo-European Studies: A Commemoration Volume for Jos J.S. Weitenberg (Hebrew University Armenian Studies; 15) (in German), Leuven: Peeters, pages 21–22
  • Hübschmann, Heinrich (1897) Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie (in German), Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, page 393
  • Hübschmann, Heinrich (1897) Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie (in German), Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, page 128, footnote 1
  • J̌axǰaxean, Manuēl (1837), “ընկոյզ”, in Baṙgirkʿ i barbaṙ hay ew italakan [Armenian–Italian Dictionary], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, pages 548–549
  • Löw, Immanuel (1924) Die Flora der Juden[2] (in German), volume 2, Wien und Leipzig: R. Löwit, page 29–59
  • Mkrtčʿyan, Nerses (2004), “Banasirakan čšgrtumner ew lracʿumner [Philological Corrections and Additions]”, in Patma-banasirakan handes [Historical-Philological Journal]‎[3] (in Armenian), issue 3, page 185
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “ընկոյզ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 206a