տարր

ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Learned borrowing from Old Armenian տարր (tarr).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Eastern Armenian, standard) IPA(key): [tɑɾː]
  • (file)

NounEdit

տարր (tarr)

  1. (chemistry) element
    քիմիական տարրkʿimiakan tarrchemical element
  2. element, rudiment, principle, fundamental
  3. component
  4. element (member of a social group)

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit


Old ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

The origin is uncertain.

One suggestion is that it is derived from Proto-Indo-European *dóru (tree, wood),[1] via a Pre-Armenian r/u-stem noun *dóru-r, taking the zero-grade from the oblique *dr̥u-,[2] or directly from *dóru through an o-ua-u dissimilatory umlaut[3]. In this case cognate with անտառ (antaṙ), տորգ (torg), տոռն (toṙn), տարգալ (targal). For the sense development Martirosyan compares Ancient Greek ὕλη (húlē, wood, timber; material, matter).

NounEdit

տարր (tarr)

  1. element, elementary substance or matter
    տարերքtarerkʿelements; rudiments
    տարերք կենացtarerkʿ kenacʿthe elements of life
    ըստ տարերց աշխարհիəst tarercʿ ašxarhiaccording to the worldly maxims
  2. (grammar) article; letter

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Armenian: տարր (tarr), տարերք (tarerkʿ)

Further readingEdit

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “տարր”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “տարր”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “տարր”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ J̌ahukyan (Džaukjan), Geworg (1982) Sravnitelʹnaja grammatika armjanskovo jazyka [Comparative grammar of the Armenian language] (in Russian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 106
  2. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “tarr”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 608–609
  3. ^ Viredaz, Rémy (2017) La dissimilation d'aperture vocalique en arménien (loi d'Olsen)[1] (in French), Handout of a paper presented at the 11th International Congress on Armenian Linguistics, Yerevan, 2‒5 October, 2017, page 29, citing de Lamberterie