Last modified on 25 April 2015, at 19:41

element

See also: Element

EnglishEdit

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English element, from Old French element, from Latin elementum (a first principle, element, rudiment); origin uncertain. Perhaps ultimately from L M N, first three letters of the second half of the Canaanite alphabet, recited by ancient scribes when learning it (in sense compare English ABC(s) (fundamentals)). This idea has been criticized though due to the absence of any evidence for use of a half-split in the Latin alphabet itself and the lack of evidence for the use of "el", "em", and "en" as letter names in early Latin. An alternative related idea is that elementum was borrowed into Latin from a Semitic term (probably via Egyptian) halaḥama, which derives from the old South Semitic initial character sequence, h-l-ḥ-m..., though this theory presents some difficulties as well.

The equivalent Greek term στοιχεῖον (stoikheîon, element, letter) (introduced in the sense of "element" by Plato), like the Latin elementum, has the dual meaning of "element" and "letter," which does suggest that the semantic connection between these ideas could be quite old.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

element (plural elements)

  1. One of the simplest or essential parts or principles of which anything consists, or upon which the constitution or fundamental powers of anything are based.
    Letters are the elements of written language.
    • Benjamin Jowett (1817-1893) (Thucydides)
      The simplicity which is so large an element in a noble nature was laughed to scorn.
    1. (chemistry) Any one of the simplest chemical substances that cannot be decomposed in a chemical reaction or by any chemical means and made up of atoms all having the same number of protons.
    2. One of the four basic building blocks of matter in theories of ancient philosophers and alchemists: water, earth, fire, and air.
    3. (law) A required aspect or component of a cause of action. A deed is regarded a violation of law only if each element can be proved.
    4. (set theory) One of the objects in a set.
  2. A small part of the whole.
    an element of doubt;  an element of the picture
    • 1927, F. E. Penny, chapter 4, Pulling the Strings:
      The case was that of a murder. It had an element of mystery about it, however, which was puzzling the authorities. A turban and loincloth soaked in blood had been found; also a staff.
  3. (plural only, with "the") Atmospheric forces such as strong winds and rains.
    exposed to the elements
  4. A place or state of being that an individual or object is better suited towards.
    to be in one's own element
  5. (Christianity, chiefly in the plural) The bread and wine taken at Holy Communion.
  6. A group of people within a larger group having a particular common characteristic.
    You sometimes find the hooligan element at football matches.
  7. A short form of heating element, a component in electrical equipment, often in the form of a coil, having a high resistance, thereby generating heat when a current is passed through it.
    The element in this electric kettle can heat the water in under a minute.
  8. (computing) One of the conceptual objects in a markup language, usually represented in text by a matching pair of tags.
    • 2011, Richard Wagner, Creating Web Pages All-in-One For Dummies
      The div element was introduced into HTML as a solution to the layout problem.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

AnagramsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Lehmann, R.G. (2011). "27-30-22-26 - How many letters needs an alphabet?". In de Voogt, A.; Quack, J.F. The Idea of Writing: Writing Across Borders. Brill. pp. 15–16, note 8.

Crimean TatarEdit

EtymologyEdit

Latin elementum.

NounEdit

element

  1. element.

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit


DutchEdit

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nl

EtymologyEdit

From Old French element, from Latin elementum (a first principle, element, rudiment); origin uncertain. Perhaps ultimately from L M N, first three letters of the second half of the Canaanite alphabet, recited by ancient scribes when learning it (in sense compare English ABC(s) (fundamentals)).

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ele‧ment

NounEdit

element n (plural elementen, diminutive elementje n)

  1. element
  2. (chemistry) element
  3. (set theory) element

AnagramsEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia no

EtymologyEdit

From Latin elementum

NounEdit

element n (definite singular elementet, indefinite plural element or elementer, definite plural elementa or elementene)

  1. an element

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nn

EtymologyEdit

From Latin elementum

NounEdit

element n (definite singular elementet, indefinite plural element, definite plural elementa)

  1. an element

ReferencesEdit


PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

element m inan

  1. element (component, piece of a larger whole)
  2. (pejorative, dated) element (group of people)
    Wieczorami w knajpie zbierał się podejrzany element.
    In the evenings, suspicious element congregated in the pub.

DeclensionEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /elěment/
  • Hyphenation: e‧le‧ment

NounEdit

elèment m (Cyrillic spelling елѐмент)

  1. element

DeclensionEdit


SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

element n

  1. element; basic building block of matter in ancient philosophy
  2. element; a place or state of being that an individual or object is better suited towards
  3. elements; forces of weather
  4. element; an object in a set
  5. (mathematics) element of a matrix
  6. heating element, radiator
  7. (computing) element; object in markup language

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit


TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From German Element.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ɛ.le.ˈment]
  • Hyphenation: e‧le‧ment

NounEdit

element (definite accusative elementi, plural elementler)

  1. (chemistry) element

DeclensionEdit