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ד (d)

  1. Dalet, daleth: the fourth letter of the Hebrew alphabet.
  2. The numeral 4 in Hebrew numbering.

Usage notesEdit

  • The letter ד represents the phoneme /d/. In Modern Israeli Hebrew, this phoneme is pronounced [d] (like the <d> in English dog).
  • In the Masoretic Text, the letter ד takes a dagesh (דּ) not only when geminated, but also at the start of a word or after a consonant. In Yemenite Hebrew, it is pronounced [d] in those contexts, and [ð] (like the <th> in English this) in other contexts; it is commonly believed that the same was true in Classical Hebrew.
  • In Modern Israeli Hebrew, the sound /ð/ (like the <th> in English that), which occurs in various foreign phrases and proper nouns, is commonly written ד׳ (dh).
  • The letter ד does not have many "grammatical" uses — it mostly occurs only in the "main" part of a word — but one exception is in hitpa'el verbs (and derived nouns) where the first letter of the root is ז (z); for example, we say הִזְדַּקֵּן (hizdakén, to grow old) rather than *הִתְזַקֵּן (hitzaken).

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