See also: s [U+0073 LATIN SMALL LETTER S], 's, -s, ѕ [U+0455 CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER DZE], Ѕ [U+0405 CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER DZE], Տ [U+054F ARMENIAN CAPITAL LETTER TIWN], [U+13DA CHEROKEE LETTER DU], and Appendix:Variations of "s"

S U+0053, S
LATIN CAPITAL LETTER S
R
[U+0052]
Basic Latin T
[U+0054]
U+FF33, S
FULLWIDTH LATIN CAPITAL LETTER S

[U+FF32]
Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms
[U+FF34]

Translingual

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English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology

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From the Etruscan letter 𐌔 (s, es), from the Ancient Greek letter Σ (S, sigma), derived from the Phoenician letter 𐤔 (š, šin), from the Egyptian hieroglyph 𓌒.

Letter

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S (lower case s)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also

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Symbol

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S

  1. (chemistry) symbol for sulfur / sulphur
  2. (metrology) symbol for siemens, a measure of electrical conductance.
  3. (metrology) symbol for spat (obsolete astronomical unit of distance).
  4. (metrology) symbol for svedberg (unit of sedimentation rate in ultracentrifugation).
  5. (biochemistry) IUPAC 1-letter abbreviation for serine
  6. (geology) symbol for storativity
  7. (mathematics, topology) sphere
  8. (mathematics, computer science) The S ("substitution") combinator, defined as Sxyz = xz(yz), used in SKI calculus
  9. (linguistics) A wildcard for a sibilant; or sometimes ambiguously for a stop, fricative, sonorant or semivowel
  10. (usually clothing) small (the manufactured size)
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See also

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The template Template:Letter does not use the parameter(s):
Character=S

Please see Module:checkparams for help with this warning.

Other representations of S:

English

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Etymology 1

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Pronunciation

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  • (name of letter) IPA(key): /ɛs/
  • Audio (US):(file)
  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /s/, /z/, /ʒ/

Letter

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S (upper case, lower case s, plural Ss or S's)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the English alphabet, called ess and written in the Latin script.
Derived terms
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See also
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Number

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S (upper case, lower case s)

  1. The ordinal number nineteenth, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called ess and written in the Latin script.

Etymology 2

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Abbreviation.

S

  1. (stenoscript) the sound sequence /st/ in a word, e.g. it's the transcription of the suffix -ist.
  2. (stenoscript) the prefix sub-
    [some manuals advise lower-case s for the prefix sub-]
  3. (stenoscript) Abbreviation of south.

Noun

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S

  1. Initialism of south.
  2. Initialism of season (group of episodes of a series).
    I watched S01 through 03. I have yet to watch the S04.
    The pilot episode is S01E01.
  3. (usually clothing, singular only) Initialism of small (the manufactured size or an item of that size).
    Coordinate terms: XXS, XS, M, L, XL, XXL
  4. (music) Initialism of soprano.
  5. (American Library Association) Initialism of sextodecimo (book size, 15-17.5 cm in height).
Translations
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Adjective

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S (not comparable)

  1. (usually clothing) Initialism of small (of the manufactured size).
    Coordinate terms: XXS, XS, M, L, XL, XXL

Etymology 3

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From the first letter of set and of stage, two fundamental concepts of the theory.

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Proper noun

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S

  1. (set theory) An axiomatic set theory, developed by logician George Boolos, in which several of the axioms of ZF are derivable as theorems.
    S has no axiom of extensionality and identity is absent from the other S axioms.

Afar

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Letter

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S

  1. The forth letter in the Afar alphabet.

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Afrikaans

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Pronunciation

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  • (letter name): IPA(key): /ɛs/

Letter

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S (upper case, lower case s)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Afrikaans alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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Noun

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S (plural S's, diminutive S'ie)

  1. S

Azerbaijani

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Letter

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S upper case (lower case s)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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Basque

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /es̺e/, [e̞.s̺e̞]

Letter

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S (upper case, lower case s)

  1. The twentieth letter of the Basque alphabet, called ese and written in the Latin script.

See also

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Central Franconian

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Etymology

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  • /z/, /ʃ/ are from West Germanic *s.
  • For the origin of /s/, see ß.

Pronunciation

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  • (German-based) /z/, (coda or doubled) /s/, (in initial sp, st) /ʃ/
  • (Dutch-based) /s/

Letter

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S

  1. A letter in the German-based alphabet of Central Franconian.
  2. A letter in the Dutch-based alphabet of Central Franconian.

Usage notes

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  • In the German-based spelling, /s/ after long vowels and diphthongs is represented by ß (see there).
  • In the Dutch-based spelling, /z/ is represented by z (see there). /ʃ/ is represented by sj.

Chinese

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Pronunciation 1

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Note: Often realised as 4eq&3sr or just 1es.

Letter

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S

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Latin alphabet.

Pronunciation 2

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Letter

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S

  1. The nineteenth letter used in Pinyin.
Usage notes
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  • 《汉语拼音方案》 defines a standard pronunciation for each letter. However, these pronunciations are rarely used in education; another pronunciation is commonly used instead.
  • The pronunciation above are only used while referring to letters in Pinyin. They are not used in other context (such as English).
  • The official pronunciation defined in 《汉语拼音方案》, ㄝㄙ (ê̄s), is not a valid syllable in Pinyin.

Dutch

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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S (upper case, lower case s)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Dutch alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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Esperanto

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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S (upper case, lower case s)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called so and written in the Latin script.

See also

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Noun

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S

  1. Abbreviation of sudo (south).

Pronoun

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S

  1. (text messaging) Abbreviation of ŝi (she).

Alternative forms

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Estonian

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Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et

Letter

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S (upper case, lower case s)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Estonian alphabet, called ess and written in the Latin script.

See also

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Finnish

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Etymology

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The Finnish orthography using the Latin script was based on those of Swedish, German and Latin, and was first used in the mid-16th century. No earlier script is known. See the Wikipedia article on Finnish for more information, and S for information on the development of the glyph itself.

Letter

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S (upper case, lower case s)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Finnish alphabet, called äs or es and written in the Latin script.

See also

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French

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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S

  1. Abbreviation of sud; south

Letter

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S (upper case, lower case s)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the French alphabet, written in the Latin script.

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Galician

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Noun

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S

  1. Abbreviation of sur (south).

Antonyms

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  • (south): N

German

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Etymology

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For the origin of the letter, see s.

Pronunciation

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  • (letter) IPA(key): /ɛs/, [ʔɛs]
  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /z/, /s/, /ʃ/ (see etymology section)

Letter

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S (upper case, lower case s)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the German alphabet, called es and written in the Latin script.
    • 1877, Dr. Schröer, “Gelegentliche Bemerkungen über erhöhte Ansprüche, die nun an die Aufzeichnung mundartlicher Sprachproben zu stellen wären”, in Die deutschen Mundarten. Zeitschrift für Dichtung, Forschung und Kritik. Herausgegeben von Dr. G. Karl Frommann. Siebenter Band (neuer Folge erster Band), page 15:
      Für die zweierlei S, das scharfe ß und das weiche, tönende s, sind die Zeichen s und ſ zu empfehlen. Letzteres wird im Französischen, Englischen, Holländischen, Polnischen, Madjarischen mit z bezeichnet, das wir nicht annehmen können, weil bei uns, wie schon bemerkt, z den Laut ts bezeichnet.
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)

Noun

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S

  1. Abbreviation of Süd; south

Hungarian

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Pronunciation

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  • (phoneme): IPA(key): [ˈʃ]
  • (letter name): IPA(key): [ˈɛʃː]
  • Audio (phoneme):(file)

Letter

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S

  1. The thirtieth letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called ess and written in the Latin script.

Declension

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Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative S S-ek
accusative S-et S-eket
dative S-nek S-eknek
instrumental S-sel S-ekkel
causal-final S-ért S-ekért
translative S-sé S-ekké
terminative S-ig S-ekig
essive-formal S-ként S-ekként
essive-modal
inessive S-ben S-ekben
superessive S-en S-eken
adessive S-nél S-eknél
illative S-be S-ekbe
sublative S-re S-ekre
allative S-hez S-ekhez
elative S-ből S-ekből
delative S-ről S-ekről
ablative S-től S-ektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
S-é S-eké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
S-éi S-ekéi
Possessive forms of S
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. S-em S-eim
2nd person sing. S-ed S-eid
3rd person sing. S-e S-ei
1st person plural S-ünk S-eink
2nd person plural S-etek S-eitek
3rd person plural S-ük S-eik

See also

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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S (lower case s)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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Italian

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Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Pronunciation

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  • (letter name) IPA(key): /ˈɛs.se/
  • (phonemic realization, between vowels) IPA(key): /z/, /s/
  • (phonemic realization, when followed by a voiceless consonant) IPA(key): /s/
  • (phonemic realization, when followed by a voiced consonant) IPA(key): /z/

Letter

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S f or m (invariable, upper case, lower case s)

  1. The seventeenth letter of the Italian alphabet, called esse and written in the Latin script.

Noun

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S m

  1. Abbreviation of sud; south

See also

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Japanese

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Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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From English superior.

Noun

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S(エス) (esu

  1. (education) highest academic grading in the S-A-B-C-F scale
  2. (chiefly video games) S, the highest rank or grade (above A) commonly used in ranking systems in video games
Descendants
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  • English: S

Etymology 2

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From English small.

Noun

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S(エス) (esu

  1. small size
Synonyms
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Etymology 3

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From English sadism; compare English S&M.

Noun

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S(エス) (esu

  1. (sexuality, euphemistic) sadism, sadist
  2. (colloquial) dominant personality
Antonyms
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Derived terms
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Kashubian

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Etymology

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The Kashubian orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the Kashubian alphabet article on Wikipedia for more, and S for development of the glyph itself.

Letter

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S (upper case, lower case s)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Kashubian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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Latvian

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Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology

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Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation

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  This entry needs an audio pronunciation. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record this word. The recorded pronunciation will appear here when it's ready.

Letter

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S

S (upper case, lower case s)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Latvian alphabet, called es and written in the Latin script.

See also

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Malay

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Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ms

Pronunciation

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Letter

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S

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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Nupe

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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S (upper case, lower case s)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Nupe alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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Polish

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Etymology

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The Polish orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the history of Polish orthography article on Wikipedia for more, and S for development of the glyph itself.

Pronunciation

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Letter

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S (upper case, lower case s)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Polish alphabet, called es and written in the Latin script.

See also

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Portuguese

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Letter

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S (upper case, lower case s)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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Romani

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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S (upper case, lower case s)

  1. (International Standard) The twenty-fourth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  2. (Pan-Vlax) The twenty-fifth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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Romanian

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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S (upper case, lower case s)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Romanian alphabet, called es, se, or and written in the Latin script.

See also

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Saanich

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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S

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Saanich alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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Scottish Gaelic

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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S (upper case, lower case s)

  1. The sixteenth letter of the Scottish Gaelic alphabet, written in the Latin script. It is preceded by r and followed by t. Its traditional name is suil (willow).

See also

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Silesian

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Etymology

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The Silesian orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the Silesian language article on Wikipedia for more, and S for development of the glyph itself.

Letter

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S (upper case, lower case s)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Silesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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Skolt Sami

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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S (lower case s)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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Slovak

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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S (upper case, lower case s)

  1. The thirty-third letter of the Slovak alphabet, called es and written in the Latin script.

See also

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Slovene

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Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Letter

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S (upper case, lower case s)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Slovene alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  2. The twenty-sixth letter of the Slovene alphabet (Resian), written in the Latin script.
  3. The twentieth letter of the Slovene alphabet (Natisone Valley dialect), written in the Latin script.

See also

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Somali

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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S upper case (lower case s)

  1. The ninth letter of the Somali alphabet, called sa and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

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  1. The ninth letter of the Somali alphabet, which follows Arabic abjad order. It is preceded by R and followed by SH.

See also

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Spanish

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Letter

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S (upper case, lower case s)

  1. The twentieth letter of the Spanish alphabet, called es and written in the Latin script.

Noun

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S m

  1. Abbreviation of sur; south

Swedish

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Proper noun

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S

  1. Abbreviation of Socialdemokraterna (Swedish Social Democratic Party).

Tagalog

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Spanish S. Each pronunciation has a different source:

  • Filipino alphabet pronunciation is influenced by English S.
  • Abakada alphabet pronunciation is influenced by Baybayin character (sa).
  • Abecedario pronunciation is from Spanish S.

Pronunciation

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  • (Standard Tagalog)
    • IPA(key): /ˈʔes/ [ˈʔɛs] (letter name, Filipino alphabet)
    • IPA(key): /ˈsa/ [ˈsa] (letter name, Abakada alphabet)
      • Rhymes: -a
    • IPA(key): /ˈʔese/ [ˈʔɛː.sɛ] (letter name, Abecedario)
    • IPA(key): /s/ [s] (phoneme)

Letter

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S (upper case, lower case s, Baybayin spelling ᜁᜐ᜔)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Tagalog alphabet (the Filipino alphabet), called es and written in the Latin script.

See also

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Letter

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S (upper case, lower case s, Baybayin spelling )

  1. The sixteenth letter of the Tagalog alphabet (the Abakada alphabet), called sa and written in the Latin script.

Letter

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S (upper case, lower case s, Baybayin spelling ᜁᜐᜒ)

  1. (historical) The twenty-second letter of the Tagalog alphabet (the Abecedario), called ese and written in the Latin script.

Further reading

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  • S”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018

Turkish

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Letter

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S (upper case, lower case s)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Turkish alphabet, called se and written in the Latin script.

See also

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Vietnamese

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Pronunciation

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  • (Hà Nội) IPA(key): [ʔɛt̚˧˦ si˨˩], [ʔɛt̚˧˦ si˨˩], [səː˨˩], [səː˨˩ naŋ˧˨ʔ]
  • (Huế) IPA(key): [ʔɛt̚˦˧˥ ʂɪj˦˩] ~ [ʔɛt̚˦˧˥ sɪj˦˩], [ʔɛt̚˦˧˥ sɪj˦˩], [ʂəː˦˩] ~ [səː˦˩], [ʂəː˦˩ naŋ˨˩ʔ] ~ [səː˦˩ naŋ˨˩ʔ]
  • (Saigon) IPA(key): [ʔɛk̚˦˥ ʂɪj˨˩] ~ [ʔɛk̚˦˥ sɪj˨˩], [ʔɛk̚˦˥ sɪj˨˩], [ʂəː˨˩] ~ [səː˨˩], [ʂəː˨˩ naŋ˨˩˨] ~ [səː˨˩ naŋ˨˩˨]
  • Phonetic spelling: ét sì, ét xì, sờ, sờ nặng

Letter

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S (upper case, lower case s)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Vietnamese alphabet, called ét, ét-xì, sờ, or sờ nặng and written in the Latin script.

See also

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Welsh

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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S (upper case, lower case s)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Welsh alphabet, called ès and written in the Latin script. It is preceded by Rh and followed by T.

Mutation

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  • S cannot be mutated in Welsh.

See also

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Further reading

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  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “S”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

Yoruba

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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S (upper case, lower case s)

  1. The twentieth letter of the Yoruba alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See also

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Zulu

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Letter

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S (upper case, lower case s)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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