Translingual edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology edit

Symbol edit

de

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-1 language code for German.
    Coordinate term: deu
  2. (radio slang) from (operator), this is (operator)

English edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from Russian дэ ().

Noun edit

de (plural des)

  1. The name of the Cyrillic script letter Д / д.

Etymology 2 edit

Alternative forms edit

  • dee (Northumberland)

Verb edit

de (third-person singular simple present diz, present participle dein, simple past did, past participle dyun)

  1. (Northumbria) Alternative form of dee (to do).

References edit

  • Frank Graham (1987) The New Geordie Dictionary, →ISBN
  • Newcastle 1970s, Scott Dobson and Dick Irwin, [2]
  • Northumberland Words, English Dialect Society, R. Oliver Heslop, 1893–4
  • A Dictionary of North East Dialect, Bill Griffiths, 2005, Northumbria University Press, →ISBN

Etymology 3 edit

Article edit

de

  1. (African-American Vernacular, Bermuda, Caribbean, Jamaica) Pronunciation spelling of the.
    • 1964 [1929], William Faulkner, Sartoris (The Collected Works of William Faulkner), London: Chatto & Windus, page 22:
      “He went to’ds de back, ma’am.” The negro opened the door and slid his legs, clad in army O.D. and a pair of linoleum putties, to the ground. “‘I’ll go git ’im.”’
    • 2013 April 12, “Exclusive: Meet Derpuntae - Bermuda's first meme”, in The Bermuda Sun[3], archived from the original on 2022-12-12:
      So I'll prolly say de biggest threat to Bermy is de new selfish mentality like, she ank helpin no one in de end.

Etymology 4 edit

Interjection edit

de

  1. A meaningless syllable used when singing a tune or indicating a rhythm.
    "Dum de dum, dum de dum", he hummed as he sauntered down the road.

Anagrams edit

Albanian edit

Etymology edit

Compare Romanian di, employed with horses or oxen for the same purpose.

Interjection edit

de

  1. Denotes intensity, often after imperatives or some adverbs.
    Fol de!Speak!
    Ashtu de!This manner! (expressing happiness or satisfaction for the work done)
    Hë të lumtë goja, de!May thy mouth be blessed!
  2. Spurs a horse to move: giddyup

Further reading edit

  • de”, in FGJSH: Fjalor i gjuhës shqipe [Dictionary of the Albanian language] (in Albanian), 2006
  • “de”, in FGJSSH: Fjalor i gjuhës së sotme shqipe [Dictionary of the modern Albanian language]‎[4] (in Albanian), 1980

Alemannic German edit

Alternative forms edit

  • der (preconsonantic & prevocalic)
  • der (prevocalic, besides preconsonantic de)
  • d'r, dr (Bern)

Article edit

de

  1. (definite) the
    • 1879, Leonhard Steiner, Glärnisch-Fahrt. Gedicht in Zürcher Mundart, p. 10:
      [...] Fründ der Natur [...]
    • 1879, Leonhard Steiner, Glärnisch-Fahrt. Gedicht in Zürcher Mundart, p. 30:
      [...]; der erst und de zweit Stock [...]
    • Dichtungen in Thurgauer Mundart. Gesammelt von O. Sutermeister, published in Zürich by Verlag von Orell Füßli & Co., I. Teil, p. 5:
      [...] so luted der erst Atrag, wo bi der Umfrog vom Pfleger Heieri Guetchnecht vorbrocht würd.
    • Dichtungen in Thurgauer Mundart. Gesammelt von O. Sutermeister, I. Teil, p. 13:
      [...] wo die Flüchtigkeit der Zeit den Ernst des Läbens dem Gemüeti näher bringt.
    • Dichtungen in Thurgauer Mundart. Gesammelt von O. Sutermeister, I. Teil, p. 34:
      [...] i siner Eigeschaft als Fürst der Höll, der [...]
    • Dichtungen in Thurgauer Mundart. Gesammelt von O. Sutermeister, I. Teil, p. 52:
      Was ihr an einem der Ärmsten und Gringste Liebes und Guets tüend,
      Das will ich achte, als heied ihr mir 's tue – so spricht jo der Heiland.
    • Dichtungen in Thurgauer Mundart. Gesammelt von O. Sutermeister, II. Teil, p. 23:
      Mach mit den ander-n acht Moß, wa d'witt; [...]

Declension edit

Zürich:

Singular Plural
Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative de
der (before a vowel)
die, d', d'- 's
(at the beginning of a sentence or verse: S')
de, d'
Genitive der
Dative dem der, de dem de
Accusative de
der (before a vowel)
de, d', d'- 's d', d'-

Thurgau:

Singular Plural
Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative de (before a consonant, including h)
der (before a vowel, also before h)
die, de, d'- das, 's die, d'-
Genitive des der des der
Dative dem der dem de (before a consonant)
den (before a vowel)
Accusative de (before a consonant)
der (before a vowel)
den (before a vowel, less common)
die, de, d'- das, 's d'-

Asturian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin .

Preposition edit

de

  1. of, from

Usage notes edit

  • The preposition de contracts to d' before a word beginning with a vowel or h-: d'Asturies (of Asturias), d'hermanu (of a brother).

Derived terms edit

Bambara edit

Pronunciation edit

Particle edit

de

  1. emphatic particle (placed directly after the word it modifies)
    A ma i wele. A ye ne de wele
    He didn't call you. It was me that called

References edit

Basque edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

de inan

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter D.

Declension edit

See also edit

Bavarian edit

Alternative forms edit

  • d' (unstressed form)

Etymology edit

Cognate with German German die.

Article edit

de

  1. stressed nominative/accusative singular feminine of der
  2. stressed nominative/accusative/dative plural of der

See also edit

Pronoun edit

de

  1. she, her (accusative)
  2. they, them

Synonyms edit

See also edit

Catalan edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

de f (plural des)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter D.

Etymology 2 edit

From Latin .

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

de (before vowel or h d')

  1. of, from

Further reading edit

Etymology 3 edit

Verb edit

de

  1. inflection of dar:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Cebuano edit

Etymology edit

From Spanish de.

Preposition edit

de

  1. (dated) of, from (only in names with Spanish origins or in phrases with Spanish construct)
    hopia de Cebu
    Cebu's hopia or hopia of/from Cebu
    Isabel biyuda de Cortes
    Isabel widow of Cortes

Related terms edit

Central Franconian edit

Pronunciation edit

Article edit

de (definite, reduced)

  1. the
    1. (most dialects) feminine nominative and accusative
    2. (most dialects) plural nominative and accusative
    3. (many dialects) plural dative
    4. (some dialects) masculine nominative
    5. (some dialects) masculine accusative
    6. (few dialects) feminine dative

Usage notes edit

  • (masculine): Three territories must be distinguished: 1.) Ripuarian, in which the accusative takes the form of the nominative; 2.) western Moselle Franconian, in which the nominative takes the form of the accusative; 3.) eastern Moselle Franconian, in which nominative and accusative are distinct.
1.) In Ripuarian, the reduced masculine article in nominative and accusative is de only in a few places, including Bonn; most dialects have der. The full form is always .
2.) In western Moselle Franconian, the form is de, but becomes den before vowels, h-, and dental consonants. The full form is dän.
3.) In eastern Moselle Franconian, the reduced masculine article in the nominative is de in many dialects, der in others. The full form is där. The accusative takes den (full form: dän).
  • (feminine): Virtually all dialects use de as the reduced feminine article in nominative and accusative. The full form is die. In the dative, de is used in a few dialects of Ripuarian; the general form is der. The full form may be där or .
  • (plural): Virtually all dialects use de as the reduced plural article in nominative and accusative. The full form is die. In the dative, de is used in most dialects of Ripuarian. In Moselle Franconian the form is the same as the masculine accusative (see above). The full form of the dative plural may be dä, dän, or däne.
  • Westernmost Ripuarian has no case distinction whatsoever. Only the nominative forms are relevant for these dialects.

Declension edit

definite article
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative de (some dialects, also some Ripuarian dialects; reduced)
der (some Ripuarian dialects; reduced)
(Ripuarian; full)
de (most dialects; reduced)
die (most dialects; full)
de (most dialects; reduced)
die (most dialects; full)
Genitive
Dative de (few dialects; reduced)
(Ripuarian; full)
där (Moselle Franconian; full)
de (many dialects; reduced)
(some Ripuarian dialects; full)
Accusative de (some dialects; reduced)
(Ripuarian; full)
de (most dialects; reduced)
die (most dialects; full)
de (most dialects; reduced)
die (most dialects; full)

Ripuarian (scientific transcription by Münich with ę [ɛ] and ꝛ ⁠[ʁ⁠]):

Ripuarian definite article
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative de ət de
Genitive dęs (rare)
Dative dęm dę(ꝛ) dęm dę̄
Accusative de ət de
Ripuarian demonstrative pronoun
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative dę̄ꝛ dat
Genitive des
Dative dęm dęꝛ dęm mf dęǹə
n (fan) dęǹə
Accusative dę̄ (dęǹə) dat

Ripuarian → Kölsch (as actually used):

definite article
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative der, de, die, de dat, et, -'t die, de
Genitive des der des der
Dative dem der dem den
Accusative den, die, de dat, et, -'t die, de

Quotations edit

  • 1875, Fritz Hönig, „Geschräppels.“ Humoresken. Erster Band, p. 34:
    Ha geiht no noh'm Kobes öm Veetel op Aach,
    Verzällt imm dä ganzen Hergang der Saach.

Derived terms edit

  • em (en dem)

References edit

  • Grammatik der ripuarisch-fränkischen Mundart von Ferdinand Münch. Verlag von Friedrich Cohen, Bonn 1904, p. 138f. & 163f.

Cimbrian edit

Alternative forms edit

  • di (Luserna)

Article edit

de

  1. (Sette Comuni) the; definite article for four declensions:
    1. nominative singular feminine
    2. accusative singular feminine
    3. nominative plural
      De diarn zeint bille un de puuben noch mèeront.
      The girls are silly, and the boys even more so.
    4. accusative plural

See also edit

Cimbrian definite articles
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative dar de / di 's / z de / di
Accusative in de / di 's / z de / di
Dative me dar me in

References edit

  • “de” in Martalar, Umberto Martello; Bellotto, Alfonso (1974) Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Sette Communi vicentini, 1st edition, Roana, Italy: Instituto di Cultura Cimbra A. Dal Pozzo

Dalmatian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin .

Preposition edit

de

  1. of

Related terms edit

Danish edit

Etymology edit

From Old Danish thē, from Old Norse þeir, from Proto-Germanic *þai.

Pronunciation edit

Article edit

de pl

  1. plural definite article
    de grønne huse
    the green houses

See also edit

  • den (common gender singular)
  • det (neuter gender singular)

Pronoun edit

de (as a personal pronoun, it has the forms dem in the oblique case and deres in the genitive; as a determiner, it is uninflected)

  1. (personal pronoun) they (third-person plural)
  2. (personal pronoun, nonstandard) they (gender-neutral third-person singular)
  3. (determiner) those
    De kager smager ikke godt.
    Those cakes taste not good.
    • 2000, Mon farven har en anden lyd?: strejftog i 90'ernes musikliv og ungdomskultur i Danmark, Museum Tusculanum Press →ISBN, page 90
      De huse er meget store, både som sommerhuse og som helårshuse for de gamle hvis de flytter tilbage som pensionister uden børnene.
      Those houses are very large, both as summerhouses and all-year-houses for the old people, if they move back, being retired, without their children.
    • 2015, Lynne Graham, Claire Baxter, Den lunefulde kærlighed/Min bedste ven, min elskede, Förlaget Harlequin AB →ISBN
      De borde var normalt forbeholdt VIP'erne og arrangørerne.
      Those tables were usually reserved for the VIP's and the arrangers.

See also edit

Dutch edit

Etymology edit

An unstressed variety of Middle Dutch die. See die for more information.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /də/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: de
  • Rhymes:

Article edit

de

  1. the (definite article, masculine and feminine singular, plural)
    De manThe man (masculine singular)
    De vrouwThe woman (feminine singular)
    Het boekThe book (neuter singular)
    De boekenThe books (neuter plural)
    De oude man en de zee.The old man and the sea.

Usage notes edit

  • Placed before masculine and feminine nouns in the singular and plural nouns of all genders, indicating a specific person or thing instead of a general case.

Inflection edit

Dutch definite article
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative de de het de
Genitive des der des der
Dative den der den den
Accusative den de het de

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Afrikaans: die
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: di
  • Jersey Dutch: de
  • Skepi Creole Dutch: di, de, the

Preposition edit

de

  1. (informal, in restricted contexts, mostly with "man") per
    Ze namen drie biertjes de man.They took three beers per person.
    We betaalden vijftien euro de neus.We paid fifteen euros per person.

See also edit

Anagrams edit

Esperanto edit

Etymology edit

From Latin , French de, Spanish de.

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

de

  1. from
    Mi ne aĉetas ion ajn de ĉi tiu vendejo!
    I don't buy anything at all from this store!
  2. of, possessed by
    La aŭto de Davido estas nigra.
    David's car is black.
  3. done, written or composed by
    Synonyms: far, fare de
    Ĉu vi havas esperantan tradukon de Drakulo de Bram Stoker?
    Do you have an Esperanto translation of Dracula by Bram Stoker?
    La viro estis mordita de hundo.
    The man was bitten by a dog.

Fala edit

Etymology edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese de, from Latin (of; from).

Preposition edit

de

  1. of
    • 2000, Domingo Frades Gaspar, Vamus a falal: Notas pâ coñocel y platical en nosa fala, Editora regional da Extremadura, Chapter 1: Lengua Española:
      Español falan millós de persoas.
      Millions of people speak Spanish.

Usage notes edit

References edit

  • Valeš, Miroslav (2021) Diccionariu de A Fala: lagarteiru, mañegu, valverdeñu (web)[5], 2nd edition, Minde, Portugal: CIDLeS, published 2022, →ISBN

Faroese edit

Noun edit

de n (genitive singular des, plural de)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter D.

Declension edit

Declension of de
n4 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative de deið de deini
accusative de deið de deini
dative de, dei denum deum deunum
genitive des desins dea deanna

See also edit

French edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle French de, from Old French de, from Latin .

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

de

  1. of (expresses belonging)
    Paris est la capitale de la France.Paris is the capital of France.
    • 1837, Louis Viardot, chapter I, in L’Ingénieux Hidalgo Don Quichotte de la Manchefr.Wikisource, translation of El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha by Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra:
      Dans une bourgade de la Manche, dont je ne veux pas me rappeler le nom, vivait, il n’y a pas longtemps, un hidalgo ....
      In a village of La Mancha, whose name I do not want to remember, lived, not long ago, an hidalgo ....
  2. of (used to express property or association)
    Œuvres de FermatFermat’s Works
    Elle est la femme de mon ami.She is my friend’s wife.
    le voisin de GabrielGabriel's neighbor
  3. from (used to indicate origin)
    Elle vient de France.She comes from France.
    Êtes-vous de Suisse ?Are you from Switzerland?
    Ce fromage vient d’Espagne.This cheese is from Spain.
    C’est de l’ouest de la France.It’s from the west of France.
    Le train va de Paris à Bordeaux.The train goes from Paris to Bordeaux.
  4. of (indicates an amount)
    5 kilos de pommes.5 kilograms of apples.
    Un verre de vinA glass of wine
    Une portion de fritesA portion of fries
  5. used attributively, often translated into English as a compound word
    Un jus de pommeApple juice
    Un verre de vinA glass of wine
    Une boîte de nuitA nightclub
    Un chien de gardeA guarddog
    Une voiture de sportA sportscar
    Un stade de footballA football stadium
  6. from (used to indicate the start of a time or range)
    De 9:00 à 11:00 je ne serai pas libre.From 9 to 11 I won’t be free.
    Je travaille de huit heures à midi.I work from 8 o'clock to noon.
    un groupe de cinq à huit personnesa group of [from] five to eight people
  7. used after certain verbs before an infinitive, often translated into English as a gerund or an infinitive
    J’ai arrêté de fumer.I stopped smoking.
    Il continue de m’embêter.He keeps annoying me.
    Elle m’a dit de venir.She told me to come.
    Nous vous exhortons de venir.We urge you to come.
  8. by (indicates the amount of change)
    Boire trois tasses par jour réduirait de 20 % les risques de contracter une maladie.Drinking three cups a day would reduce the risks of catching an illness by 20%.
Usage notes edit

Before a word beginning with a vowel sound, de elides to d’. Before the article le, it contracts with the article into du. Before the article les, it contracts with the article into des.

Le Songe d’une nuit d’été’A Midsummer Night’s Dream (literally, “The Dream of a night of summer”)
La queue du chienThe dog’s tail
Index des auteursIndex of the authors

Article edit

de (indefinite)

  1. Used in the plural with prepositioned adjectives.
    Ce sont de bons enfants.They are good children.
    Il y a d’autres exemples.There are other examples.
  2. Used in negated sentences with the grammatical object.
    Elle n’a pas de mère.She doesn’t have a mother.
    Il ne mange pas de viande.He doesn’t eat meat.
    Il n’y a pas de problèmes.There are no problems.
Usage notes edit
  • In negative sentences, de often replaces the indefinite (un, une and des) and partitive articles (du, de la, des). However, there are situations where the indefinite or partitive articles are retained. For example[1]:
    • when the nominal element is an attributive complement to the negated verb être
      Il n’est pas un menteur.He isn't a liar.
    • when the complement of the negated verb is followed by a contradistinctive element (not X, but Y)
      Il ne mange pas de viande.He doesn't eat meat.
      Il ne mange pas de la viande, mais du pain.He doesn't eat meat, but bread.
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

de f (plural des)

  1. Abbreviation of dame.
See also edit

References edit

Anagrams edit

Galician edit

Etymology edit

From Latin .

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

de

  1. of, from
    Veño de Lugo.
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)
  2. of; -'s (belonging to)
    Socorro é a avoa de Clara e de Daniel.
    Socorro is Clara and Daniel's grandmother

Usage notes edit

The preposition de contracts to d- before articles, before third-person tonic pronouns, and before the determiners algún and outro.

Derived terms edit

of/from + the
- Singular Plural
Masculine do dos
Feminine da das
of/from + third-person pronoun
- Singular Plural
Masculine del deles
Feminine dela delas

Further reading edit

Haitian Creole edit

Etymology edit

From French deux (two).

Pronunciation edit

Numeral edit

de

  1. two

Hungarian edit

Etymology edit

For the adverbial use, compare Polish ale.

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

de (not comparable)

  1. how!, very much
    Synonyms: (dated, poetic) be, milyen, mennyire
    De szép ez a ház!Oh, how beautiful that house is!

Conjunction edit

de

  1. but
    Synonyms: viszont, azonban, ám, ugyanakkor, ellenben
  2. (oh) yes!, surely! (used as a positive contradiction to a negative statement)
    Synonym: de igen
    Nem voltál itt! – De ott voltam.You weren’t here! – Yes I was!

Derived terms edit

Compound words
Expressions

See also edit

Further reading edit

  • (adverb): de in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • (conjunction): de in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • de in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (‘A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2024)

Hunsrik edit

Alternative forms edit

  • te (Wiesemann spelling system)

Etymology edit

From Middle High German der, from Old High German der, ther, replacing the original masculine and feminine nominative forms from Proto-Germanic *sa, by analogy with the adjective inflection.

Pronunciation edit

Article edit

de (definite)

  1. inflection of där:
    1. unstressed nominative/accusative singular masculine
    2. unstressed dative singular feminine
    3. unstressed dative plural all genders

Declension edit

Further reading edit

Ido edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French de and Spanish de.

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

de

  1. from (indicating departure, dependency, starting point, origin or derivation)
    Me kompris la frukti de la merkato.
    I bought the fruits from the market.
  2. of (with a noun: indicating measurement, quantity, amount, content)
    Me esis un de kin en la konkurso.
    I was one of five in the competition.
    Me prizas tre multe tasego de kafeo ye la matino.
    I really like a big cup of coffee in the morning.
  3. of (with an adjective: indicating measurement, dimension)
    Me havas tri boteli plena de aquo.
    I have three bottles of water.
  4. with a title of nobility
    Rejio de Anglia
    Queen of England

Antonyms edit

  • ad (to)
  • til (until, till)

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

  • di (of (indicates possession or association))
  • da (by)

Noun edit

de (plural de-i)

  1. The name of the Latin script letter D/d.

See also edit

See also edit

  • ek (out of, out from)

Indonesian edit

Etymology edit

From Dutch dee.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter D/d.

Synonyms edit

  • di (Standard Malay)

See also edit

Further reading edit

Interlingua edit

Preposition edit

de

  1. from
  2. since
  3. of
  4. with
  5. by means of
  6. to
  7. for

Irish edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Irish di (of, from).

Alternative forms edit

  • d’ (used before a vowel sound)

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /dʲɛ/, /dʲə/
  • (Galway) IPA(key): /ɡə/
  • (Ulster, colloquial) IPA(key): /ə/, (before ⟨a/á, o/ó, u/ú⟩) /ə.ɣ-/, (before ⟨e/é, i/í⟩) /ə.j-/[1]

Preposition edit

de (plus dative, triggers lenition, used only before consonant sounds)

  1. from
  2. of
Inflection edit
Derived terms edit

See also: Category:Irish phrasal verbs with particle (de)

Etymology 2 edit

From Old Irish de (of/from him).

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

de (emphatic desean)

  1. third-person singular masculine of de

References edit

  1. ^ Quiggin, E. C. (1906) A Dialect of Donegal, Cambridge University Press, page 73
  2. ^ Quiggin, E. C. (1906) A Dialect of Donegal, Cambridge University Press, page 19

Further reading edit

Italian edit

Contraction edit

de

  1. Apocopic form of del
    Michael Radford è il regista de "Il postino".Michael Radford is the director of "Il Postino".

Usage notes edit

De is used where del, della, etc, would ordinarily be used, but cannot be because the article is part of the title of a film, book, etc.

See also edit

Anagrams edit

Japanese edit

Romanization edit

de

  1. Rōmaji transcription of
  2. Rōmaji transcription of

Jersey Dutch edit

Etymology edit

From Dutch de (the). Cognates include Afrikaans die.

Pronunciation edit

Article edit

de

  1. the
    • 1912, Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsche taal— en letterkunde, volumes 31-32, page 309:
      De v'lôrene zön
      The prodigal (literally "lost") son

Ladin edit

Etymology edit

From Latin .

Preposition edit

de

  1. of, from

Derived terms edit

Ladino edit

Preposition edit

de (Latin spelling, Hebrew spellingדי⁩)

  1. of
    • 2019, Silvyo OVADYA, “Hanukah Alegre”, in Şalom Gazetesi[6]:
      Alhad la noche vamos a asender la primera kandela de muestras Hanukiyas.
      Sunday night we're going to light the first candle of our Hanukiyas.
  2. from

Lashi edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Lolo-Burmese [Term?], from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *daj (do, make). Cognates include Ao da (do) and Lahu te (do).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

de

  1. (transitive) to build

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

de

  1. wealth

References edit

  • Hkaw Luk (2017) A grammatical sketch of Lacid[7], Chiang Mai: Payap University (master thesis)

Latin edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Etruscan. Etruscan names of stops were the stop followed by /eː/.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

 f (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the letter D.
Coordinate terms edit

References edit

  • de in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • de in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • de in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • de in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[8], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the vegetable kingdom: arbores stirpesque, herbae stirpesque (De Fin. 5. 11. 33)
    • to take root: radices agere (De Off. 2. 12. 73)
    • to be struck by lightning: de caelo tangi, percuti
    • to turn aside from the right way; to deviate: de via declinare, deflectere (also metaphorically)
    • make way for any one: (de via) decedere alicui
    • weary with travelling; way-worn: fessus de via
    • to leave a place: discedere a, de, ex loco aliquo
    • to quit a place for ever: decedere loco, de, ex loco
    • to throw oneself from the ramparts: se deicere de muro
    • to throw some one down the Tarpeian rock: deicere aliquem de saxo Tarpeio
    • while it is still night, day: de nocte, de die
    • late at night: multa de nocte
    • a fine, practised ear: aures elegantes, teretes, tritae (De Or. 9. 27)
    • to pass a thing from hand to hand: de manu in manus or per manus tradere aliquid
    • to wrest from a person's hand: ex or de manibus alicui or alicuius extorquere aliquid
    • to slip, escape from the hands: e (de) manibus effugere, elābi
    • the world of sense, the visible world: res sensibus or oculis subiectae (De Fin. 5. 12. 36)
    • to free one's mind from the influences of the senses: sevocare mentem a sensibus (De Nat. D. 3. 8. 21)
    • from one's entry into civil life: ab ineunte (prima) aetate (De Or. 1. 21. 97)
    • to dream of a person: somniare de aliquo
    • to depart this life: (de) vita decedere or merely decedere
    • to depart this life: de vita exire, de (ex) vita migrare
    • to remove a person: e or de medio tollere
    • I'm undone! it's all up with me: perii! actum est de me! (Ter. Ad. 3. 2. 26)
    • for valid reasons: iustis de causis
    • to comfort a man in a matter; to condole with him: consolari aliquem de aliqua re
    • to deserve well at some one's hands; to do a service to..: bene, praeclare (melius, optime) mereri de aliquo
    • to deserve ill of a person; to treat badly: male mereri de aliquo
    • to expostulate with a person about a thing: conqueri, expostulare cum aliquo de aliqua re
    • to inform a person: certiorem facere aliquem (alicuius rei or de aliqua re)
    • to mention a thing: mentionem facere alicuius rei or de aliqua re
    • to mention a thing incidentally, casually: mentionem inicere de aliqua re or Acc. c. Inf.
    • to detract from a person's reputation, wilfully underestimate a person: de gloria, fama alicuius detrahere
    • to have a good or bad reputation, be spoken well, ill of: bona, mala existimatio est de aliquo
    • to do work (especially agricultural): opus facere (De Senect. 7. 24)
    • to exert oneself very considerably in a matter: desudare et elaborare in aliqua re (De Senect. 11. 38)
    • to study the commonplace: cogitationes in res humiles abicere (De Amic. 9. 32) (Opp. alte spectare, ad altiora tendere, altum, magnificum, divinum suspicere)
    • vague, undeveloped ideas: intellegentiae adumbratae or incohatae (De Leg. 1. 22. 59)
    • to give up one's opinion: de sententia sua decedere
    • to give up one's opinion: (de) sententia desistere
    • to be forced to change one's mind: de sententia deici, depelli, deterreri
    • to make a man change his opinion: de sententia aliquem deducere, movere
    • to judge others by oneself: de se (ex se de aliis) coniecturam facere
    • to form a plan, make a resolution: consilium capere, inire (de aliqua re, with Gen. gerund., with Inf., more rarely ut)
    • to deliberate together (of a number of people): consilium habere (de aliqua re)
    • to deliberate, consider (of individuals): consultare or deliberare (de aliqua re)
    • designedly; intentionally: de industria, dedita opera (opp. imprudens)
    • from memory; by heart: ex memoria (opp. de scripto)
    • to reduce a thing to its theoretical principles; to apply theory to a thing: ad artem, ad rationem revocare aliquid (De Or. 2. 11. 44)
    • to apply oneself very closely to literary, scientific work: in litteris elaborare (De Sen. 8. 26)
    • to be a man of great learning: doctrina abundare (De Or. 3. 16. 59)
    • abstruse studies: studia, quae in reconditis artibus versantur (De Or. 1. 2. 8)
    • to have a thorough grasp of a subject: penitus percipere et comprehendere aliquid (De Or. 1. 23. 108)
    • for a Roman he is decidedly well educated: sunt in illo, ut in homine Romano, multae litterae (De Sen. 4. 12)
    • to civilise men, a nation: homines, gentem a fera agrestique vita ad humanum cultum civilemque deducere (De Or. 1. 8. 33)
    • to obtain a result in something: aliquid efficere, consequi in aliqua re (De Or. 1. 33. 152)
    • he is a young man of great promise: adulescens alios bene de se sperare iubet, bonam spem ostendit or alii de adulescente bene sperare possunt
    • to take a lesson from some one's example: sibi exemplum sumere ex aliquo or exemplum capere de aliquo
    • to give advice, directions, about a matter: praecepta dare, tradere de aliqua re
    • Cicero's philosophical writings: Ciceronis de philosophia libri
    • Solon, one of the seven sages: Solo, unus de septem (illis)
    • to teac: tradere (aliquid de aliqua re)
    • dialectical nicety: disserendi subtilitas (De Or. 1. 1. 68)
    • moral science; ethics: philosophia, quae est de vita et moribus (Acad. 1. 5. 19)
    • moral science; ethics: philosophia, in qua de bonis rebus et malis, deque hominum vita et moribus disputatur
    • to systematise: ad rationem, ad artem et praecepta revocare aliquid (De Or. 1. 41)
    • to determine the nature and constitution of the subject under discussion: constituere, quid et quale sit, de quo disputetur
    • the points on which proofs are based; the grounds of proof: loci (τόποι) argumentorum (De Or. 2. 162)
    • to discuss, investigate a subject scientifically: disputare (de aliqua re, ad aliquid)
    • to discuss both sides of a question: in utramque partem, in contrarias partes disputare (De Or. 1. 34)
    • to be contested, become the subject of debate: in controversiam vocari, adduci, venire (De Or. 2. 72. 291)
    • the point at issue: id, de quo agitur or id quod cadit in controversiam
    • a twofold tradition prevails on this subject: duplex est memoria de aliqua re
    • to write poetry with facility: carmina , versus fundere (De Or. 3. 50)
    • to learn to play a stringed instrument: fidibus discere (De Sen. 8. 26)
    • the melody: modi (De Or. 1. 42. 187)
    • the art of painting: ars pingendi, pictura (De Or. 2. 16. 69)
    • the dramatic art: ars ludicra (De Or. 2. 20. 84)
    • to retire from the stage: de scaena decedere
    • to be fluent: disertum esse (De Or. 1. 21. 94)
    • to be a capable, finished speaker: eloquentem esse (De Or. 1. 21. 94)
    • flow of oratory: flumen orationis (De Or. 2. 15. 62)
    • incorrect language: oratio inquinata (De Opt. Gen. Or. 3. 7)
    • flowers of rhetoric; embellishments of style: lumina, flores dicendi (De Or. 3. 25. 96)
    • to give an account of a thing (either orally or in writing): exponere aliquid or de aliqua re
    • to make a character-sketch of a person: de ingenio moribusque alicuius exponere
    • graphic depiction: rerum sub aspectum paene subiectio (De Or. 3. 53. 202)
    • to go deeply into a matter, discuss it fully: multum, nimium esse (in aliqua re) (De Or. 2. 4. 17)
    • to speak at great length on a subject, discuss very fully: fusius, uberius, copiosius disputare, dicere de aliqua re
    • to interpolate, insert something: interponere aliquid (De Am. 1. 3)
    • to digress, deviate: digredi (a proposito) (De Or. 2. 77. 311)
    • a rather recondite speech: oratio longius repetita (De Or. 3. 24. 91)
    • to read a speech: de scripto orationem habere, dicere (opp. sine scripto, ex memoria)
    • the arrangement of the subject-matter: dispositio rerum (De Inv. 1. 7. 9)
    • to set some one a theme for discussion: ponere alicui, de quo disputet
    • to let those present fix any subject they like for discussion: ponere iubere, qua de re quis audire velit (Fin. 2. 1. 1)
    • the question at issue: res, de qua nunc quaerimus, quaeritur
    • to answer every question: percontanti non deesse (De Or. 1. 21. 97)
    • a far-fetched joke: arcessitum dictum (De Or. 2. 63. 256)
    • to be silly, without tact: ineptum esse (De Or. 2. 4. 17)
    • to be united by having a common language: eiusdem linguae societate coniunctum esse cum aliquo (De Or. 3. 59. 223)
    • to translate from Plato: ab or de (not ex) Platone vertere, convertere, transferre
    • a linguist, philologian: grammaticus (De Or. 1. 3. 10)
    • to employ carefully chosen expressions: lectissimis verbis uti (De Or. 3. 37)
    • to say not a syllable about a person: ne verbum (without unum) quidem de aliquo facere
    • to speak on a subject: verba facere (de aliqua re, apud aliquem)
    • to begin with a long syllable: oriri a longa (De Or. 1. 55. 236)
    • to compose, compile a book: librum conficere, componere (De Sen. 1. 2)
    • there exists a book on..: est liber de...
    • the book treats of friendship: hic liber est de amicitia (not agit) or hoc libro agitur de am.
    • to lay down a book (vid. sect. XII. 3, note vestem deponere...): librum de manibus ponere
    • humour; disposition: animi affectio or habitus (De Inv. 2. 5)
    • I am pained, vexed, sorry: doleo aliquid, aliqua re, de and ex aliqua re
    • not to trouble oneself about a thing: non laborare de aliqua re
    • to disconcert a person: animum alicuius de statu, de gradu demovere (more strongly depellere, deturbare)
    • to lose one's composure; to be disconcerted: de statu suo or mentis deici (Att. 16. 15)
    • to lose one's composure; to be disconcerted: de gradu deici, ut dicitur
    • what will become of me: quid (de) me fiet? (Ter. Heaut. 4. 3. 37)
    • it's all over with me; I'm a lost man: actum est de me
    • to hope well of a person: bene, optime (meliora) sperare de aliquo (Nep. Milt. 1. 1)
    • to fulfil expectation: exspectationem explere (De Or. 1. 47. 205)
    • to be touched with pity: misericordia moveri, capi (De Or. 2. 47)
    • to have enthusiasm for a person or thing: studio ardere alicuius or alicuius rei (De Or. 2. 1. 1)
    • to undermine a person's loyalty: de fide deducere or a fide abducere aliquem
    • to make a thing credible: fidem facere, afferre alicui rei (opp. demere, de-, abrogare fidem)
    • to be answerable for a person, a thing: praestare aliquem, aliquid, de aliqua re or Acc. c. Inf.
    • to suspect a person: suspicionem habere de aliquo
    • to be separated by a deadly hatred: capitali odio dissidere ab aliquo (De Am. 1. 2)
    • to vent one's anger, spite on some one: virus acerbitatis suae effundere in aliquem (De Amic. 23. 87)
    • his vices betray themselves: vitia erumpunt (in aliquem) (De Amic. 21. 76)
    • to give some one satisfaction for an injury: satisfacere alicui pro (de) iniuriis
    • apparently; to look at: specie (De Amic. 13. 47)
    • to neglect one's duty: de, ab officio decedere
    • to follow one's inclinations: studiis suis obsequi (De Or. 1. 1. 3)
    • moral precepts: praecepta de moribus or de virtute
    • to give moral advice, rules of conduct: de virtute praecipere alicui
    • by divine inspiration (often = marvellously, excellently): divinitus (De Or. 1. 46. 202)
    • to observe the sky (i.e. the flight of birds, lightning, thunder, etc.: de caelo servare (Att. 4. 3. 3)
    • to escort a person from his house: deducere aliquem de domo
    • to be a strict disciplinarian in one's household: severum imperium in suis exercere, tenere (De Sen. 11. 37)
    • to dispossess a person: demovere, deicere aliquem de possessione
    • to live on one's means: de suo (opp. alieno) vivere
    • a sociable, affable disposition: facilitas, faciles mores (De Am. 3. 11)
    • to turn the conversation on to a certain subject: sermonem inferre de aliqua re
    • the conversation turned on..: sermo incidit de aliqua re
    • to converse, talk with a person on a subject: sermonem habere cum aliquo de aliqua re (De Am. 1. 3)
    • to exchange greetings: inter se consalutare (De Or. 2. 3. 13)
    • to congratulate a person on something: gratulari alicui aliquid or de aliqua re
    • to separate, be divorced (used of man or woman): nuntium remittere alicui (De Or. 1. 40)
    • disinherited: exheres paternorum bonorum (De Or. 1. 38. 175)
    • to introduce a thing into our customs; to familiarise us with a thing: in nostros mores inducere aliquid (De Or. 2. 28)
    • to transact, settle a matter with some one: transigere aliquid (de aliqua re) cum aliquo or inter se
    • to subtract something from the capital: de capite deducere (vid. sect. XII. 1, note Notice too...) aliquid
    • to demand an account, an audit of a matter: rationem ab aliquo reptere de aliqua re (Cluent. 37. 104)
    • credit has disappeared: fides (de foro) sublata est (Leg. Agr. 2. 3. 8)
    • to have pecuniary difficulties: laborare de pecunia
    • as you sow, so will you reap: ut sementem feceris, ita metes (proverb.) (De Or. 2. 65)
    • to plant trees: arbores serere (De Sen. 7. 24)
    • to have the good of the state at heart: bene, optime sentire de re publica
    • to have the good of the state at heart: omnia de re publica praeclara atque egregia sentire
    • the head of the state: rector civitatis (De Or. 1. 48. 211)
    • statesmanship; political wisdom: prudentia (civilis) (De Or. 1. 19. 85)
    • to foresee political events long before: longe prospicere futuros casus rei publicae (De Amic. 12. 40)
    • one of the people: homo plebeius, de plebe
    • one of the crowd; a mere individual: unus de or e multis
    • to overthrow a person (cf. sect. IX. 6): aliquem de dignitatis gradu demovere
    • to overthrow a person (cf. sect. IX. 6): aliquem gradu movere, depellere or de gradu (statu) deicere
    • deposed from one's high position: de principatu deiectus (B. G. 7. 63)
    • to contend with some one for the pre-eminence: contendere cum aliquo de principatu (Nep. Arist. 1)
    • to record in the official tablets (Annales maximi): in album referre (De Or. 2. 12. 52)
    • to have the same political opinions: idem de re publica sentire
    • to form a conspiracy: coniurare (inter se) de c. Gerund. or ut...
    • to banish a person, send him into exile: de, e civitate aliquem eicere
    • to expel a person from the city, country: exterminare (ex) urbe, de civitate aliquem (Mil. 37. 101)
    • a returning from exile to one's former privileges: postliminium (De Or. 1. 40. 181)
    • to shake hands with voters in canvassing: manus prensare (De Or. 1. 24. 112)
    • to give up, lay down office (usually at the end of one's term of office): de potestate decedere
    • men of rank and dignity: viri clari et honorati (De Sen. 7. 22)
    • a man who has held many offices: honoribus ac reipublicae muneribus perfunctus (De Or. 1. 45)
    • to offically proclaim (by the praeco, herald) a man elected consul; to return a man consul: aliquem consulem renuntiare (De Or. 2. 64. 260)
    • to consult the senators on a matter: patres (senatum) consulere de aliqua re (Sall. Iug. 28)
    • the senate inclines to the opinion, decides for..: senatus sententia inclīnat ad... (De Sen. 6. 16)
    • what is your opinion: quid de ea re fieri placet?
    • to waive one's right: de iure suo decedere or cedere
    • to hold an inquiry into a matter: quaerere aliquid or de aliqua re
    • to examine a person, a matter: quaestionem habere de aliquo, de aliqua re or in aliquem
    • to have a person tortured: quaerere tormentis de aliquo
    • to examine slaves by torture: de servis quaerere (in dominum)
    • counsel; advocate: patronus (causae) (De Or. 2. 69)
    • to strike a person's name off the list of the accused: eximere de reis aliquem
    • to accuse a person of extortion (to recover the sums extorted): postulare aliquem repetundarum or de repetundis
    • to accuse some one of illegal canvassing: accusare aliquem ambitus, de ambitu
    • to accuse a person of violence, poisoning: accusare aliquem de vi, de veneficiis
    • to decide on the conduct of the case: iudicare causam (de aliqua re)
    • to exact a penalty from some one: supplicium sumere de aliquo
    • to atone for something by..: luere aliquid aliqua re (De Sen. 20)
    • to execute the death-sentence on a person: supplicium sumere de aliquo
    • to congratulate a person on his victory: victoriam or de victoria gratulari alicui
    • to triumph over some one: triumphare de aliquo (ex bellis)
    • to triumph over some one: triumphum agere de or ex aliquo or c. Gen. (victoriae, pugnae)
    • to treat with some one about peace: agere cum aliquo de pace
    • to stop rowing; to easy: sustinere, inhibere remos (De Or. 1. 33)
    • to land, disembark: exire ex, de navi
    • not to mention..: ut non (nihil) dicam de...
    • this can be said of..., applies to..: hoc dici potest de aliqua re
    • I have a few words to say on this: mihi quaedam dicenda sunt de hac re
    • more of this another time: sed de hoc alias pluribus
    • so much for this subject...; enough has been said on..: atque haec quidem de...
    • so much for this subject...; enough has been said on..: ac (sed) de ... satis dixi, dictum est
    • I am sorry to hear..: male (opp. bene) narras (de)
    • but enough: sed manum de tabula!
  • de in Enrico Olivetti, editor (2003-2024) Dizionario Latino, Olivetti Media Communication
  • Arthur E. Gordon, The Letter Names of the Latin Alphabet (University of California Press, 1973; volume 9 of University of California Publications: Classical Studies), part III: “Summary of the Ancient Evidence”, page 32: "Clearly there is no question or doubt about the names of the vowels A, E, I, O, U. They are simply long A, long E, etc. (ā, ē, ī, ō, ū). Nor is there any uncertainty with respect to the six mutes B, C, D, G, P, T. Their names are bē, cē, dē, gē, pē, tē (each with a long E). Or about H, K, and Q: they are hā, kā, kū—each, again, with a long vowel sound."
  1. ^ (2012) The Unicode Consortium, The Unicode Standard: Version 6.1 – Core Specification. →ISBN, page 468; citing: (1985) Geoffrey Sampson, Writing Systems: A Linguistic Introduction, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. →ISBN.

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Italic *dē, from an instrumental singular form of Proto-Indo-European *de. Also in suffixes -dam, -dum, -de, -dō (e.g. quondam, inde, unde, quandō), dōnec, Ancient Greek δέ (), δή (dḗ), English to.

All 3 ablative senses are from the PIE ablative of cause, origin, and separation.

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

(+ ablative)

  1. of, concerning, about
    actum est de aliquoIt is over for someone, the fate of someone is sealed
    • (Can we date this quote?), Finnur Jónsson, Historia Ecclesiastica Islandiæ[9], page 1:
      De introductione religionis Christianæ in Islandiam.
      Of the introduction of Christianity to Iceland.
    De rebus mathematicis.Concerning mathematical things.
  2. from, away from, down from, out of; in general to indicate the person or place from which any thing is taken, etc., with verbs of taking away, depriving, demanding, requesting, inquiring, buying; as capere, sumere, emere, quaerere, discere, trahere, etc., and their compounds.
    Emere de aliquo.To buy from someone.
    Aliquid mercari de aliquo.To buy something from someone.
    De aliquo quaerere, quid, etc., CTo search for someone.
    Saepe hoc audivi de patre.I have often heard this from father.
    De mausoleo exaudita vox est.A voice was heard from the mausoleum.
    Ut sibi liceret discere id de me.Just as he himself permitted for me to learn.
    Hamum de cubiculo ut e navicula jacere.(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    Brassica de capite et de oculis omnia (mala) deducet.(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    De digito anulum detraho.From the finger I pull the ring.
    De matris complexu aliquem avellere atque abstrahere.(please add an English translation of this usage example) (literally, “I rip someone away from the embrace of their mother and drag them away.”)
    Nomen suum de tabula sustulit.He removed his name from the tablet.
    Ferrum de manibus extorsimus.We tore the sword from their hands.
    Juris utilitas vel a peritis vel de libris depromi potest.The utility of a law is able to be produced either from an expert or from books.
    De caelo aliquid demittere.To bring down something from the sky.
    1. with petere, of a place
      De vicino terra petita solo.(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    2. (Late Latin) of persons
      Peto de te.I beg of thee.
  3. from, away from, to indicate the place from which someone or something departs or withdraws.
    Animam de corpore mitto.I release the spirit from the body.
    Aliquo quom jam sucus de corpore cessit.Somehow the spirit has already passed somewhere from the body.
    Civitati persuasit, ut de finibus suis cum omnibus copiis exirent.He persuaded the people to go forth from their territories with all their possessions.
    Decedere de provincia.To retire from office.
    De vita decedere.To withdraw from life
    Exire de vita.to exit out of life. (compare excedere e vita)
    De triclinio, de cubiculo exire.To go out from the triclinium, from the cubiculum.
    De castris procedere.To proceed out of the military camps.
    ...decido de lecto praeceps.I fall down from the bed headlong.
    De muro se deicere.To throw oneself down from the wall.
    De sella exsilire.To jump from the stool.
    Nec ex equo vel de muro etc., hostem destinare.To aim at the enemy from neither the horse nor the wall.
    De altera parte tertia Sequanos decedere juberet.He ordered the Sequani to withdraw from another third part.
  4. (particularly coins) over, in reference to the people subjugated when celebrating a Roman victory
    De Germanis
    Over the Germans
    De Britannis
    Over the Britons
Usage notes edit
  • denotes the going out, departure, removal, or separating of an object from any fixed point (it occupies a middle place between ab (away from) which denotes a mere external departure, and ex (out of) which signifies from the interior of a thing). Hence verbs compounded with are constructed not only with , but quite as frequently with ab and ex; and, on the other hand, those compounded with ab and ex often have the terminus a quo indicated by .
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit

Ligurian edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Latin .

Preposition edit

de

  1. of
  2. from
de + article Combined form
de + o do
de + a da
de + i di
de + e de

Etymology 2 edit

de (of, from, preposition) + e (the (fem. plur.), article)

Contraction edit

de

  1. of the, from the (followed by a plural feminine noun)

Louisiana Creole edit

Louisiana Creole cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : de
    Ordinal : sègon
    Multiplier : doub
    Collective : toulédé

Etymology edit

Inherited from French deux (two).

Pronunciation edit

Numeral edit

de

  1. Alternative form of (two)

Low German edit

Alternative forms edit

  • dee (for the pronoun)
  • dei
  • de, (´ denoting a raising of the voice), (` denoting a swallow up or shorting) (all three used together; Grafschaft Bentheim)

Etymology edit

From Middle Low German , from Old Saxon thē.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /deː/, /deɪ/, /dɛɪ̯/

Article edit

de m or f (neuter dat, plural de)

  1. the
    De Mann gat hen.The man walks [lit. goes] there.
    De Fru geiht hen.The woman walks [lit. goes] there.
    dat Sakramänt der Eihe (Paderbornisch)the sacrament of marriage

Usage notes edit

  • Dative and accusative are sometimes called 'object case'. However, most (if not all) dialects have not actually merged these two.
  • There is the only plural article and like English 'the' is used for nouns of every gender and class. Indefinite nouns in plural are used without article, again as in English.

Declension edit

Sg. m. Sg. f. Sg. n. Pl.
Nom. de de dat de
Gen. des der der
Dat. dem
den
der
de
den
Acc. den de dat de

Pronoun edit

de m or f (neuter dat)

  1. (relative) which, that
    de Mann, de dår güngthe man, which walked there
    de Mann, den wi hüert häbbenthe man, which we hired
    de Fru, de wi hüert hębbenthe woman, which we have hired
    dat Schipp, dat wi sailt hębbenthe ship that we have sailed

Usage notes edit

  • The use as a relative pronoun might not be present in all dialects.

Declension edit

Sg. m. Sg. f. Sg. n. Pl.
Nom. de de dat de
Gen.
Dat.
Acc. den de dat de

Luxembourgish edit

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

de

  1. unstressed form of du

Declension edit

Mandarin edit

Romanization edit

de (de5de0, Zhuyin ˙ㄉㄜ)

  1. Hanyu Pinyin reading of
  2. Hanyu Pinyin reading of
  3. Hanyu Pinyin reading of
  4. Hanyu Pinyin reading of
  5. Hanyu Pinyin reading of
  6. Hanyu Pinyin reading of 𠵨
  7. Hanyu Pinyin reading of

Romanization edit

de

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .
  2. Nonstandard spelling of .
  3. Nonstandard spelling of .
  4. Nonstandard spelling of dê̄.

Usage notes edit

  • Transcriptions of Mandarin into the Latin script often do not distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without indication of tone.

Mauritian Creole edit

Mauritian Creole cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : de
    Ordinal : deziem
    Adverbial : ledoub

Etymology edit

From French deux.

Pronunciation edit

Numeral edit

de

  1. two

Derived terms edit

Middle Dutch edit

Article edit

de

  1. inflection of die:
    1. masculine nominative singular
    2. feminine nominative/accusative singular
    3. nominative/accusative plural

Middle English edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronoun edit

de

  1. Alternative form of þe (thee)

Etymology 2 edit

Noun edit

de

  1. Alternative form of dee

Middle French edit

Preposition edit

de

  1. of
  2. from

Mirandese edit

Etymology edit

From Latin .

Preposition edit

de

  1. of, from
    Pertual ye un paíç localizado ne l sudoeste de la Ouropa.Portugal is a country located in the south-west of Europe.

Mòcheno edit

Etymology edit

From Middle High German diu, from Old High German diu, from Proto-Germanic *þō, an alteration of *sō. Cognate with German die, obsolete English tho.

Article edit

de (singular masculine der, singular neuter s)

  1. the, nominative singular feminine definite article
  2. the, nominative plural definite article

References edit

Northern Kurdish edit

Postposition edit

de

  1. an element of several circumpositions

Related terms edit

Northern Ndebele edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Bantu *-dàì.

Adjective edit

-de

  1. tall

Inflection edit

Adjective concord, tone L
Modifier Copulative
1st singular engimude ngimude
2nd singular omude umude
1st plural esibade sibade
2nd plural elibade libade
Class 1 omude mude
Class 2 abade bade
Class 3 omude mude
Class 4 emide mide
Class 5 elide lide
Class 6 amade made
Class 7 eside side
Class 8 ezinde zinde
Class 9 ende inde
Class 10 ezinde zinde
Class 11 olude lude
Class 14 obude bude
Class 15 okude kude
Class 17 okude kude

Northern Sami edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

de

  1. then, after that
  2. then, in that case

Further reading edit

  • Koponen, Eino; Ruppel, Klaas; Aapala, Kirsti, editors (2002–2008) Álgu database: Etymological database of the Saami languages[10], Helsinki: Research Institute for the Languages of Finland

Adverb edit

de

  1. yes

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Pronunciation edit

Article edit

de

  1. definite article, equivalent to "the", used before adjectives used with plural nouns; also used before adjectives converted to nouns. Usually capitalised as "De" when used in proper nouns.

Related terms edit

Pronoun edit

de (accusative dem, genitive deres)

  1. they
  2. those

See also edit

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Norse þér, ér and þit, it. From a variant of Proto-Germanic *jūz, from Proto-Indo-European *yū́.

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

de (objective case dykk, possessive dykkar)

  1. you (second-person plural)
Synonyms edit

See also edit


Etymology 2 edit

From French de, Latin .

Preposition edit

de

  1. used in set expressions (such as de jure); translates to "from" and "of"

Etymology 3 edit

Pronoun edit

de

  1. (Midlandsnormalen or eye dialect) alternative spelling of det n (that, it)

Article edit

de n

  1. (Midlandsnormalen or eye dialect) alternative spelling of det n (that, it)

Etymology 4 edit

Pronoun edit

de

  1. (dialectal or eye dialect, Trøndelag, Eastern Norway) pronunciation spelling of deg

References edit

  • “de” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.
  • “de” in Ivar Aasen (1873) Norsk Ordbog med dansk Forklaring
  • Ivar Aasen (1850), “did”, in Ordbog over det norske Folkesprog, Oslo: Samlaget, published 2000

Nupe edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

de

  1. to have
    Mi de etun àI don't have a job

Occitan edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Latin .

Preposition edit

de

  1. of
  2. from
Alternative forms edit
  • d' (before a vowel)

Etymology 2 edit

Noun edit

de f (plural des)

  1. dee (the letter d, D)

Old French edit

Etymology edit

Latin .

Preposition edit

de

  1. of
  2. from

Usage notes edit

  • before a vowel, either remains as a separate word or becomes d'

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Middle French: de
    • French: de

Old Galician-Portuguese edit

Alternative forms edit

  • d- (elided form when followed by a word which begins with a vowel)
  • D- (elided form when followed by a capitalised word which begins with a vowel)

Etymology edit

From Latin (of; from).

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

de

  1. of

Descendants edit

  • Fala: de
  • Galician: de
  • Portuguese: de

Old Irish edit

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

de

  1. Alternative form of di (of, from)
    • c. 845, St Gall Glosses on Priscian, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1975, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. II, pp. 49–224, Sg. 26b7
      De dliguth trá inna n-il-toimdden sin, is de gaibthi “igitur”; quasi dixisset “Ní fail ní nád taí mo dligeth-sa fair i ndegaid na comroircnech.”
      Of the law then, of those many opinions, it is thereof that he recites “igitur”; as if he had said, “There is nothing which my law does not touch upon after the erroneous ones.

Pronoun edit

de

  1. third-person singular masculine/neuter of di (of, from)
    • c. 845, St Gall Glosses on Priscian, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1975, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. II, pp. 49–224, Sg. 26b7
      De dliguth trá inna n-il-toimdden sin, is de gaibthi “igitur”; quasi dixisset “Ní fail ní nád taí mo dligeth-sa fair i ndegaid na comroircnech.”
      Of the law then, of those many opinions, it is thereof that he recites “igitur”; as if he had said, “There is nothing which my law does not touch upon after the erroneous ones.
  2. Used after the comparative degree of an adjective in the meaning of English the before a comparative
    lía dethe more (literally, “more of it”)
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 23d23
      Cía thés hí loc bes ardu, ní ardu de; ní samlid són dúnni, air ⟨im⟩mi ardu-ni de tri dul isna lucu arda.
      Though he may go into a higher place, he is not the higher; this is not the case for us, for we are the higher through going into the high places.
      (literally, “Though he may go into a place that is higher, he is not higher of it; this is not thus for us, for we are higher of it through going into the high places.”)

Old Occitan edit

Etymology edit

From Latin .

Preposition edit

de

  1. of
  2. from

Pennsylvania German edit

Etymology edit

Compare German den.

Pronunciation edit

Article edit

de pl (definite)

  1. dative plural of der (the)

Declension edit

Pennsylvania German definite articles
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative der die es die
Dative dem or em der dem or em de
Accusative der or den die es die

Pronoun edit

de

  1. you

Declension edit

Phalura edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

de (auxiliary, Perso-Arabic spellingدےۡ⁩)

  1. Past tense marker

References edit

  • Liljegren, Henrik; Haider, Naseem (2011) Palula Vocabulary (FLI Language and Culture Series; 7)‎[11], Islamabad, Pakistan: Forum for Language Initiatives, →ISBN

Polish edit

Etymology edit

From the first letter of dupa.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

de n (indeclinable)

  1. (minced oath) ass, arse, butt

Further reading edit

  • de in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese edit

Alternative forms edit

  • d' (archaic, except for fixed terms)

Etymology edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese de (of), from Latin (of).

Pronunciation edit

 

  • (Nordestino) IPA(key): /di/
  • (Caipira) IPA(key): /di/
  • Hyphenation: de

Preposition edit

de

  1. of (in relation to)
    os amigos dele
    his friends
    (literally, “the friends of him”)
    1. of (forms compounds; often untranslated)
      fones de ouvido
      headphones
      (literally, “phones of ear”)
      acampamento de verão
      summer camp
    2. of; about (on the subject of)
      Do que estavam falando?
      What were they talking about?
    3. of; -'s (belonging to)
      a casa de alguém
      someone's house
    4. -'s (made by)
      Você provou o bolo da minha mãe?
      Have you tried my mother’s cake?
    5. of (being a part of)
      capa do livro
      cover of the book
    6. of (introduces the month a given day is part of)
      Primeiro de janeiro.
      First of January.
    7. of (introduces the object of an agent noun)
      Hitler foi um exterminador de judeus.
      Hitler was an exterminator of Jews.
    8. of (introduces the name of a place following its hypernym)
      A vila de Iorque.
      The village of York.
  2. of; -en (made or consisting of)
    De que é feito?
    What is this made of?
    (literally, “Of what is made this?”)
    1. -long (having the duration of)
      um filme de duas horas
      a two hour-long movie
    2. of (indicates the composition of a given collective or quantitative noun)
      Milhares de pessoas vieram.
      Thousands of people came.
    3. of (characterised by; having the given quality)
      O templo não é mais um local de paz.
      The temple is no longer a place of peace.
  3. of (introduces the noun that applies a given adjective or past participle)
    Um balde cheio de água.
    A bucket full of water.
  4. from (born in or coming out of)
    De onde você é?
    Where are you from?
  5. by means of; by
    Eu sempre vou trabalhar de ônibus.
    I always go to work by bus.
  6. as (in the role of)
    Na festa, ele estava de bruxo.
    At the party, he was dressed as a wizard.
  7. in (wearing)
    Homens de Preto
    Men in Black

Usage notes edit

When followed by an article, a pronoun, a demonstrative pronoun or adjective, or an adverb denoting location, de is combined with the next word to give the following combined forms:

Quotations edit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:de.

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin .

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

de

  1. (informal or literary) Synonym of dacă (if)
  2. (with the optative mood) if only
  3. (informal) to the effect that
    Synonyms: încât, (colloquial)
    Mașina a demarat de i-au scârțâit cauciucurile.
    The car sped off [so fast] that its tyres screeched.
    Am așteptat de m-am plictisit.
    I waited [so much] that I got bored.
    Cum a jucat echipa de a pierdut așa de rău?
    How did the team play to lose so badly?
    Am dovleac de nu știu ce să fac cu el.
    I have [so much] squash that I don’t know what to do with it.

Usage notes edit

In the meaning of “if”, de is not typically directly followed by any word other than a verb, a pronoun (accusative or reflexive, but not nominative) or the word nu (no). The more common and style-neutral dacă is under no such restrictions.

As an informal synonym of încât, de can only be used in simple constructions and without any coordinative adverbs (atât, așa). Thus, it can be used in the sentence Vântul bate de ridică praful (The wind blows [so hard] it raises dust), but not if the first half were Vântul bate atât de tare. Conversely, încât and would not be used in such simple sentences.

Preposition edit

de (+accusative)

  1. of
    Beau o ceașcă de ceai.
    I’m drinking a cup of tea.
    Este profesor de matematică
    He’s a teacher of mathematics.
  2. for (intended for a certain destination)
    În magazin hainele de bărbați sunt în stânga, iar cele de femei în dreapta.
    In the shop, men’s clothes are on the left, while women’s are on the right.
    Ai cizme de lucru?Do you have work boots?
  3. (only before spatial adverbs and prepositions) from
    Stația nu este departe de aici.
    The station is not far from here.
    Apa picură de sus.
    The water drips from above.
    Sunetul trebuie să vină de altundeva.
    The sound must be coming from somewhere else.
    Gloanțele acestea nu sunt bune decât de aproape.
    These bullets are only good from a short distance.
    Ia plasa de lângă radiator! O să se topească!
    Take the bag away from near the heater! It will melt!
    O foaie de hârtie poate fi trasă repede de sub un pahar.
    A sheet of paper can be quickly pulled from under a glass.
  4. Marks the point of action of a force of grip: by.
    Nu lua iepurele de urechi.Grab not the rabbit by the ears.
    Plăcile se prind numai de margini.Vinyls are held by the edges only.
    L-a mușcat câinele de mână.The dog bit him by the hand.
  5. Introduces the doer of a passive verb or participle: by.
    Asta e mâncare făcută de mine.This is food made by me.
    Avionul este acum controlat de autopilot.
    The plane is now controlled by the autopilot.
  6. Introduces the author of a work: by.
  7. Connects a cardinal numeral who is a multiple of 100 or whose tens are greater than 1 to the determinated noun.
    Suma este de două sute șaisprezece lei și patruzeci și patru de bani.
    The sum is 216 lei and 44 bani.
  8. Forms an adverbial numeral with ori or dăți.
    De câte ori a bătut ceasul? De șase ori.
    How many times did the pendulum clock strike? Six times.
  9. Precedes numbers and letters when they are themselves counted.
    Dacă ai un opt, o să îți trebuiască trei de zece ca să îți iasă media zece.
    If you have a grade of 8 (equivalent of a B), you’ll need three 10s (equivalent of an A) to still get an average grade of 10.
    „Nu fi” nu se scrie cu doi de i, ci cu unul.
    Nu fi (don’t be) isn’t written with two i’s, but with one.
  10. Connects most adverbs other than some basic ones to the determinated adjectives or adverbs.
    Motocicleta merge destul de repede.The motorbike is going pretty fast.
    Casa aceasta are o culoare nepotrivit de intensă.
    This house has an inappropriately bright colour.
  11. (only before numerals, designations of time, or the word atât) Synonym of decât (than).
    Război și pace are mai mult de o mie de pagini.
    War and Peace has more than a thousand pages.
    A trecut mai puțin de jumătate din vacanță.
    Less than half of summer break has passed.
    Nu se poate mai devreme de luna viitoare.
    It isn’t possible any earlier than next month.
    Poți chiar mai bine de atât.
    You can do even better than that.
  12. Marks the starting point of a state or recurring event: since, starting, as of.
    de acum încolofrom now on
    Curentul e tăiat de ieri.
    The power is cut since yesterday.
    Noii angajați încep de săptămâna viitoare serviciul.
    The new employees are beginning work starting next week.
  13. Marks the duration of a state or recurring event persisting to the present: for, in
    Compania noastră este prezentă în România de șase ani.
    Our company has been present in Romania for six years.
    Nu te-am mai văzut de multă vreme.
    I haven’t seen you in a long time.
  14. (informal) Synonym of despre (about, of)
    Ce știe lumea de economie?
    What do people know about economy?
    Tocmai vorbeam de tine.
    We were just talking about you.
    Nimeni nu auzise de internet pe atunci.
    Noone had heard of the internet back then.
  15. (informal) Connects an often negative qualifier to a noun or pronoun: of a.
    Aici stă un nesuferit de moș.Here lives a jerk of an old man.
    Prostul de mine, am uitat.Foolish me, I forgot.
  16. (only of festive dates) on
    De Anul Nou sau de 1 Mai se petrece.
    On New Year or May Day one celebrates.
    Mi-am luat concediu de ziua mea de naștere.
    On my birthday I took a day off.
  17. Indicates the recipients of an equal distribution: per.
    Rația e de 2 litri de apă de persoană.
    The ration is 2 litres of water per person.

Usage notes edit

In the sense of “from”, de must contract into în (in) to form din and into între (between) to form dintre.

When in a passive construction, de can be followed by către for clarification and to no change in meaning. This is typical of, but not restricted to, formal language.

The de that connects numerals to nouns may be omitted, but only in very formal, financial or legal language.

In the sense of “about”, it can only be used after a verb, and not copulatively (“is about”) or after a noun (“a discussion about”). Despre, however, can be used in any of these situations.

Derived terms edit

Pronoun edit

de m or f or n (indeclinable)

  1. (informal or regional) Relative pronoun: who, whom, to whom.
    Synonym: care

Usage notes edit

De can replace any form of care in the nominative, accusative and dative case.

  • Nominative: invitatul care a sosit — invitatul de a sosit (The guest who arrived)
  • Accusative: casa pe care o văd — casa de o văd (the house which I see)
  • Dative: unul căruia i-am plătit — unul de i-am plătit (one to whom I paid)

Genitive constructions cannot be expressed with de.

Replacement of accusative care preceded by a preposition is done with a resumption of the object: filmul la care ne-am uitat — filmul de ne-am uitat la el (the film we watched). Stylistically this is much less desirable.

References edit

Romansch edit

Alternative forms edit

  • (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Puter, Vallader) di
  • (Sursilvan, Sutsilvan) gi

Etymology edit

From Latin diēs.

Noun edit

de m (plural des)

  1. (Surmiran) day

Sardinian edit

Alternative forms edit

  • 'e (aphetic)
  • d' (apocopic)
  • di (Campidanese)

Etymology edit

From Latin , from Proto-Italic *dē, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *de.

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

de (Logudorese, Campidanese, Nuorese)

  1. Used to indicate possession, after the thing owned and before the owner; of; ’s
  2. from
  3. by, of, ’s
  4. than
  5. Used in superlative forms; in, of
  6. about, on, concerning
  7. Expresses composition; of, made of, in or more often omitted
  8. (followed by an infinitive) to or omitted
  9. Used in some expressions in a partitive-like function, often without article.

References edit

  • Rubattu, Antoninu (2006) Dizionario universale della lingua di Sardegna, 2nd edition, Sassari: Edes
  • Wagner, Max Leopold (1960–1964), “de”, in Dizionario etimologico sardo, Heidelberg

Saterland Frisian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /də/
  • Hyphenation: de

Article edit

de

  1. Unstressed form of die
  2. Unstressed form of ju
  3. Unstressed form of do

References edit

  • Pyt Kramer (1996) Kute Seelter Sproakleere[12], Mildam, page 10

Scottish Gaelic edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Old Irish di. Cognates include Irish de and Manx jeh.

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

de (+ dative, triggers lenition of consonants and Dh-prothesis of vowels, combined with the singular definite article dhen)

  1. of
  2. off

Usage notes edit

  • Before a word beginning with a vowel or fh, the form de dh' may be used:
    tha gràine de dh'airgead agamI have a little bit of money
  • In colloquial language and certain set phrases, the reduced form a may be used:
    chan eil càil a dh'fhios aigehe has no idea

Inflection edit

Personal inflection of de
Number Person Simple Emphatic
Singular 1st dhìom dhìomsa
2nd dhìot dhìotsa
3rd m dheth dhethsan
3rd f dhith dhithse
Plural 1st dhinn dhinne
2nd dhibh dhibhse
3rd dhiubh dhiubhsan

Derived terms edit

  • bhàrr (down from, from off)

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Slavic *kъdě, *kъde, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷu-dʰe.

Adverb edit

de (Cyrillic spelling де)

  1. (Kajkavian, regional) where

Pronoun edit

de (Cyrillic spelling де)

  1. (Kajkavian, regional) where

Synonyms edit

Seychellois Creole edit

Etymology edit

From French deux.

Numeral edit

de

  1. two

Southern Ndebele edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Bantu *-dàì.

Adjective edit

-de

  1. tall

Inflection edit

This entry needs an inflection-table template.

Spanish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): (after a pause, 'l', 'm', 'n' and 'ñ') /de/ [d̪e]
    • Syllabification: de
  • IPA(key): (elsewhere) /de/ [ð̞e̞]
  • Rhymes: -e
  • Homophone:

Etymology 1 edit

Noun edit

de f (plural des)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter D.

Etymology 2 edit

 
Spanish preposition “de” written as a ligature in capitals
 
Hand-painted preposition “DE” in the wild

From Latin .

Preposition edit

de

  1. of; 's; used after the thing owned and before the owner
    Constitución española de 1812
    Spanish constitution of 1812
    la cola del perro
    the dog’s tail
  2. from (with the source or provenance of or at)
    Soy de España.
    I’m from Spain.
    agua de manantialspringwater
  3. of (expressing composition, substance)
    una mesa de maderaa wooden table
  4. about (concerning; with regard to)
    Synonyms: sobre, acerca de
    Están hablando del pasado.
    They're talking about the past.
    tratarse deto be about; to concern
  5. of, from (indicating cause)
    Murió de hambre.
    He died of hunger.
  6. of (indicates a quality or characteristic)
    un hombre de fe
    a man of faith
  7. from (with the origin, starting point or initial reference of or at)
    Synonym: desde
    el vuelo de Miami a Chicago
    the flight from Miami to Chicago
  8. of (indicates the subject or cause of the adjective)
    harto desick of; tired of
  9. from (with the separation, exclusion or differentiation of)
    Nos protege del frío.
    It protects us from the cold.
  10. than (in certain phrases)
    más demore than
    menos deless than, fewer than
  11. used to construct compound nouns (with attributive nouns)
    campamento de verano
    summer camp
  12. (followed by the infinitive) indicates a conditional desire
    De haberlo sabido, no lo habría dicho.
    If I had known, I wouldn't have said it.
  13. indicates a time of day or period of someone's life
    de díaduring the daytime
    de niñoas a child; during childhood
  14. (after a noun and before a verb) indicates the purpose of an object
    Synonym: para
    goma de mascarchewing gum
    caña de pescarfishing rod
Usage notes edit
  • de combines with el to form del.
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Sranan Tongo edit

Etymology edit

From English there.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

de

  1. (copula) to be.

Particle edit

de

  1. (dated) Alternative form of e.

Swedish edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Norse þeir, from Proto-Germanic *þai (with noun ending -r).

Alternative forms edit

  • (informal) dom
  • (informal, dialectal) di

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

de (third-person plural nominative, dative and accusative dem, genitive deras, reflexive sig)

  1. they
  2. Misspelling of dem.
Usage notes edit

In most dialects, de (they) and dem (them) are no longer distinguished in speech. They are regularly mixed up in writing by native speakers, due to lack of grammatical intuition. The article de is often mixed up with dem as well.

Declension edit

Article edit

de

  1. the, a definite article used in the beginning of noun phrases containing attributive adjectives and nouns in the plural. This article is used together with the definite suffix of the noun to indicate the definiteness of the noun phrase.
    de gröna bilarnathe green cars
Usage notes edit
  • The usage notes for den explain how to express "the [adjective] [noun]."
  • The same type of noun phrases with singular nouns instead use den (common gender) or det (neuter) for this function. Some definite noun phrases with attributive adjectives may skip these preceding articles. This is the case especially for many lexicalized noun phrases and also for many noun phrases working as proper names of organisations, geographical places, TV shows, events and similar.
Brittiska öarna
The British Isles
Han har varit inne i Vita huset
He has been inside the White House (where "Han har varit inne i det vita huset" would be expected were "Vita huset" not a proper noun)

While the personal pronoun de has an object form and a genitive form, the definite article de is unaffected by the syntactic role of the noun phrase.

Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From the common pronunciation of this word.

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

de

  1. (colloquial, text messaging, Internet) Pronunciation spelling of det.

Article edit

de

  1. (colloquial, text messaging, Internet) Pronunciation spelling of det.

References edit

Anagrams edit

Tabaru edit

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

de

  1. coordinating conjunction between two nouns: and
    'o 'esa de 'o deamother and father
  2. coordinating conjunction between two clauses: and
    'una wigogama de witirinehe is feverish and he trembles

References edit

  • Edward A. Kotynski (1988), “Tabaru phonology and morphology”, in Work Papers of the Summer Institute of Linguistics, University of North Dakota Session, volume 32, Summer Institute of Linguistics

Tagalog edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from Spanish de (of).

Preposition edit

de (Baybayin spelling ᜇᜒ)

  1. (archaic) of (now only used in derived forms)
    Synonym: ng
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Spanish de, the Spanish name of the letter D/d.

Noun edit

de (Baybayin spelling ᜇᜒ)

  1. (historical) the name of the Latin-script letter D, in the Abecedario.
    Synonyms: (in the Filipino alphabet) di, (in the Abakada alphabet) da

Further reading edit

  • Panganiban, José Villa (1973) Diksyunaryo-Tesauro Pilipino-Ingles, Quezon City: Manlapaz Publishing Co., page 360

Tarantino edit

Preposition edit

de

  1. of

Tok Pisin edit

This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Etymology edit

From English day.

Noun edit

de

  1. day
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Jenesis 1:5:
      Tulait em i kolim “De”, na tudak em i kolim “Nait”. Nait i go pinis na moning i kamapage. Em i de namba wan.
      →New International Version translation

Related terms edit

See also edit

Turkish edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Ottoman Turkishده(da, de, conj. also, and, moreover, again),[1] from Proto-Turkic *tākı (conj. and).[2][3]

Conjunction edit

de

  1. as well, too, also
    Özer de sorunun yanıtını biliyor.Özer also knows the answer of the question.
    Berker de bizimle geliyor.Berker is coming with us as well.
    Utku da dondurma yemeyi sever.Utku likes eating ice cream, too.
  2. however
    Herkes iddia ediyor ki boyum uzamış da ben fark etmiyorum.Everyone claims that I've gotten taller however I don't really notice it.
Usage notes edit
  • Complies with vowel harmony; takes the form da with vowels "a, ı, o, u" and de with vowels "e, i, ö, ü."

Etymology 2 edit

Verb edit

de

  1. second-person singular imperative of demek

Etymology 3 edit

Noun edit

de

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter D.

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Redhouse, James W. (1890), “ده”, in A Turkish and English Lexicon, Constantinople: A. H. Boyajian, page 929
  2. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*d(i)akɨ”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill
  3. ^ Nişanyan, Sevan (2002–), “de”, in Nişanyan Sözlük

Further reading edit

Volapük edit

Preposition edit

de

  1. of, from

Welsh edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Contraction of older deau (right; south), from Proto-Celtic *dexswos (right). Cognate with Cornish dyhow, Breton dehou, Irish deas, Scottish Gaelic deas, Manx jiass.

The sense "south" comes from the fact that the south is on the right-hand side of a person facing east.[1] Compare the relationship between cledd (left) and gogledd (north).

Adjective edit

de (feminine singular de, plural de, not comparable)

  1. right (opposite of left)
  2. south, southern (abbreviation: D)
Derived terms edit

Noun edit

de m or f (uncountable)

  1. right
  2. south
  3. (as y De, when in Wales) South Wales
Usage notes edit
  • The noun has masculine gender when used with the sense of "south" and feminine gender when used with the sense "right".
Mutation edit
Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
de dde ne unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.
Antonyms edit
Derived terms edit

See also edit

  • (compass points)
gogledd-orllewin gogledd gogledd-ddwyrain
gorllewin   dwyrain
de-orllewin de de-ddwyrain


References edit

  1. ^ Evans, D. Silvan (1893) Dictionary of the Welsh Language[1], page 1388

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun edit

de

  1. Soft mutation of te.
Mutation edit
Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
te de nhe the
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

West Frisian edit

Etymology edit

Compare Dutch and Low German de, English the, German der.

Determiner edit

de

  1. the; definite article
    Ik hâld de boek.I'm holding the book.

Usage notes edit

After one-syllable prepositions ending in a consonant, the variant 'e is used.

Inflection edit

  • Common singular: de
  • Neuter singular: it
  • Plural: de

Further reading edit

  • de”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

West Makian edit

Etymology edit

Possibly related to the stem found in Ternate ngori.

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

de (possessive prefix ti)

  1. first-person singular pronoun, I

See also edit

References edit

  • Clemens Voorhoeve (1982) The Makian languages and their neighbours[13], Pacific linguistics

Wyandot edit

Etymology edit

cf. Mohawk ne.

Article edit

de

  1. the

Xhosa edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Bantu *-dàì.

Adjective edit

-de

  1. tall

Inflection edit

Adjective concord, tone L
Modifier Copulative
positive negative positive negative
1st singular endimde endingemde ndimde andimde
2nd singular omde ongemde umde awumde
1st plural esibade esingebade sibade asibade
2nd plural enibade eningebade nibade anibade
Class 1 omde ongemde mde akamde
Class 2 abade abangebade bade ababade
Class 3 omde ongemde mde awumde
Class 4 emide engemide mide ayimide
Class 5 elide elingelide lide alilide
Class 6 amade angemade made awamade
Class 7 eside esingeside side asiside
Class 8 ezinde ezingezinde zinde azizinde
Class 9 ende engende inde ayiyinde
Class 10 ezinde ezingezinde zinde azizinde
Class 11 olude olungelude lude alulude
Class 14 obude obungebude bude abubude
Class 15 okude okungekude kude akukude
Class 17 okude okungekude kude akukude

Ye'kwana edit

Pronunciation edit

Particle edit

de

  1. expresses frustration

References edit

  • Cáceres, Natalia (2011), “de”, in Grammaire Fonctionnelle-Typologique du Ye’kwana, Lyon

Yoruba edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

  1. (transitive) to tie down, to constrain
    Mo dè é lọ́wọ́ àti lẹ́sẹ̀I tied him on both his hands and legs
  2. to embroider
    Mo de ọrùn aṣọ náàI embroided the neck of the clothes
Usage notes edit
  • de when coming before a direct object
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

  1. (intransitive) to deputize, to hold a position for someone temporarily
    Ó ń de ipò fún miHe was deputizing my position for me
Usage notes edit
  • Usually used with the word ipò (position)
  • de when coming before a direct object
Derived terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

Cognate with Igala .

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

  1. (transitive) to await, to wait for
    Mo jókòó éI sat down and waited for him
Usage notes edit
  • de when coming before a direct object noun
  • Used as a verb-second element

Etymology 4 edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

  1. (intransitive, copulative) to arrive
    A ti We have arrived
  2. (transitive) to attain, to reach a particular point
Derived terms edit

Preposition edit

  1. up to, as far as
    Ó gùn títí ÈkóIt stretched to as far as Lagos

Etymology 5 edit

Cognate with Igala .

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

  1. (transitive) to cover, to wear a hat
Derived terms edit

Zande edit

Noun edit

de

  1. woman

Zealandic edit

Etymology edit

An unstressed variety of Middle Dutch die.

Determiner edit

de

  1. the (definite article)

Inflection edit

  • Masculine: de, d'n (before b, d, t or a vowel)
  • Feminine: de
  • Neuter: 't
  • Plural: de

Zhuang edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “Proto-Zhuang-Tai *te.A?”)

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

de (Sawndip forms or 𬿇 or 𭶼 or or or 𰂡, 1957–1982 spelling de)

  1. he; she; it

See also edit

Standard Zhuang personal pronouns
Person Singular Plural
1st exclusive gou dou
inclusive raeuz
2nd mwngz sou
3rd de gyoengqde

Zulu edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Bantu *-dàì. The expected reflex would be -le, however it was changed due to analogy with its class 8, 9, and 10 forms (zinde, inde, zinde).

Adjective edit

-de

  1. long
  2. tall, high

Inflection edit

Adjective concord, tone L
Modifier Copulative
positive negative positive negative
1st singular engimude engingemude ngimude angimude
2nd singular omude ongemude umude awumude
1st plural esibade esingebade sibade asibade
2nd plural enibade eningebade nibade anibade
Class 1 omude ongemude mude akamude
Class 2 abade abangebade bade ababade
Class 3 omude ongemude mude awumude
Class 4 emide engemide mide ayimide
Class 5 elide elingelide lide alilide
Class 6 amade angemade made awamade
Class 7 eside esingeside side asiside
Class 8 ezinde ezingezinde zinde azizinde
Class 9 ende engende, engeyinde inde, yinde ayiyinde
Class 10 ezinde ezingezinde zinde azizinde
Class 11 olude olungelude lude alulude
Class 14 obude obungebude bude abubude
Class 15 okude okungekude kude akukude
Class 17 okude okungekude kude akukude

Derived terms edit

Verb edit

-de

  1. (auxiliary) always [+participial]

Inflection edit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

References edit

ǃKung edit

Noun edit

de

  1. woman

Synonyms edit