From Late Middle English [Term?], borrowed from Middle French vocatif, from Latin vocātīvus (“for calling”); a calque of Ancient Greek κλητῐκή (klētikḗ, “for calling; vocative case”) – from vocāre (“to call”), from Proto-Indo-European *wokʷ-, o-grade of *wekʷ- (“give vocal utterance, speak”). See Latin vōx.
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈvɑkətɪv/, /ˈvoʊkətɪv/
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈvɒkətɪv/
Audio (RP) (file)
vocative (comparative more vocative, superlative most vocative)
- Of or pertaining to calling; used in calling or vocation.
- (grammar) Used in address; appellative (said of that case or form of the noun, pronoun, or adjective, in which a person or thing is addressed). For example "Domine, O Lord"
of or pertaining to calling
grammar: used in address
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Translations to be checked
vocative (plural vocatives)
- (grammar) The vocative case
- (grammar) A word in the vocative case
- (rare) Something said to (or as though to) a particular person or thing; an entreaty, an invocation.
- 1748, [Samuel Richardson], “Letter L”, in Clarissa. Or, The History of a Young Lady: […], volume (please specify |volume=I to VII), London: […] S[amuel] Richardson; […], OCLC 13631815:
- [T]he two latter will hardly come neither, if they think it will be to hear your whining vocatives.
grammatical case — see vocative case
- “vocative”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- vocative in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
vocative n pl