خليل

ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the root خ ل ل(ḵ-l-l) related to picking and perforation, probably so because a particular fashion of being intimate is to pick each others bodies as a part for cleanliness.

NounEdit

خَلِيل (ḵalīlm (plural أَخِلَّاء(ʾaḵillāʾ) or أَخِلَّة(ʾaḵilla) or خُلَّان(ḵullān) or خِلَال(ḵilāl), feminine خَلِيلَة(ḵalīla)) (countable)

  1. an intimate friend
    Synonyms: صَاحِب(ṣāḥib), رَفِيق(rafīq), صَدِيق(ṣadīq)
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 43:67:
      الْأَخِلَّاءُ يَوْمَئِذٍ بَعْضُهُمْ لِبَعْضٍ عَدُوٌّ إِلَّا الْمُتَّقِينَ
      al-ʾaḵillāʾu yawmaʾiḏin baʿḍuhum libaʿḍin ʿaduwwun ʾillā l-muttaqīna
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    1. a bedmate
      Synonym: (archaic) خِدْن(ḵidn)
      • (Can we date this quote?), al-Baḡawī, معالم التنزيل [The Signposts of the Revelation]:
        قَوْلُهُ تَعَالَى : ( وَلَا تَنْكِحُوا الْمُشْرِكَاتِ حَتَّى يُؤْمِنَّ ) سَبَبُ نُزُولِ هَذِهِ الْآيَةِ أَنَّ أَبَا مَرْثَدٍ الْغَنَوِيَّ بَعَثَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ إِلَى مَكَّةَ لِيُخْرِجَ مِنْهَا نَاسًا مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ سِرًّا فَلَمَّا قَدِمَهَا سَمِعَتْ بِهِ امْرَأَةٌ مُشْرِكَةٌ يُقَالُ لَهَا عِنَاقُ وَكَانَتْ خَلِيلَتَهُ فِي الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ فَأَتَتْهُ وَقَالَتْ : يَا أَبَا مَرْثَدٍ أَلَا تَخْلُو؟ فَقَالَ لَهَا وَيْحَكِ يَا عَنَاقُ إِنَّ الْإِسْلَامَ قَدْ حَالَ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَ ذَلِكَ قَالَتْ : فَهَلْ لَكَ أَنْ تَتَزَوَّجَ بِي؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ وَلَكِنْ أَرْجِعُ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَأَسْتَأْمِرُهُ فَقَالَتْ أَبِي تَتَبَرَّمُ؟ ثُمَّ اسْتَغَاثَتْ عَلَيْهِ فَضَرَبُوهُ ضَرْبًا شَدِيدًا ثُمَّ خَلَّوْا سَبِيلَهُ فَلَمَّا قَضَى حَاجَتَهُ بِمَكَّةَ وَانْصَرَفَ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَعْلَمَهُ بِالَّذِي كَانَ مِنْ أَمْرِهِ وَأَمْرِ عَنَاقَ وَمَا لَقِيَ بِسَبَبِهَا وَقَالَ : يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَيَحِلُّ لِي أَنْ أَتَزَوَّجَهَا؟ فَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى ( وَلَا تَنْكِحُوا الْمُشْرِكَاتِ حَتَّى يُؤْمِنَّ )‎‎
        Allah says, "Do not marry [or "sleep with"] the associators till they believe". The occasion of the verse was that Abū Marṯad al-Ḡanawī, whom the Prophet of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had sent off to Mecca to sneak a number of Muslims secretly, was spotted when he arrived there by a women of the associators named ʿAnāq, who was his bedfellow back in the era of ignorance. Thus, she came to him and said, "Abū Marṯad, would you like to 'take me aside'?", and he said to her, "Slow down, ʿAnāq! Our faith now keeps us away from this!" Thus, she said, "Will you marry me, then?" "Sure!" he said, "but I must go back to the Prophet and ask him first." So she said, "Huh, now you are weary of me?" Then she cried out, and he was beaten up severely, and then they let him go. When he finished his task in Mecca afterward and set out back to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, he recounted to him what was between him and ʿAnāq and what he had gone through because of her. "O Prophet!" he said to him, "is it lawful for me to wed her?" Thereupon, Allah revealed this verse, "Do not marry [or "sleep with"] the associators till they believe".

DeclensionEdit

Proper nounEdit

خَلِيل (ḵalīlm

  1. a male given name; Khalil
DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Azerbaijani: Xəlil
  • Turkish: Halil
  • English: Khalil