See also: Friend

EnglishEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English frend, freend, from Old English frēond (friend, literally loving[-one], lover), from Proto-West Germanic *friund, from Proto-Germanic *frijōndz (lover, friend), from Proto-Indo-European *preyH- (to like, love), equivalent to free +‎ -nd.

Cognate with Saterland Frisian Fjund, Früünd (friend), West Frisian freon, froen, freondinne (friend), Dutch vriend (friend), Low German Frund, Fründ (friend, relative), Luxembourgish Frënd (friend), German Freund (friend), Danish frænde (kinsman), Swedish frände (kinsman, relative), Icelandic frændi (kinsman), Gothic 𐍆𐍂𐌹𐌾𐍉𐌽𐌳𐍃 (frijōnds, friend). More at free.

Other cognates include Russian приятель (prijatelʹ, friend) and Sanskrit प्रिय (priyá-, beloved).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

friend (plural friends)

  1. A person, typically someone other than a family member, spouse or lover, whose company one enjoys and towards whom one feels affection.
    • 1841, Ralph Waldo Emerson, "Friendship", Essays, Vol. I:
      The only reward of virtue is virtue; the only way to have a friend is to be one.
    • 1917, Richard M. Gummere translating Seneca as Ad Lucilium Epistulae Morales, Loeb Classical Library, Vol. I, No. 3:
      ...if you consider any man a friend whom you do not trust as you trust yourself, you are mightily mistaken and you do not sufficiently understand what true friendship means.
    • 1923, William Armistead Falconer translating Cicero as De Amicitia, Loeb Classical Library, Vol. XX, p. 34:
      ...he who looks upon a true friend, looks, as it were, upon a sort of image of himself. Wherefore friends, though absent, are at hand; though in need, yet abound; though weak, are strong; and—harder saying still—though dead, are yet alive; so great is the esteem on the part of their friends, the tender recollection and the deep longing that still attends them.
    • 1927 Mar. 31, Ernest Hemingway, letter to F. Scott Fitzgerald:
      ...you are my devoted friend too. You do more and work harder and oh shit I'd get maudlin about how damned swell you are. My god I'd like to see you... You're a hell of a good guy.
    • 1933 Dec. 12, Walter Winchell, "On Broadway", Scranton Republican, p. 5:
      Definition of a friend: One who walks in—when the rest of the world walks out.
    John and I have been friends ever since we were roommates at college.   Trust is important between friends.   I used to find it hard to make friends when I was shy.
    We became friends in the war and remain friends to this day.    We were friends with some girls from the other school and stayed friends with them.
  2. An associate who provides assistance.
    The Automobile Association is every motorist's friend.   The police is every law-abiding citizen's friend.
  3. A person with whom one is vaguely or indirectly acquainted.
    • 2013 June 21, Oliver Burkeman, “The tao of tech”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 2, page 27:
      The dirty secret of the internet is that all this distraction and interruption is immensely profitable. Web companies like to boast about […], or offering services that let you "stay up to date with what your friends are doing", [] and so on. But the real way to build a successful online business is to be better than your rivals at undermining people's control of their own attention.
    a friend of a friend;  I added him as a friend on Facebook, but I hardly know him.
  4. A person who backs or supports something.
    I’m not a friend of cheap wine.
  5. (informal) An object or idea that can be used for good.
    Fruit is your friend.
  6. (colloquial, ironic, used only in the vocative) Used as a form of address when warning someone.
    You’d better watch it, friend.
  7. (object-oriented programming) A function or class granted special access to the private and protected members of another class.
    • 1991, Tom Swan, Learning C++:
      But don't take the following sections as an endorsement of friends. Top C++ programmers avoid using friends unless absolutely necessary.
    • 2001, Stephen Prata, C++ primer plus:
      In that case, the function needn't (and shouldn't) be a friend.
    • 2008, D S Malik, C++ Programming: From Problem Analysis to Program Design:
      To make a function be a friend to a class, the reserved word friend precedes the function prototype []
  8. (climbing) A spring-loaded camming device.
    • 1995, Rock Climbing Basics
      Since they were introduced in the 1970s, friends have revolutionized climbing, making protection possible in previously impossible places []
  9. (euphemistic) A lover; a boyfriend or girlfriend.
    • c. 1595–1596, William Shakespeare, “Loues Labour’s Lost”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act V, scene ii]:
      Nor to the motion of a schoolboy's tongue ; Nor never come in visard to my friend
    • 1813, Samuel Foote, The Commissary, Etc., page 17:
      Time has been, when a gentleman wanted a friend, I could supply him with choice in an hour; but the market is spoiled, and a body might as soon produce a hare or a partridge []
    • 1975, Janis Ian, "In the Winter":
      I met your friend. She's very nice, what can I say?
  10. (Scotland, obsolete) A relative, a relation by blood or marriage.
    Friends agree best at a distance.
    Make friends of framet folk.
    • 1895, Crockett, Bog-Myrtle, 232:
      He was not a drop's blood to me, though him and my wife were far-out friends.
  11. (in the plural, usually preceded by "and") Used to refer collectively to a group of associated individuals, especially those comprising a cast, company, or crew
    Synonyms: and company, et al.
    Meanwhile on The View, Whoopi Goldberg and friends continue to issue forced apologies for their assumptive comments regarding non-profit organisation Turning Point USA...

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • friends is found as an invariable plural in the phrases make friends with and be friends with: I am friends with her; He made friends with his co-worker.
  • We usually make a friend, or make friends with someone. See Appendix:Collocations of do, have, make, and take
  • In older texts and certain dialects, the prepositional phrase to friend means "as a friend or an ally", for exampleː "with God to frend (Spenser)". The antonym to the phrase to friend is to fiend.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Cantonese: friend (fen1)
  • Serbo-Croatian:

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

friend (third-person singular simple present friends, present participle friending, simple past and past participle friended)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To act as a friend to, to befriend; to be friendly to, to help.
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, IV.ii:
      Lo sluggish Knight the victors happie pray: / So fortune friends the bold [...].
    • 1896, Alfred Edward Housman, A Shropshire Lad, LXII:
      ’Tis true, the stuff I bring for sale
      Is not so brisk a brew as ale:
      Out of a stem that scored the hand
      I wrung it in a weary land.
      But take it: if the smack is sour,
      The better for the embittered hour;
      It should do good to heart and head
      When your soul is in my soul’s stead;
      And I will friend you, if I may,
      In the dark and cloudy day.
  2. (transitive) To add (a person) to a list of friends on a social networking site; to officially designate (someone) as a friend.
    • 2006, David Fono and Kate Raynes-Goldie, "Hyperfriendship and Beyond: Friends and Social Norms on LiveJournal" (PDF version), Internet Research Annual Volume 4, Peter Lang, →ISBN, page 99,
      The difference between responses to the statement, "If someone friends me, I will friend them," and "If I friend someone, I expect them to friend me back," is telling.
    • 2006, Kevin Farnham and Dale G. Farnham, Myspace Safety: 51 Tips for Teens And Parents, How-To Primers, →ISBN, page 69,
      One of the most used features of MySpace is the practice that is nicknamed "friending." If you "friend" someone, then that person is added to your MySpace friends list, and you are added to their friends list.

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • friend at OneLook Dictionary Search.

AnagramsEdit


ChineseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English friend.

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

friend

  1. (Cantonese) friend (Classifier: )
    friend [Cantonese, trad.]
    friend [Cantonese, simp.]
    keoi5 hai6 ngo5 go3 fen1 lai4 gaa3. [Jyutping]
    He's my friend.

SynonymsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

friend

  1. (Cantonese) in a close or friendly relationship
    我哋friend [Cantonese]  ―  ngo5 dei6 hou2 fen1 gaa3. [Jyutping]  ―  We are really close.

ReferencesEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

friend

  1. Alternative form of frend

Old EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

frīend

  1. dative singular of frēond
  2. nominative and accusative plural of frēond

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English friend.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈfɾend/, [ˈfɾẽn̪d̪]

NounEdit

friend m (plural friends)

  1. (climbing) cam

YolaEdit

NounEdit

friend

  1. Alternative form of vriene
    • 1867, “VERSES IN ANSWER TO THE WEDDEEN O BALLYMORE”, in SONGS, ETC. IN THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY, number 3:
      Mye thee friend.
      May thy friend.

ReferencesEdit

  • Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, page 100