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From Middle Persian [Book Pahlavi needed] (snc /sanǰ-/, to weigh), from Proto-Iranian *θanǰáyati, from Proto-Indo-European *t(ʰ)ongʰ-éye-ti, from *t(ʰ)engʰ- (to draw, pull back), perhaps an extension of *ten-. Cognate to Younger Avestan 𐬚𐬀𐬧𐬘𐬀𐬌𐬌𐬈𐬧𐬙𐬈‎(θaṇjaiieṇte‎,[1][2][3]


سنجیدن (sanjidan) (present stem سنج(sanj))

  1. (archaic) to weigh
  2. to measure
  3. to evaluate
  4. to ponder, reflect



  1. ^ Bailey, H. W. (1979) Dictionary of Khotan Saka, Cambridge, London, New York, Melbourne: Cambridge University press, page 406b
  2. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007), “*θanĵ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 391–392
  3. ^ Cabolov, R. L. (2010) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ kurdskovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Kurdish Language] (in Russian), volume II, Moscow: Russian Academy Press Vostochnaya Literatura, page 261

Further readingEdit

  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “sanǰ”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 74