This Proto-Iranian entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Indo-Iranian *tʰanǰʰáyati or *tanǰʰáyati, from Proto-Indo-European *tongʰ-éye-ti, from *tengʰ- (to pull, weigh down) +‎ *-éyeti. *θ- is unexpected; perhaps the result of the influence of a similar word.



  1. to pull
  2. to weigh (down)

Derived termsEdit


  • Central Iranian:
  • Northeastern Iranian:
    • Scythian: [Term?]
      • Khotanese: [script needed] (thaṃj-)
      • Wakhi: [script needed] (tanj-)
        • Kermanic:
          Isfahani: [script needed] (tanj-)
    • Sogdian: (/θeṁč-/)
      Buddhist: [script needed] (δyncʾk, to pull out, pres.part.)
  • Southeastern Iranian:
    • Sanglechi: [script needed] (inj-)
  • Northwestern Iranian:
  • Southwestern Iranian:
    • Shirazi: [script needed] (tanzīdan, to weigh)[4] (dated?)


  1. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007) , “*θanǰ-”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 391-392
  2. ^ Schmitt, Rüdiger, editor (1989) Compendium Linguarum Iranicarum[1], Wiesbaden: Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 213
  3. ^ Novák, Ľubomír (2013) Problem of Archaism and Innovation in the Eastern Iranian Languages (PhD dissertation)[2], Prague: Univerzita Karlova v Praze, filozofická fakulta
  4. ^ Lentz, Wolfgang (1926) , “Die nordiranischen Elemente in der neupersischen Literatursprache bei Firdosi”, in Zeitschrift für Indologie und Iranistik[3], page 301