Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/tengʰ-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Extension of *ten- (to stretch; to extend).

RootEdit

*tengʰ-[1]

  1. to pull (back)[1]
  2. to be heavy, difficult[2]

Derived termsEdit

  • *téngʰ-t ~ tn̥gʰ-ént (root aorist)[1]
    • Balto-Slavic: *tengtei ~ *tingtei
      • Slavic: *tęťi pf (to pull)[3] (see there for further descendants)
        • Slavic: *tędzati impf (to pull, to extract)[4] (see there for further descendants)
        • Slavic: *tęgnǫti (to pull)[5] (see there for further descendants)
        • Slavic: *tęgъ, *tęga (traction, weight) (see there for further descendants)
        • Slavic: *tǫgъ (hard, strong) (see there for further descendants)
  • *tḗngʰ-ti ~ téngʰ-n̥ti (narten-type root athematic present)[1]
  • *tongʰ-éye-ti (éye-causative)[1]
  • *tn̥gʰ-eh₁(yé)-ti (eh₁-stative)
  • *tn̥gʰ-sḱé-ti (*sḱe-fientive)[8]
    • Balto-Slavic: [Term?]
      • Lithuanian: tìngti (to become slow)
  • *tn̥gʰ-yé-ti (yé-present)[1][8]
    • Balto-Slavic: *ting(je)tei
      • Slavic: [Term?]
        • Slavic: *tęžestь (weight) (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *þungijaną (to weigh down, make heavy)[8]
      • Old Norse: þyngja (see there for further descendants)
  • *tengʰ-sleh₂
    • Germanic: *þinhslō (see there for further descendants)
  • *téngʰ-u-s ~ *tn̥gʰ-éw-s (heavy)[8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 “*tʰengʰ-¹”, in Rix, Helmut, editor, Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, 2001, →ISBN, page 657
  2. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q., “*tengh-”, in The Oxford introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European world, Oxford University Press, 2006, page 345
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick, “*tęgti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2008, →ISBN, page 493
  4. ^ Derksen, Rick, “*tędzati; *tęgati”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2008, →ISBN, page 493
  5. 5.0 5.1 Derksen, Rick, “*tingėti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2015, →ISBN, page 466
  6. ^ Adams, Douglas Q., “*täṅk-”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, 2013, →ISBN, page 306
  7. ^ Kümmel (2016) "Einführung ins Ostmitteliranische"
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 Kroonen, Guus, “*þungu-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2013, →ISBN, page 551
  9. 9.0 9.1 Derksen, Rick, “*tingus”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2015, →ISBN, pages 466-467