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See also: شیطان

Contents

ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Often interpreted as coming from the root ش ي ط (š-y-ṭ) meaning “to burn, scorch” and the ـَان (-ān) suffix forming adjectives. Given the historical precedence of Hebrew texts wherein the word is of relevance, it is likely that the Arabic word is a reinterpretation of Hebrew שָׂטָן (śāṭān), from a root relating to opposition or accusation.

Cognate with Classical Syriac ܣܛܢܐ (sāṭānā), Hebrew שָׂטָן (śāṭān), Ge'ez ሠይጣን (śäyṭan), Ge'ez ሰይጣን (säyṭan).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

شَيْطَان (šayṭānm (plural شَيَاطِين (šayāṭīn))

  1. (religion) Satan, devil, shaitan
  2. demon, fiend

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • شيطان” in J.A. Haywood and H.M. Nahmad (1965), A new Arabic grammar (second edition), London: Lund Humphries, →ISBN
  • Leslau, Wolf (1991) Comparative Dictionary of Geʿez (Classical Ethiopic), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, →ISBN, pages 522–523
  • Nöldeke, Theodor (1910) Neue Beiträge zur semitischen Sprachwissenschaft[1], Straßburg: Karl J. Trübner, page 47
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “شيطن”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN