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See also: خان

Contents

ArabicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Derived from the active participle of جَنَى (janā, to gather, to harvest; to commit a crime), form the root ج ن ي (j-n-y).

AdjectiveEdit

جَانٍ (jānin) (informal جَانِي (jānī), feminine جَانِيَة (jāniya), masculine plural جُنَاة (junāh), feminine plural جَانِيَات (jāniyāt))

  1. guilty, delinquent, criminal, flagrant, vicious, evil
DeclensionEdit

NounEdit

جَانٍ (jāninm (construct state جَانِي (jānī), plural جُنَاة (junāh))

  1. gatherer, harvester, harvestman, reaper
  2. perpetrator, offender, delinquent, criminal, culprit, felon, evildoer
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Has the form of an derived from the active participle, as if from جَنَّ (janna, to hide) (in the passive جُنَّ (junna, to go crazy)), from the root ج ن ن (j-n-n).

NounEdit

جَانّ (jānnm (plural جِنَّان (jinnān) or جَوَانّ (jawānn))

  1. jinn, demon, demons, fairy
DeclensionEdit

AzeriEdit

Other scripts
Cyrillic ҹан
Roman can
Perso-Arabic جان

EtymologyEdit

From Persian جان (jân).

NounEdit

جان (can) (definite accusative جانێ (canı), plural جانلار (canlar))

  1. soul, spirit
  2. being, creature, life
  3. body
  4. force, vigour

DeclensionEdit


Ottoman TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Persian جان (jân, soul, vital spirit, life).

NounEdit

جان (can)

  1. soul
  2. being
  3. life
  4. heart
  5. darling

SuffixEdit

جان (can)

  1. Suffix expressing intimacy, roughly equivalent to dear or darling, attached to a name or title

PersianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Persian HYA, yʾn' (gyān, soul, ghost), from Proto-Iranian *wi- + *HanH- (to breathe), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂enh₁- (to breathe), whence, for example, Latin animus.

Cognate with Manichaean Middle Persian gyʾn (gyān), Northern Kurdish giyan, Central Kurdish گیان (gyan), Southern Kurdish گیان (gyan), Avestan 𐬬𐬌𐬌𐬁𐬥𐬀𐬌𐬌𐬁 (viiānaiiā), Sanskrit व्यान (vyāna).

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

جان (jân) (plural جان‌ها (jân-hâ))

Dari جان
Iranian Persian جان
Tajik ҷон (jon)
  1. soul
    جان خود را از دست دادن‎ ― jân-e xod râ az dast dâdanto lose one's life, to pass away
  2. being
  3. life

SuffixEdit

جان (jân)

  1. Suffix expressing intimacy, roughly equivalent to dear or darling, attached to a name or title.

InterjectionEdit

جان (jân!)

  1. exclamation of joy, pleasure
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Cheung, Johnny (2007) Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-15496-4, page 161

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from English John.

Proper nounEdit

جان (Jân)

  1. A male given name, John.
    جان کری‎ ― Jân KeriJohn Kerry

SindhiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from Persian جان (jân).

NounEdit

جان (jān)

  1. life; soul

UyghurEdit

EtmologyEdit

Borrowed from Persian جان (jân, “soul, vital spirit, life”)

NounEdit

جان · (jan)

  1. soul
  2. spirit
  3. life
  4. dear [as in جېنىم (jénim, "my dear")]
  5. person