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See also: démon, dēmon, dêmon, and demön

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
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Alternative formsEdit

  • daemon, dæmon (typically only used today for the sense of 'a Greek or Roman godling, chiefly British')
  • daimon (typically only used in the sense of 'inner spirit' or 'personal guardian')

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English demon, a borrowing from Medieval Latin dēmōn, daemōn (lar, familiar spirit, guardian spirit), from Ancient Greek δαίμων (daímōn, dispenser, god, protective spirit).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

demon (plural demons)

  1. evil spirit
    1. An evil spirit; a devil. [from 10th c.]
    2. (now chiefly historical) A false god or idol; a Satanic divinity. [from 10th c.]
    3. A very wicked or malevolent person; also (in weakened sense) a mischievous person, especially a child. [from 16th c.]
    4. A source (especially personified) of great evil or wickedness; a destructive feeling or character flaw. [from 17th c.]
      The demon of stupidity haunts me whenever I open my mouth.
    5. (in the plural) A person's fears or anxieties. [from 19th c.]
      • 2013, The Guardian, 21 January:
        After a short spell on an adult psychiatric ward, she decided to find her own way to deal with her demons.
    6. Someone with great strength, passion or skill for a particular activity, pursuit etc.; an enthusiast. [from 19th c.]
      He’s a demon at the card tables.
    7. (Britain, card games) A form of patience (known as Canfield in the US). [from 19th c.]
      • 1924, EM Forster, A Passage to India, Penguin 2005, p. 89:
        ‘That's much the best feeling to have.’ She dealt out the first row of ‘demon’.
  2. supernatural (neutral) spirit
    1. A person's inner spirit or genius; a guiding or creative impulse. [from 14th c.]
      • 1616, William Shakespeare, Antony and Cleopatra, II.3:
        Oh Anthony […] Thy Dæmon that thy spirit which keepes thee, is Noble, Couragious, high vnmatchable.
      • 2000, Phillip Pullman, The Amber Spyglass:
        “You saw her. And I picked her up,” Lyra said, blushing, because of course it was a gross violation of manners to touch something so private as someone else's dæmon.
    2. (Greek mythology) A spirit intermediate between gods and humans; especially, the spirit of a dead person; a deified hero. [from 16th c.]
    3. A spirit not considered to be inherently evil a (non-Christian) deity or supernatural being. [from 19th c.]
    4. An hypothetical entity with special abilities postulated for the sake of a thought experiment in philosophy or physics.
      • 1874, William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, “Kinetic Theory of the Dissipation of Energy” in Nature 9, 441-444:
        Let the orders now be that each demon is to stop all molecules from crossing his area in either direction except 100 coming from A, arbitrarily chosen to be let pass into B, and a greater number, having among them less energy but equal momentum, to cross from B to A.

Usage notesEdit

Meanings drawing on the neutral, Ancient Greek word often employ synonyms or the variant spellings daimon or daemon to differentiate them from the "evil spirit" senses.

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

EtymologyEdit

From Latin daemon (lar, genius, guardian spirit), from Ancient Greek δαίμων (daímōn, dispenser, god, protective spirit).

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: de‧mon

NounEdit

demon m (plural demonen or demons)

  1. demon

FinnishEdit

NounEdit

demon

  1. Genitive singular form of demo.

LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

dēmon m

  1. accusative singular of dēmos

Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Ancient Greek δαίμων (daímōn).

NounEdit

demon m (definite singular demonen, indefinite plural demoner, definite plural demonene)

  1. a demon

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Ancient Greek δαίμων (daímōn).

NounEdit

demon m (definite singular demonen, indefinite plural demonar, definite plural demonane)

  1. a demon

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


PolishEdit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin daemon (lar, genius, guardian spirit), from Ancient Greek δαίμων (daímōn, dispenser, god, protective spirit).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

demon m anim

  1. demon

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


RomanianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • dimon (regional, Moldova)

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Greek δαίμονας (daímonas), partly through the intermediate of (South) Slavic demonĭ. Compare also Aromanian demun.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

demon m (plural demoni)

  1. demon
  2. (figuratively) a despicable person

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Related termsEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Greek δαίμονας (daímonas).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /děmoːn/
  • Hyphenation: de‧mon

NounEdit

dèmōn m (Cyrillic spelling дѐмо̄н)

  1. demon

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit