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EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English feend, fēnd, fiend, feond, viend, veond (enemy; demon), from Old English fēond (enemy), from Proto-Germanic *fijandz. (compare Old Norse fjándi (Icelandic fjandi, Danish fjende, Swedish fiende, Norwegian fiende, West Frisian fijân, Low German Feend, Fiend, Dutch vijand, German Feind, Gothic 𐍆𐌹𐌾𐌰𐌽𐌳𐍃 (fijands)), with all of them meaning foe. The Old Norse and Gothic terms are present participles of the corresponding verbs fjá/𐍆𐌹𐌾𐌰𐌽 (fijan, to hate), from Proto-Indo-European *peh₁- (to hate) (compare Sanskrit पीयति (pī́yati, (he) reviles)).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /fiːnd/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iːnd

NounEdit

fiend (plural fiends)

  1. A devil or demon; a malignant or diabolical being; an evil spirit.
    Synonym: monster
    • 1845, E.A. Poe, "The Raven"
      "Be that word our sign of parting, bird or fiend!"
  2. A very evil person.
    Synonym: monster
  3. (obsolete) An enemy; a foe.
    Religion teaches us to love everybody, be one fiend or friend.
  4. (religious, archaic) The enemy of mankind, specifically, the Devil; Satan.
    • 1971, Keith Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic, Folio Society 2012, p. 35:
      At the confirmation ceremony the bishop would lay his hands on the child and tie around its forehead a linen band [] . This was believed to strengthen him against the assaults of the fiend []
  5. (informal) An addict or fanatic.
    He's been a jazz fiend since his teenage years.
    dope fiend

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

VerbEdit

fiend (third-person singular simple present fiends, present participle fiending, simple past and past participle fiended)

  1. (slang, intransitive) To yearn; to be desperate (for something).
    • 2011, Emma J. Stephens, For a Dancer: The Memoir
      I am back in San Francisco at the Clift Hotel, fiending for my fix.

AnagramsEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

fiend (plural fiendes)

  1. Alternative form of feend