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ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the root غ ن م(ḡ-n-m).

VerbEdit

غَنِمَ (ḡanima) I, non-past يَغْنَمُ‎‎ (yaḡnamu)

  1. (intransitive) to make booty
    • 7th century CE, Sunan Abī Dāwud, 1:36:
      إِنْ كَانَ أَحَدُنَا فِي زَمَنِ رَسُولِ اللّٰهِ صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ لَيَأْخُذُ نِضْوَ أَخِيهِ عَلَى أَنَّ لَهُ النِّصْفَ مِمَّا يَغْنَمُ وَلَنَا النِّصْفُ وَإِنْ كَانَ أَحَدُنَا لَيَطِيرُ لَهُ النَّصْلُ وَٱلرِّيشُ وَلِلْآخَرِ الْقَدَحُ.‎‎
      ʾin kāna ʾaḥadunā fī zamani rasūli llāhi ṣallā llāhu ʿalayhi wasallama layaʾḵuḏu niḍwa ʾaḵīhi ʿalā ʾanna lahu n-niṣfa mimmā yaḡnamu walanā n-niṣfu waʾin kāna ʾaḥadunā layaṭīru lahu n-naṣlu war-rīšu walilʾāḵari l-qadaḥu.
      Any one of us would borrow an arrow-shaft during the lifetime of the Prophet (ﷺ) from the other, on condition that he would give him half the booty, and the other half he would retain himself. Further, one of us received, so it flies, an arrowhead and a feather, and the other the arrow-shaft.
  2. (transitive) to take as booty
  3. (transitive) to pillage, to foray, to plunder

ConjugationEdit

VerbEdit

غَنَّمَ (ḡannama) II, non-past يُغَنِّمُ‎‎ (yuḡannimu)

  1. to give away altruistically, to dole out, to deal out, to share out

ConjugationEdit

NounEdit

غَنَم (ḡanamf (collective, plural أَغْنَام(ʾaḡnām))

  1. (collective) sheep; goat
    • إنما يأكل الذئب من الغنم القاصية.‎‎
      The wolf eats up a solitary sheep that stays far from the flock.
  2. (collective) small cattle

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

NounEdit

غَنَم or غُنْم or غَنْم (ḡanam or ḡunm or ḡanmm

  1. verbal noun of غَنِمَ (ḡanima) (form I)

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Freytag, Georg (1835), “غنم”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 3, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 299
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “غنم”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985), “غنم”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 929

PashtoEdit

EtymologyEdit

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PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

غنم (ǧanëmm (plural غنم)

  1. wheat

DeclensionEdit