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  1. superscript alif, dagger alif (أَلِف خَنْجَرِيَّة(ʾalif ḵanjariyya)), indicates a long /aː/ where ا(ʾalif) is normally not written.

Usage notesEdit

  • ʾalif ḵanjariyya is a rare diacritic, is missing on standard keyboards and is sometimes replaced with a fatḥa ـَ(-a) in a vocalised Arabic text or omitted altogether, except the Qur'an.
  • ʾalif ḵanjariyya can be written with or without a fatḥa, e.g. with a fatḥa رَحْمَٰن(raḥmān) in the Middle East or without a fatḥa رَحْمٰن(raḥmān) in South Asia (Pakistan, India and Bangladesh)
  • The word اللّٰه(allāh, Allah) is usually produced automatically by entering "alif + lām + lām + hāʾ" - ا ل ل ه‎ (read from right to left). The word consists of ا(ʾalif) + ligature of doubled ل(lām) with a shadda ـّ‎ and an ʾalif ḵanjariyya above ل(lām).
  • In Wiktionary we use ʾalif ḵanjariyya to generate a correct transliteration ("ā") and to indicate a long /aː/. A fatḥa alone, without ʾalif ḵanjariyya or a long alif ا(ʾalif) would be transliterated as a short /a/.

See alsoEdit

Arabic diacritics
ـَ(-a) ـُ(-u) ـِ(-i) ـّ(--) ـْ(-) ـً(-an) ـٌ(-un) ـٍ(-in) ـٰ() ـۡ‏