ܦܛܝܚܐ

Assyrian Neo-AramaicEdit

 
ܦܛܝܚܐ

EtymologyEdit

While it has been theoretized to have been acquired in Semitic via Egyptian bddw kꜣ (watermelon) from sub-Saharan Africa, there is an explanation as an Iranian borrowing equivalent to Persian بیدخت(bēduxt, Venus), which is the known Akkadian 𒂗 (bēlu, master; Bel, Baal) + Persian دخت(duxt, daughter), literally “daughter of Baal”; compare Arabic بَطِّيخ(baṭṭīḵ) and Hebrew אֲבַטִּיחַ(avatíakh).

PronunciationEdit

  • (standard) IPA(key): [patˤ.iːxɑ]
  • (Nineveh Plains) IPA(key): [patˤ.iːħɑ]

NounEdit

ܦܲܛܝܼܚܵܐ (pāṭṭīḳam (plural ܦܲܛܝܼܚܹ̈ܐ (pāṭṭīḳe))

  1. melon: the large round fruit of a plant of the gourd family, with sweet pulpy flesh and many seeds.
  2. watermelon
    Synonym: ܫܸܦܬܝܼܵܐ
InflectionEdit

Classical SyriacEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compare Arabic بَطِّيخ(baṭṭīḵ) and Hebrew אֲבַטִּיחַ(ʾăḇaṭṭī́aḥ).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [patˤtˤiħɑ] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [patˤtˤiħe] (plural)

NounEdit

ܦܲܛܝܼܚܵܐ (paṭṭīḥām (plural ܦܲܛܝܼܚܹܐ)

  1. watermelon, melon
  2. pumpkin

InflectionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • pṭyḥ”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français ∙ Syriac–English Dictionary ∙ قاموس سرياني-عربي, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, page 273a
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 442a
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, page 1181b