Assyrian Neo-Aramaic edit

Etymology edit

From Aramaic שְׁבָט (šəḇāṭ), from Akkadian 𒌚𒀾 (Šabāṭum, literally month of wheat (i.e. the start of harvest season)); compare Turoyo ܐܷܫܘܷܛ (ëšwëṭ), also borrowed into Hebrew שְׁבָט (sh'vát, Shevat) and Arabic شُبَاط (šubāṭ, February).

Pronunciation edit

  • (standard) IPA(key): [ʃəwɑːtˤ]
  • (Nineveh Plains) IPA(key): [ʔɪʃwatˤ]
  • (Urmian) IPA(key): [ʔɪʃvɑːtˤ]

Proper noun edit

ܫܒ݂ܵܛ (šḇāṭm

  1. The eleventh month of the Assyrian calendar
  2. Shevat (fifth month of the Jewish calendar of thirty days)
  3. February (second month of the Gregorian calendar of twenty-eight days or twenty-nine days on a leap year)

Synonyms edit

Coordinate terms edit

Gregorian calendar months in Assyrian Neo-Aramaic · ܝܲܪ̈ܚܹܐ ܕܣܘܼܪܓܵܕ݂ܵܐ ܡܵܘܠܵܕ݂ܵܝܵܐ (yarḥē d-surgāḏā māwlāḏāyā) (layout · text)
January February March April
ܟܵܢܘܿܢ ܬܪܲܝܵܢܵܐ (kānōn trayyānā) ܫܒ݂ܵܛ (šḇāṭ) ܐܵܕ݂ܵܪ (āḏār) ܢܝܼܣܵܢ (nīsān)
May June July August
ܐܝܼܵܪ (īyār) ܚܙܝܼܪܵܢ (ḥzīrān) ܬܵܡܘܿܙ (tāmōz) ܐܵܒ (āb), ܛܲܒܵܚ (ṭabbāḥ)
September October November December
ܐܝܼܠܘܿܠ (īlōl) ܬܸܫܪܝܼܢ ܩܲܕ݇ܡܵܝܵܐ (tišrīn qammāyā) ܬܸܫܪܝܼܢ ܬܪܲܝܵܢܵܐ (tišrīn trayyānā) ܟܵܢܘܿܢ ܩܲܕ݇ܡܵܝܵܐ (kānōn qammāyā)

Classical Syriac edit

Etymology edit

From Aramaic שְׁבָט (ʾ šḇāṭ), from Akkadian 𒌚𒀾 (Šabāṭum, literally month of wheat).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ܫܒܛ (šḇāṭ)

  1. February
  2. Shevat
Gregorian calendar months in Classical Syriac · ܣܘܪܓܕܐ ܓܪܝܓܘܪܝܐ (layout · text)
January February March April
ܟܢܘܢ ܒ (kānūn b) ܫܒܛ (šḇāṭ) ܐܕܪ (ʾādār) ܢܝܣܢ (nīsān)
May June July August
ܐܝܪ (ʾayyār) ܚܙܝܪܢ (ḥzīrān) ܬܡܘܙ (tammūz) ܐܒ (ʾāb)
September October November December
ܐܝܠܘܠ (ʾīlūl) ܬܫܪܝܢ ܐ (tešrīn ʾ) ܬܫܪܝܢ ܒ (tešrīn b) ܟܢܘܢ ܐ (kānūn ʾ)

Descendants edit

  • Arabic: شباط (šubāṭ)

References edit

  • šb+”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • ܫܒܛ on syriacdictionary.net
  • Jastrow, Marcus (1903) A Dictionary of the Targumim, the Talmud Babli and Yerushalmi, and the Midrashic Literature, London, New York: Luzac & Co., G.P. Putnam's Sons, page 1513
  • Brockelmann, Carl (1928) Lexicon Syriacum (in Latin), 2nd edition, Halle: Max Niemeyer, published 1995, page 752
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 556
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français ∙ Syriac–English Dictionary ∙ قاموس سرياني-عربي, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, page 357

Further reading edit

  ܫܒܛ on the Aramaic Wikipedia.Wikipedia arc