अप्

See also: अप, अपि, and अपी

SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hā́ps, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ep-. Cognate with Avestan 𐬀𐬞(ap), Old Persian 𐎠𐎱𐎡𐎹𐎠 (apiyā, into the water), Tocharian B āp (water), Hittite 𒄩𒉺𒀀 (ḫa-pa-a, towards the river), Persian آب(āb).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

अप् (ápf

  1. water (also personified as a deity)
    Synonyms: जल (jala), पानीय (pānīya), तोय (toya), उदक (udaka)
  2. air
  3. (astronomy) The star δ Virginis in Virgo.

Usage notesEdit

In Vedic Sanskrit, used both in singular and in plural; in Classical Sanskrit, only in plural.

DeclensionEdit

Declension of अप्
Nom. sg.
Gen. sg.
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative आपः (āpaḥ)
Vocative आपः (āpaḥ)
Accusative अपः (apaḥ)
Instrumental अद्भिः (adbhiḥ)
Dative अद्भ्यः (adbhyaḥ)
Ablative अद्भ्यः (adbhyaḥ)
Genitive अपाम् (apām)
Locative अप्सु (apsu)

Derived termsEdit

Borrowed termsEdit

  • Old Marathi: आप (āpa)

DescendantsEdit

  • Dardic: *ā́p, *ā́pas (nom.pl)
    • Dameli: [script needed] (âu)
    • Gawar-Bati: [script needed] (aw)
  • Pali: āpa

ReferencesEdit