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SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *Háśmā, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Háĉmā, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éḱmō. Cognate with Avestan 𐬀𐬯𐬨𐬀𐬥 (asman), Old Persian 𐎠𐎿𐎶𐎠𐎴𐎶 (asmānam), Ancient Greek ἄκμων (ákmōn), Lithuanian akmuo, Persian آسمان (âsemân).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /ɐ́ɕ.mɐn̪/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈɐɕ.mɐn̪/
  • NounEdit

    अश्मन् (áśmanm

    1. a stone, a rock
    2. a precious stone
    3. any instrument made of stone (as a hammer etc.)
    4. thunderbolt
    5. a cloud Naigh
    6. the firmament

    DeclensionEdit

    Masculine an-stem declension of अश्मन् (áśman)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative अश्मा
    áśmā
    अश्मानौ / अश्माना¹
    áśmānau / áśmānā¹
    अश्मानः
    áśmānaḥ
    Vocative अश्मन्
    áśman
    अश्मानौ / अश्माना¹
    áśmānau / áśmānā¹
    अश्मानः
    áśmānaḥ
    Accusative अश्मानम्
    áśmānam
    अश्मानौ / अश्माना¹
    áśmānau / áśmānā¹
    अश्मनः
    áśmanaḥ
    Instrumental अश्मना
    áśmanā
    अश्मभ्याम्
    áśmabhyām
    अश्मभिः
    áśmabhiḥ
    Dative अश्मने
    áśmane
    अश्मभ्याम्
    áśmabhyām
    अश्मभ्यः
    áśmabhyaḥ
    Ablative अश्मनः
    áśmanaḥ
    अश्मभ्याम्
    áśmabhyām
    अश्मभ्यः
    áśmabhyaḥ
    Genitive अश्मनः
    áśmanaḥ
    अश्मनोः
    áśmanoḥ
    अश्मनाम्
    áśmanām
    Locative अश्मनि
    áśmani
    अश्मनोः
    áśmanoḥ
    अश्मसु
    áśmasu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic

    ReferencesEdit

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 114