firmament

See also: Firmament

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

English from the 13th century. Borrowed from Latin firmāmentum (from firmō (strengthen), from firmus (firm)), literally "that which strengthens or supports". The term is coined in the Vulgata in imitation of LXX στερέωμα (steréōma, firm or solid structure), which in turn translates Hebrew רקיע(vault of heaven, celestial dome).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈfɜː(r)məmənt/

NounEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

firmament (plural firmaments)

  1. (uncountable) The vault of the heavens; the sky.
    • 1611, King James Version, Genesis 1:6–8:
      And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters. And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so. And God called the firmament Heaven.
  2. The field or sphere of an interest or activity.
    the international fashion firmament
  3. A piece of jewelry meant to be worn in a headdress.
  4. (archaic, old astronomy) In the geocentric Ptolemaic system, the eighth sphere, which carried the fixed stars.
  5. (obsolete) A foundation; support; basis.
  6. (obsolete) The act or process of making firm or strengthening.

SynonymsEdit

Terms derived from Germanic roots, of the sense “vault of the heavens”

Derived termsEdit

Terms derived from “firmament”

Related termsEdit

Terms derived from Latin “firmō, firmus

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit


CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin firmāmentum.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

firmament m (plural firmaments)

  1. firmament, heavens

Further readingEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch firmament, from Latin firmāmentum, coined by Jerome in the Vulgate to render Ancient Greek στερέωμα (steréōma, firm or solid structure), which in turn translates Hebrew רקיע(vault of heaven).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˌfɪr.maːˈmɛnt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: fir‧ma‧ment
  • Rhymes: -ɛnt

NounEdit

firmament n (plural firmamenten)

  1. firmament (vault or sphere of the heavens, seen as a solid object in older cosmologies; sky)
    Synonyms: gespan, hemelgespan, uitspansel

FrenchEdit

 
French Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fr

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin firmāmentum.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

firmament m (plural firmaments)

  1. firmament

Further readingEdit


NauruanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From German Firmament, from Middle High German firmament, from Late Latin firmāmentum.

NounEdit

firmament

  1. firmament

OccitanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin firmāmentum.

NounEdit

firmament m (plural firmaments)

  1. firmament, heavens

Further readingEdit

  • Joan de Cantalausa (2006) Diccionari general occitan a partir dels parlars lengadocians, 2 edition, →ISBN, page 484.

PolishEdit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin firmāmentum.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

firmament m inan

  1. celestial sphere, heaven, sky
  2. (archaic) foundation

Further readingEdit