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SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compare Avestan 𐬐𐬀𐬛𐬁 (kadā, when).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /kɐ.d̪ɑ́ː/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈkɐ.d̪ɑː/
  • AdverbEdit

    कदा (kadā)

    1. when, at what time?
      कदापिkadāpisometimes
    2. someday, one day
      कदा नkadā nanever
      कदा चित्kadā citat some time
      • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 8.5.22
        कदा वां तौग्र्यो विधत्समुद्रे जहितो नरा ।
        यद्वां रथो विभिष्पतात् ॥
        kadā vāṃ taugryo vidhatsamudre jahito narā .
        yadvāṃ ratho vibhiṣpatāt .
        When did the son of Tugra serve you, Men? Abandoned in the sea,
        That with winged steeds your car might fly.
    3. how?
      • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 7.29.3
        का ते अस्त्यरंकृतिः सूक्तैः कदा नूनं ते मघवन्दाशेम ।
        विश्वा मतीरा ततने त्वायाधा म इन्द्र शृणवो हवेमा ॥
        kā te astyaraṃkṛtiḥ sūktaiḥ kadā nūnaṃ te maghavandāśema .
        viśvā matīrā tatane tvāyādhā ma indra śṛṇavo havemā .
        What satisfaction do our hymns afford thee? When, Maghavan? Now let us do thee service.
        Hymns, only hymns, with love for thee, I weave thee: then hear, O Indra, these mine invocations.

    ReferencesEdit

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 248