From Proto-Indo-European *gʷriHwéh₂. Cognate with Latvian grĩva ‎(river mouth) and Common Slavic *griva ‎(mane).


ग्रीवा ‎(grīvā́f

  1. the back part of the neck, nape, neck (in the earlier literature generally used in plural)
    • RV 6.48.17d
      मा काकम्बीरमुद वर्हो वनस्पतिमशस्तीर्वि हि नीनशः |
      मोत सूरो अह एवा चन ग्रीवा आदधते वेः ||
      mā kākambīramud vṛho vanaspatimaśastīrvi hi nīnaśaḥ |
      mota sūro aha evā cana grīvā ādadhate veḥ ||
      Tear not up by the roots the Kakambira tree: destroy thou all malignity.
      Let them not snare by day the neck of that Celestial Bird the Sun.


Feminine ā-stem declension of ग्रीवा
Nom. sg. ग्रीवा ‎(grīvā)
Gen. sg. ग्रीवायाः ‎(grīvāyāḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ग्रीवा ‎(grīvā) ग्रीवे ‎(grīve) ग्रीवाः ‎(grīvāḥ)
Vocative ग्रीवे ‎(grīve) ग्रीवे ‎(grīve) ग्रीवाः ‎(grīvāḥ)
Accusative ग्रीवाम् ‎(grīvām) ग्रीवे ‎(grīve) ग्रीवाः ‎(grīvāḥ)
Instrumental ग्रीवया ‎(grīvayā) ग्रीवाभ्याम् ‎(grīvābhyām) ग्रीवाभिः ‎(grīvābhiḥ)
Dative ग्रीवायै ‎(grīvāyai) ग्रीवाभ्याम् ‎(grīvābhyām) ग्रीवाभ्यः ‎(grīvābhyaḥ)
Ablative ग्रीवायाः ‎(grīvāyāḥ) ग्रीवाभ्याम् ‎(grīvābhyām) ग्रीवाभ्यः ‎(grīvābhyaḥ)
Genitive ग्रीवायाः ‎(grīvāyāḥ) ग्रीवयोः ‎(grīvayoḥ) ग्रीवाणाम् ‎(grīvāṇām)
Locative ग्रीवायाम् ‎(grīvāyām) ग्रीवयोः ‎(grīvayoḥ) ग्रीवासु ‎(grīvāsu)


  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0374
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