See also: griva and grīvā

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 Grīva on Latvian Wikipedia

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Grīva

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *grīwā, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷrīwā (< *gʷriHweh₂) “neck”, “nape,” from the stem *gʷer- “throat,” “to swallow”, whence also Latvian dzert “to drink”). Cognates include Proto-Slavic *griva ‎(mane) (Russian грива ‎(gríva, mane) (dialectal also “narrow bay,” “steep river bank”), Belarusian грыва ‎(hryva, mane) (dialectal also “dry place in a swamp”), Ukrainian грива ‎(hryva, mane), Czech hříva, Polish grzywa), Sanskrit ग्रीवा ‎(grīvā́, neck).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

grīva f (4th declension)

  1. estuary, mouth (the place at which a river reaches the sea)
    padziļināt upes grīvu — to deepen the river's estuary
    pie Daugavas grīvas bija pārāk daudz zvejnieku — at the mouth of the Daugava there were too many fishermen

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “grīva”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7
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