See also: griva and grīvā

Contents

LatvianEdit

 grīva on Latvian Wikipedia
 
Grīva

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *grīwā, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷrīwā (< *gʷriHweh₂) “neck”, “nape,” from the stem *gʷer- “throat,” “to swallow”, whence also Latvian dzert “to drink”). Cognates include Proto-Slavic *griva(mane) (Russian грива(gríva, mane) (dialectal also “narrow bay,” “steep river bank”), Belarusian грыва(hryva, mane) (dialectal also “dry place in a swamp”), Ukrainian грива(hryva, mane), Czech hříva, Polish grzywa), Sanskrit ग्रीवा(grīvā́, neck).[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

NounEdit

grīva f (4th declension)

  1. estuary, mouth (the place at which a river reaches the sea)
    padziļināt upes grīvu‎ ― to deepen the river's estuary
    pie Daugavas grīvas bija pārāk daudz zvejnieku‎ ― at the mouth of the Daugava there were too many fishermen

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “grīva”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7