See also: घात

Sanskrit

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Alternative scripts

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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From घृ (ghṛ, to rub, to ceremonially anoint, to sprinkle) +‎ -त (-ta, verbal adjective suffix).

Cognate with Ancient Greek χριστός (khristós, rubbed, anointed) whence English Christ.

Adjective

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घृत (ghṛtá)

  1. sprinkled
Declension
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Masculine a-stem declension of घृत
Nom. sg. घृतः (ghṛtaḥ)
Gen. sg. घृतस्य (ghṛtasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative घृतः (ghṛtaḥ) घृतौ (ghṛtau) घृताः (ghṛtāḥ)
Vocative घृत (ghṛta) घृतौ (ghṛtau) घृताः (ghṛtāḥ)
Accusative घृतम् (ghṛtam) घृतौ (ghṛtau) घृतान् (ghṛtān)
Instrumental घृतेन (ghṛtena) घृताभ्याम् (ghṛtābhyām) घृतैः (ghṛtaiḥ)
Dative घृताय (ghṛtāya) घृताभ्याम् (ghṛtābhyām) घृतेभ्यः (ghṛtebhyaḥ)
Ablative घृतात् (ghṛtāt) घृताभ्याम् (ghṛtābhyām) घृतेभ्यः (ghṛtebhyaḥ)
Genitive घृतस्य (ghṛtasya) घृतयोः (ghṛtayoḥ) घृतानाम् (ghṛtānām)
Locative घृते (ghṛte) घृतयोः (ghṛtayoḥ) घृतेषु (ghṛteṣu)
Feminine ā-stem declension of घृत
Nom. sg. घृता (ghṛtā)
Gen. sg. घृतायाः (ghṛtāyāḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative घृता (ghṛtā) घृते (ghṛte) घृताः (ghṛtāḥ)
Vocative घृते (ghṛte) घृते (ghṛte) घृताः (ghṛtāḥ)
Accusative घृताम् (ghṛtām) घृते (ghṛte) घृताः (ghṛtāḥ)
Instrumental घृतया (ghṛtayā) घृताभ्याम् (ghṛtābhyām) घृताभिः (ghṛtābhiḥ)
Dative घृतायै (ghṛtāyai) घृताभ्याम् (ghṛtābhyām) घृताभ्यः (ghṛtābhyaḥ)
Ablative घृतायाः (ghṛtāyāḥ) घृताभ्याम् (ghṛtābhyām) घृताभ्यः (ghṛtābhyaḥ)
Genitive घृतायाः (ghṛtāyāḥ) घृतयोः (ghṛtayoḥ) घृतानाम् (ghṛtānām)
Locative घृतायाम् (ghṛtāyām) घृतयोः (ghṛtayoḥ) घृतासु (ghṛtāsu)
Neuter a-stem declension of घृत
Nom. sg. घृतम् (ghṛtam)
Gen. sg. घृतस्य (ghṛtasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative घृतम् (ghṛtam) घृते (ghṛte) घृतानि (ghṛtāni)
Vocative घृत (ghṛta) घृते (ghṛte) घृतानि (ghṛtāni)
Accusative घृतम् (ghṛtam) घृते (ghṛte) घृतानि (ghṛtāni)
Instrumental घृतेन (ghṛtena) घृताभ्याम् (ghṛtābhyām) घृतैः (ghṛtaiḥ)
Dative घृताय (ghṛtāya) घृताभ्याम् (ghṛtābhyām) घृतेभ्यः (ghṛtebhyaḥ)
Ablative घृतात् (ghṛtāt) घृताभ्याम् (ghṛtābhyām) घृतेभ्यः (ghṛtebhyaḥ)
Genitive घृतस्य (ghṛtasya) घृतयोः (ghṛtayoḥ) घृतानाम् (ghṛtānām)
Locative घृते (ghṛte) घृतयोः (ghṛtayoḥ) घृतेषु (ghṛteṣu)

Etymology 2

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From घृ (ghṛ, to shine, burn) +‎ -त (-ta, verbal adjective suffix).

Adjective

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घृत (ghṛtá)

  1. illumined
Declension
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Masculine a-stem declension of घृत
Nom. sg. घृतः (ghṛtaḥ)
Gen. sg. घृतस्य (ghṛtasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative घृतः (ghṛtaḥ) घृतौ (ghṛtau) घृताः (ghṛtāḥ)
Vocative घृत (ghṛta) घृतौ (ghṛtau) घृताः (ghṛtāḥ)
Accusative घृतम् (ghṛtam) घृतौ (ghṛtau) घृतान् (ghṛtān)
Instrumental घृतेन (ghṛtena) घृताभ्याम् (ghṛtābhyām) घृतैः (ghṛtaiḥ)
Dative घृताय (ghṛtāya) घृताभ्याम् (ghṛtābhyām) घृतेभ्यः (ghṛtebhyaḥ)
Ablative घृतात् (ghṛtāt) घृताभ्याम् (ghṛtābhyām) घृतेभ्यः (ghṛtebhyaḥ)
Genitive घृतस्य (ghṛtasya) घृतयोः (ghṛtayoḥ) घृतानाम् (ghṛtānām)
Locative घृते (ghṛte) घृतयोः (ghṛtayoḥ) घृतेषु (ghṛteṣu)
Feminine ā-stem declension of घृत
Nom. sg. घृता (ghṛtā)
Gen. sg. घृतायाः (ghṛtāyāḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative घृता (ghṛtā) घृते (ghṛte) घृताः (ghṛtāḥ)
Vocative घृते (ghṛte) घृते (ghṛte) घृताः (ghṛtāḥ)
Accusative घृताम् (ghṛtām) घृते (ghṛte) घृताः (ghṛtāḥ)
Instrumental घृतया (ghṛtayā) घृताभ्याम् (ghṛtābhyām) घृताभिः (ghṛtābhiḥ)
Dative घृतायै (ghṛtāyai) घृताभ्याम् (ghṛtābhyām) घृताभ्यः (ghṛtābhyaḥ)
Ablative घृतायाः (ghṛtāyāḥ) घृताभ्याम् (ghṛtābhyām) घृताभ्यः (ghṛtābhyaḥ)
Genitive घृतायाः (ghṛtāyāḥ) घृतयोः (ghṛtayoḥ) घृतानाम् (ghṛtānām)
Locative घृतायाम् (ghṛtāyām) घृतयोः (ghṛtayoḥ) घृतासु (ghṛtāsu)
Neuter a-stem declension of घृत
Nom. sg. घृतम् (ghṛtam)
Gen. sg. घृतस्य (ghṛtasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative घृतम् (ghṛtam) घृते (ghṛte) घृतानि (ghṛtāni)
Vocative घृत (ghṛta) घृते (ghṛte) घृतानि (ghṛtāni)
Accusative घृतम् (ghṛtam) घृते (ghṛte) घृतानि (ghṛtāni)
Instrumental घृतेन (ghṛtena) घृताभ्याम् (ghṛtābhyām) घृतैः (ghṛtaiḥ)
Dative घृताय (ghṛtāya) घृताभ्याम् (ghṛtābhyām) घृतेभ्यः (ghṛtebhyaḥ)
Ablative घृतात् (ghṛtāt) घृताभ्याम् (ghṛtābhyām) घृतेभ्यः (ghṛtebhyaḥ)
Genitive घृतस्य (ghṛtasya) घृतयोः (ghṛtayoḥ) घृतानाम् (ghṛtānām)
Locative घृते (ghṛte) घृतयोः (ghṛtayoḥ) घृतेषु (ghṛteṣu)

Etymology 3

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Of uncertain origin.

Traditionally derived from the root घृ (ghṛ, to rub, sprinkle) and compared with विघृत (vighṛta, besprinkled, dripping).[1] However, considering that the word refers to "melted (heated) butter", it is more likely that the word derives from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰr-tos, from *gʷʰer- (warm, hot). In the latter case, cognate with Etymology 2, as well as Middle Irish gert (a product of cattle excluding calves, esp. milk or manure).[2]

Noun

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घृत (ghṛtá) stemn

  1. ghee i.e. clarified butter or butter which has been boiled gently and allowed to cool (it is used for culinary and religious purposes and is highly esteemed by the Hindus), fat (as an emblem of fertility), fluid grease, cream
  2. the spiritual bliss obtained from the divine cow (Vedic)
    • RV 1.87.2d
    • RV 1.134.6g
      बभ्रवे नु सवतवसे ऽरुणाय दिविस्प्र्शे
      विश्वा इत ते धेनवो दुह्र आशिरं घृतं दुह्रत आशिरम
      babhrave nu savatavase ʼruṇāya divisprśe
      viśvā ita te dhenavo duhra āśiraṃ ghṛtaṃ duhrata āśirama
      Yea, poured by all invoking tribes who free themselves from taint of sin,
      For thee all cows are milked to yield the Soma-milk, to yield the butter and the milk.
  3. (= उदक (udaka)) fertilizing rain (considered as the fat which drops from heaven), water
  4. name of a son of Dharma (grandson of Anu and father of Duduha)
Declension
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Neuter a-stem declension of घृत (ghṛtá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative घृतम्
ghṛtám
घृते
ghṛté
घृतानि / घृता¹
ghṛtā́ni / ghṛtā́¹
Vocative घृत
ghṛ́ta
घृते
ghṛ́te
घृतानि / घृता¹
ghṛ́tāni / ghṛ́tā¹
Accusative घृतम्
ghṛtám
घृते
ghṛté
घृतानि / घृता¹
ghṛtā́ni / ghṛtā́¹
Instrumental घृतेन
ghṛténa
घृताभ्याम्
ghṛtā́bhyām
घृतैः / घृतेभिः¹
ghṛtaíḥ / ghṛtébhiḥ¹
Dative घृताय
ghṛtā́ya
घृताभ्याम्
ghṛtā́bhyām
घृतेभ्यः
ghṛtébhyaḥ
Ablative घृतात्
ghṛtā́t
घृताभ्याम्
ghṛtā́bhyām
घृतेभ्यः
ghṛtébhyaḥ
Genitive घृतस्य
ghṛtásya
घृतयोः
ghṛtáyoḥ
घृतानाम्
ghṛtā́nām
Locative घृते
ghṛté
घृतयोः
ghṛtáyoḥ
घृतेषु
ghṛtéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
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Descendants
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References

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  1. ^ Mayrhofer, Manfred (1992) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan]‎[1] (in German), volume 1, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 516
  2. ^ Lubotsky, Alexander (2011) The Indo-Aryan Inherited Lexicon (in progress) (Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Project), Leiden University, pages 212-3