See also: घात

Contents

SanskritEdit

Etymology 1Edit

AdjectiveEdit

घृत ‎(ghṛtá)

  1. sprinkled
DeclensionEdit
Masculine a-stem declension of घृत
Nom. sg. घृतः(ghṛtaḥ)
Gen. sg. घृतस्य(ghṛtasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative घृतः(ghṛtaḥ) घृतौ(ghṛtau) घृताः(ghṛtāḥ)
Vocative घृत(ghṛta) घृतौ(ghṛtau) घृताः(ghṛtāḥ)
Accusative घृतम्(ghṛtam) घृतौ(ghṛtau) घृतान्(ghṛtān)
Instrumental घृतेन(ghṛtena) घृताभ्याम्(ghṛtābhyām) घृतैः(ghṛtaiḥ)
Dative घृताय(ghṛtāya) घृताभ्याम्(ghṛtābhyām) घृतेभ्यः(ghṛtebhyaḥ)
Ablative घृतात्(ghṛtāt) घृताभ्याम्(ghṛtābhyām) घृतेभ्यः(ghṛtebhyaḥ)
Genitive घृतस्य(ghṛtasya) घृतयोः(ghṛtayoḥ) घृतानाम्(ghṛtānām)
Locative घृते(ghṛte) घृतयोः(ghṛtayoḥ) घृतेषु(ghṛteṣu)
Feminine ā-stem declension of घृत
Nom. sg. घृता(ghṛtā)
Gen. sg. घृतायाः(ghṛtāyāḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative घृता(ghṛtā) घृते(ghṛte) घृताः(ghṛtāḥ)
Vocative घृते(ghṛte) घृते(ghṛte) घृताः(ghṛtāḥ)
Accusative घृताम्(ghṛtām) घृते(ghṛte) घृताः(ghṛtāḥ)
Instrumental घृतया(ghṛtayā) घृताभ्याम्(ghṛtābhyām) घृताभिः(ghṛtābhiḥ)
Dative घृतायै(ghṛtāyai) घृताभ्याम्(ghṛtābhyām) घृताभ्यः(ghṛtābhyaḥ)
Ablative घृतायाः(ghṛtāyāḥ) घृताभ्याम्(ghṛtābhyām) घृताभ्यः(ghṛtābhyaḥ)
Genitive घृतायाः(ghṛtāyāḥ) घृतयोः(ghṛtayoḥ) घृतानाम्(ghṛtānām)
Locative घृतायाम्(ghṛtāyām) घृतयोः(ghṛtayoḥ) घृतासु(ghṛtāsu)
Neuter a-stem declension of घृत
Nom. sg. घृतम्(ghṛtam)
Gen. sg. घृतस्य(ghṛtasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative घृतम्(ghṛtam) घृते(ghṛte) घृतानि(ghṛtāni)
Vocative घृत(ghṛta) घृते(ghṛte) घृतानि(ghṛtāni)
Accusative घृतम्(ghṛtam) घृते(ghṛte) घृतानि(ghṛtāni)
Instrumental घृतेन(ghṛtena) घृताभ्याम्(ghṛtābhyām) घृतैः(ghṛtaiḥ)
Dative घृता(ghṛtā) घृताभ्याम्(ghṛtābhyām) घृतेभ्यः(ghṛtebhyaḥ)
Ablative घृतात्(ghṛtāt) घृताभ्याम्(ghṛtābhyām) घृतेभ्यः(ghṛtebhyaḥ)
Genitive घृतस्य(ghṛtasya) घृतयोः(ghṛtayoḥ) घृतानाम्(ghṛtānām)
Locative घृते(ghṛte) घृतयोः(ghṛtayoḥ) घृतेषु(ghṛteṣu)

NounEdit

घृत ‎(ghṛtán

  1. ghee i.e. clarified butter or butter which has been boiled gently and allowed to cool (it is used for culinary and religious purposes and is highly esteemed by the Hindus), fat (as an emblem of fertility), fluid grease, cream
    • RV 1.87.2d
      उपह्वरेषु यदचिध्वं ययिं वय इव मरुतः केन चित पथा |
      शचोतन्ति कोशा उप वो रथेष्वा घर्तमुक्षता मधुवर्णमर्चते ||
      upahvareṣu yadacidhvaṃ yayiṃ vaya iva marutaḥ kena cit pathā |
      ścotanti kośā upa vo ratheṣvā ghṛtamukṣatā madhuvarṇamarcate ||
      When, Maruts, on the steeps ye pile the moving cloud, ye are like birds on whatsoever path it be.
      Clouds everywhere shed forth the rain upon your cars. Drop fatness, honey-hued, for him who sings your praise.
    • RV 1.134.6g
      बभ्रवे नु सवतवसे ऽरुणाय दिविस्प्र्शे |
      विश्वा इत ते धेनवो दुह्र आशिरं घृतं दुह्रत आशिरम ||
      tvaṃ no vāyaveṣāmapūrvyaḥ somānāṃ prathamaḥ pītimarhasi sutānāṃ pītimarhasi |
      viśvā it te dhenavo duhra āśiraṃ ghṛtaṃ duhrata āśiram ||
      Thou, Vāyu, who hast none before thee, first of all hast right to drink these offerings of Soma juice, hast right to drink the juice out-poured,
      Yea, poured by all invoking tribes who free themselves from taint of sin, For thee all cows are milked to yield the Soma-milk, to yield the butter and the milk.
  2. (= उदक(udaka)) fertilizing rain (considered as the fat which drops from heaven), water
  3. name of a son of Dharma (grandson of Anu and father of Duduha)
DeclensionEdit
Neuter a-stem declension of घृत
Nom. sg. घृतम्(ghṛtam)
Gen. sg. घृतस्य(ghṛtasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative घृतम्(ghṛtam) घृते(ghṛte) घृतानि(ghṛtāni)
Vocative घृत(ghṛta) घृते(ghṛte) घृतानि(ghṛtāni)
Accusative घृतम्(ghṛtam) घृते(ghṛte) घृतानि(ghṛtāni)
Instrumental घृतेन(ghṛtena) घृताभ्याम्(ghṛtābhyām) घृतैः(ghṛtaiḥ)
Dative घृता(ghṛtā) घृताभ्याम्(ghṛtābhyām) घृतेभ्यः(ghṛtebhyaḥ)
Ablative घृतात्(ghṛtāt) घृताभ्याम्(ghṛtābhyām) घृतेभ्यः(ghṛtebhyaḥ)
Genitive घृतस्य(ghṛtasya) घृतयोः(ghṛtayoḥ) घृतानाम्(ghṛtānām)
Locative घृते(ghṛte) घृतयोः(ghṛtayoḥ) घृतेषु(ghṛteṣu)

Etymology 2Edit

AdjectiveEdit

घृत ‎(ghṛtá)

  1. illumined
DeclensionEdit
Masculine a-stem declension of घृत
Nom. sg. घृतः(ghṛtaḥ)
Gen. sg. घृतस्य(ghṛtasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative घृतः(ghṛtaḥ) घृतौ(ghṛtau) घृताः(ghṛtāḥ)
Vocative घृत(ghṛta) घृतौ(ghṛtau) घृताः(ghṛtāḥ)
Accusative घृतम्(ghṛtam) घृतौ(ghṛtau) घृतान्(ghṛtān)
Instrumental घृतेन(ghṛtena) घृताभ्याम्(ghṛtābhyām) घृतैः(ghṛtaiḥ)
Dative घृताय(ghṛtāya) घृताभ्याम्(ghṛtābhyām) घृतेभ्यः(ghṛtebhyaḥ)
Ablative घृतात्(ghṛtāt) घृताभ्याम्(ghṛtābhyām) घृतेभ्यः(ghṛtebhyaḥ)
Genitive घृतस्य(ghṛtasya) घृतयोः(ghṛtayoḥ) घृतानाम्(ghṛtānām)
Locative घृते(ghṛte) घृतयोः(ghṛtayoḥ) घृतेषु(ghṛteṣu)
Feminine ā-stem declension of घृत
Nom. sg. घृता(ghṛtā)
Gen. sg. घृतायाः(ghṛtāyāḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative घृता(ghṛtā) घृते(ghṛte) घृताः(ghṛtāḥ)
Vocative घृते(ghṛte) घृते(ghṛte) घृताः(ghṛtāḥ)
Accusative घृताम्(ghṛtām) घृते(ghṛte) घृताः(ghṛtāḥ)
Instrumental घृतया(ghṛtayā) घृताभ्याम्(ghṛtābhyām) घृताभिः(ghṛtābhiḥ)
Dative घृतायै(ghṛtāyai) घृताभ्याम्(ghṛtābhyām) घृताभ्यः(ghṛtābhyaḥ)
Ablative घृतायाः(ghṛtāyāḥ) घृताभ्याम्(ghṛtābhyām) घृताभ्यः(ghṛtābhyaḥ)
Genitive घृतायाः(ghṛtāyāḥ) घृतयोः(ghṛtayoḥ) घृतानाम्(ghṛtānām)
Locative घृतायाम्(ghṛtāyām) घृतयोः(ghṛtayoḥ) घृतासु(ghṛtāsu)
Neuter a-stem declension of घृत
Nom. sg. घृतम्(ghṛtam)
Gen. sg. घृतस्य(ghṛtasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative घृतम्(ghṛtam) घृते(ghṛte) घृतानि(ghṛtāni)
Vocative घृत(ghṛta) घृते(ghṛte) घृतानि(ghṛtāni)
Accusative घृतम्(ghṛtam) घृते(ghṛte) घृतानि(ghṛtāni)
Instrumental घृतेन(ghṛtena) घृताभ्याम्(ghṛtābhyām) घृतैः(ghṛtaiḥ)
Dative घृता(ghṛtā) घृताभ्याम्(ghṛtābhyām) घृतेभ्यः(ghṛtebhyaḥ)
Ablative घृतात्(ghṛtāt) घृताभ्याम्(ghṛtābhyām) घृतेभ्यः(ghṛtebhyaḥ)
Genitive घृतस्य(ghṛtasya) घृतयोः(ghṛtayoḥ) घृतानाम्(ghṛtānām)
Locative घृते(ghṛte) घृतयोः(ghṛtayoḥ) घृतेषु(ghṛteṣu)

ReferencesEdit

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0378