चतुरङ्ग

SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compound of चतुर् ‎(catur, four) and अङ्ग ‎(aṅga, limb, member).

AdjectiveEdit

चतुरङ्ग ‎(cátur-aṅga)

  1. having 4 limbs (or extremities) (RV. X, 92, 11, ŚBr. XII)
    • RV 10.92.11
      ते हि दयावाप्र्थिवी भूरिरेतसा नराशंसश्चतुरङगोयमो.अदितिः |
      देवस्त्वष्टा दरविणोदा रभुक्षणः पररोदसी मरुतो विष्णुरर्हिरे ||
      te hi dyāvāpṛthivī bhūriretasā narāśaṃsaścaturaṅghoyamo.aditiḥ |
      devastvaṣṭā draviṇodā ṛbhukṣaṇaḥ prarodasī maruto viṣṇurarhire ||
      For these, the Earth and Heaven with their abundant seed, four-bodied Narāśaṁsa, Yama, Aditi,
      God Tvaṣṭar Wealth-bestower, the Ṛbhukṣaṇas, Rodasī, Maruts, Viṣṇu, claim and merit praise.
  2. (with बल ‎(bala, an army)) comprising (4 parts, viz.) elephants, chariots, cavalry, and infantry (MBh. III, 790, R. II, 51, 7)

DeclensionEdit

NounEdit

चतुरङ्ग ‎(cátur-aṅgam

  1. Cucumis utilissimus (?) (L.)
  2. name of a son of रोमपाद ‎(roma-pāda) or लोमपाद ‎(loma-pāda) (Hariv. 1697 f., BhP. IX, 23, 10)
  3. (scil. बल ‎(bala)) = चतुरङ्गबल ‎(cátur-aṅga-bala) (AV., Pariś. ??, MBh. IX, 446)
  4. (chess) a kind of chess (played by 4 parties) (Tithyād.)

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0384
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