English edit

Etymology edit

The noun is from Middle English part, from Old English part (part) and Old French part (part); both from Latin partem, accusative of pars (piece, portion, share, side, party, faction, role, character, lot, fate, task, lesson, part, member), from Proto-Indo-European *par-, *per- (to sell, exchange). The verb is from Middle English parten, from Old French partir. Akin to portio (a portion, part), parare (to make ready, prepare). Displaced Middle English del, dele (part) (from Old English dǣl (part, distribution) > Modern English deal (portion; amount)), Middle English dale, dole (part, portion) (from Old English dāl (portion) > Modern English dole), Middle English sliver (part, portion) (from Middle English sliven (to cut, cleave), from Old English (tō)slīfan (to split)).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

part (plural parts)

  1. A portion; a component.
    1. A fraction of a whole.
      Gaul is divided into three parts.
      • 1992, Rudolf M[athias] Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian, volume V, New York, N.Y.: Columbia University Press, →ISBN, page vii:
        Hepaticology, outside the temperate parts of the Northern Hemisphere, still lies deep in the shadow cast by that ultimate "closet taxonomist," Franz Stephani—a ghost whose shadow falls over us all.
      • 2013 June 1, “Towards the end of poverty”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8838, page 11:
        America’s poverty line is $63 a day for a family of four. In the richer parts of the emerging world $4 a day is the poverty barrier. But poverty’s scourge is fiercest below $1.25 ([…]): people below that level live lives that are poor, nasty, brutish and short.
    2. A distinct element of something larger.
      The parts of a chainsaw include the chain, engine, and handle.
    3. A group inside a larger group.
    4. Share, especially of a profit.
      I want my part of the bounty.
    5. A unit of relative proportion in a mixture.
      The mixture comprises one part sodium hydroxide and ten parts water.
    6. 3.5 centiliters of one ingredient in a mixed drink.
    7. A section of a document.
      Please turn to Part I, Chapter 2.
    8. A section of land; an area of a country or other territory; region.
    9. (mathematics, dated) A factor.
      3 is a part of 12.
    10. (US) A room in a public building, especially a courtroom.
  2. Duty; responsibility.
    to do one’s part
    1. Position or role (especially in a play).
      We all have a part to play.
      • 1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter II, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., →OCLC:
        We drove back to the office with some concern on my part at the prospect of so large a case. Sunning himself on the board steps, I saw for the first time Mr. Farquhar Fenelon Cooke. He was dressed out in broad gaiters and bright tweeds, like an English tourist, and his face might have belonged to Dagon, idol of the Philistines.
      • 1918, W[illiam] B[abington] Maxwell, chapter V, in The Mirror and the Lamp, Indianapolis, Ind.: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, →OCLC:
        He was thinking; but the glory of the song, the swell from the great organ, the clustered lights, [], the height and vastness of this noble fane, its antiquity and its strength—all these things seemed to have their part as causes of the thrilling emotion that accompanied his thoughts.
    2. (music) The melody played or sung by a particular instrument, voice, or group of instruments or voices, within a polyphonic piece.
      The first violin part in this concerto is very challenging.
    3. Each of two contrasting sides of an argument, debate etc.; "hand".
  3. (US) The dividing line formed by combing the hair in different directions.
    The part of his hair was slightly to the left.
  4. (Judaism) In the Hebrew lunisolar calendar, a unit of time equivalent to 3⅓ seconds.
  5. A constituent of character or capacity; quality; faculty; talent; usually in the plural with a collective sense.

Synonyms edit

Hyponyms edit

Holonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Cantonese: part (paat1), parts (paat1 si2) (from the plural noun form)
  • Japanese: パート (pāto), パーツ (pātsu) (from the plural noun form)

Translations edit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb edit

part (third-person singular simple present parts, present participle parting, simple past and past participle parted)

  1. (intransitive) To leave the company of.
    • c. 1596–1598 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Merchant of Venice”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act II, scene vii]:
      He wrung Bassanio's hand, and so they parted.
    • 1879, Anthony Trollope, John Caldigate:
      It was strange to him that a father should feel no tenderness at parting with an only son.
    • 1841, Andrew Reed, The is an Hour when I must Part[1]:
      There is an hour when I must part / From all I hold most dear
    • 1860, George Eliot, Recollections of Italy:
      his precious bag, which he would by no means part from
  2. To cut hair with a parting.
  3. (transitive) To divide in two.
    to part the curtains
  4. (intransitive) To be divided in two or separated.
    A rope parts.  His hair parts in the middle.
  5. (transitive, now rare) To divide up; to share.
  6. (obsolete) To have a part or share; to partake.
  7. To separate or disunite; to remove from contact or contiguity; to sunder.
  8. (obsolete) To hold apart; to stand or intervene between.
  9. To separate by a process of extraction, elimination, or secretion.
    to part gold from silver
    • 1718, Mat[thew] Prior, “Alma: Or, The Progress of the Mind”, in Poems on Several Occasions, London: [] Jacob Tonson [], and John Barber [], →OCLC:
      The liver minds his own affair, [] / And parts and strains the vital juices.
  10. (transitive, archaic) To leave; to quit.
  11. (transitive, Internet) To leave (an IRC channel).
    • 2000, Phantom, “Re: Uhm... hi... I guess...”, in alt.support.boy-lovers (Usenet):
      He parted the channel saying "SHUTUP!" [] so I queried him, asking if there was something I could do [] maybe talk [] so we did [] since then, I've been seeing him on IRC every day (really can't imagine him not being on IRC anymore actually).

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Adjective edit

part (not comparable)

  1. Fractional; partial.
    Fred was part owner of the car.

Translations edit

Adverb edit

part (not comparable)

  1. Partly; partially; fractionally.
    Part finished

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

References edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Catalan edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Catalan part, from Latin partus.

Noun edit

part m (plural parts)

  1. birthing (act of giving birth)
    Synonyms: deslliurament, desocupament
  2. (figuratively) birth of an idea
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Old Catalan part, from Latin partem, from Proto-Italic *partis.

Noun edit

part f (plural parts)

  1. part, portion
    les parts (genitals, privates parts)
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

Borrowed from Latin Parthus (Parthia).

Adjective edit

part (feminine parta, masculine plural parts, feminine plural partes)

  1. Parthian

Noun edit

part m (plural parts, feminine parta)

  1. Parthian

Related terms edit

References edit

Chinese edit

Etymology 1 edit

From English part.

Pronunciation edit


Noun edit

part

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese) part, portion, or component of the whole
    part全部唔識 [Cantonese, trad.]
    part全部唔识 [Cantonese, simp.]
    fan6 gyun2 ni1 jat1 paat1 ngo5 cyun4 bou6 dou1 m4 sik1. [Jyutping]
    I don't know how to do any of the questions in this part of the paper.

Classifier edit

part

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese) Classifier for part, portion, or component of the whole.
  2. (Hong Kong Cantonese) Classifier for the activity of dancing.

Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Clipping of English partner.[1]

Pronunciation edit


Verb edit

part

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese) to partner with
    part做嘢開心 [Cantonese, trad.]
    part做嘢开心 [Cantonese, simp.]
    ngo5 paat1 zyu6 keoi5 zou6 je5 hou2 hoi1 sam1. [Jyutping]
    I have great pleasure in partnering with him in work.
  2. (Hong Kong Cantonese) to partner in doing something
    part [Cantonese, trad. and simp.]
    ngo5 m4 soeng2 tung4 keoi5 paat1 ni1 sau2 go1. [Jyutping]
    I don't want to partner with him in singing this song.

References edit

  1. ^ Robert S. Bauer (2010), “The Graphemic Representation of English Loanwords in Cantonese”, in Dialects in South East China, issue 24, →JSTOR, pages 227-246

Cypriot Arabic edit

Root
p-r-t
5 terms

Etymology edit

From Arabicبَرْد(bard).

Noun edit

part m

  1. cold

References edit

  • Borg, Alexander (2004) A Comparative Glossary of Cypriot Maronite Arabic (Arabic–English) (Handbook of Oriental Studies; I.70), Leiden and Boston: Brill, page 155

Czech edit

Etymology edit

Latin pars

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

part m inan

  1. part (the melody played or sung by a particular instrument, voice, or group of instruments or voices, within a polyphonic piece)

Declension edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

  • part in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • part in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

part n (plural parten, diminutive partje n)

  1. part

Descendants edit

Estonian edit

Etymology edit

Onomatopoetic. Cognate to Votic partti. Probably the same root as in parisema (to thud with pauses).

Noun edit

part (genitive pardi, partitive parti)

  1. duck

Declension edit

Declension of part (ÕS type 22e/riik, t-d gradation)
singular plural
nominative part pardid
accusative nom.
gen. pardi
genitive partide
partitive parti parte
partisid
illative parti
pardisse
partidesse
pardesse
inessive pardis partides
pardes
elative pardist partidest
pardest
allative pardile partidele
pardele
adessive pardil partidel
pardel
ablative pardilt partidelt
pardelt
translative pardiks partideks
pardeks
terminative pardini partideni
essive pardina partidena
abessive pardita partideta
comitative pardiga partidega

Faroese edit

Noun edit

part m

  1. participle accusative singular of partur
    fyri ein part - partial

French edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old French part, from Latin partem, accusative of pars, from Proto-Italic *partis.

Noun edit

part f (plural parts)

  1. share
    une grande parta large share
  2. portion, part, slice
    une grande part de tartea large portion of cake
    pour ma partfor my part, as far as I'm concerned, as for me
    pour la part de mon ami
    as far as my friend's concerned, as for my friend
  3. proportion
    une grande part de quelque chosea large proportion of something
    il y a une grande part de fiction dans son récit
    his/her account is highly fictional
Synonyms edit
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Conjugated form of -ir verb partir

Verb edit

part

  1. third-person singular present indicative of partir

Etymology 3 edit

From Latin partus.

Noun edit

part m (plural parts)

  1. newborn

Further reading edit

Friulian edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Latin pars, partem.

Noun edit

part f (plural parts)

  1. part
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Latin partus.

Noun edit

part m (plural parts)

  1. delivery, birth, childbirth

See also edit

Hungarian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Italian, from Latin portus. Compare Italian porto (port, harbour).[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

part (plural partok)

  1. shore, coast, bank, beach

Declension edit

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative part partok
accusative partot partokat
dative partnak partoknak
instrumental parttal partokkal
causal-final partért partokért
translative parttá partokká
terminative partig partokig
essive-formal partként partokként
essive-modal
inessive partban partokban
superessive parton partokon
adessive partnál partoknál
illative partba partokba
sublative partra partokra
allative parthoz partokhoz
elative partból partokból
delative partról partokról
ablative parttól partoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
parté partoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
partéi partokéi
Possessive forms of part
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. partom partjaim
2nd person sing. partod partjaid
3rd person sing. partja partjai
1st person plural partunk partjaink
2nd person plural partotok partjaitok
3rd person plural partjuk partjaik

Derived terms edit

Compound words

References edit

  1. ^ part in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Further reading edit

  • part in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Icelandic edit

Noun edit

part

  1. indefinite accusative singular of partur

Ladin edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Latin pars, partem.

Noun edit

part f (plural part)

  1. part

Related terms edit

Middle English edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Old French part and Old English part, both from Latin partem, accusative singular of pars, from Proto-Italic *partis.

Noun edit

part (plural partes)

  1. part

Descendants edit

References edit

Polish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /part/
  • Rhymes: -art
  • Syllabification: part

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Old Polish port, from Proto-Slavic *pъrtъ.

Noun edit

part m inan

  1. thick hemp or linen fabric
    Hypernym: płótno
  2. twine braided tape
    Hypernym: taśma
Declension edit
Derived terms edit
adjective
nouns
verb
Related terms edit
adjective
nouns
verbs

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from German Part(e), from Middle High German part, from Old French part, from Latin pars.

Noun edit

part m inan

  1. (music) part
    Synonym: partia
  2. (regional, fishing) share of the catch for each fisherman
    Hypernyms: część, dola, udział
Alternative forms edit
Related terms edit
adjective

Further reading edit

  • part in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

From French parthe.

Adjective edit

part m or n (feminine singular partă, masculine plural parți, feminine and neuter plural parte)

  1. Parthian (relating to Parthia)

Declension edit

Swedish edit

Etymology edit

Ultimately borrowed from Latin pars.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

part c

  1. part, piece
  2. party (law: person), stakeholder
    att vara part i målet
    to have a stake in the claim, to partial, to be biased
    arbetsmarknadens parter
    the stakeholders of the labour market, i.e. trade unions and employers' organizations

Declension edit

Declension of part 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative part parten parter parterna
Genitive parts partens parters parternas

Related terms edit

Anagrams edit

Veps edit

Etymology edit

Borrowing from Russian парта (parta).

Noun edit

part

  1. school desk

Declension edit

Inflection of part (inflection type 5/sana)
nominative sing. part
genitive sing. partan
partitive sing. partad
partitive plur. partoid
singular plural
nominative part partad
accusative partan partad
genitive partan partoiden
partitive partad partoid
essive-instructive partan partoin
translative partaks partoikš
inessive partas partoiš
elative partaspäi partoišpäi
illative partaha
partha
partoihe
adessive partal partoil
ablative partalpäi partoilpäi
allative partale partoile
abessive partata partoita
comitative partanke partoidenke
prolative partadme partoidme
approximative I partanno partoidenno
approximative II partannoks partoidennoks
egressive partannopäi partoidennopäi
terminative I partahasai
parthasai
partoihesai
terminative II partalesai partoilesai
terminative III partassai
additive I partahapäi
parthapäi
partoihepäi
additive II partalepäi partoilepäi

Yola edit

Etymology edit

From Middle English part, from Old French partir, from Latin partīre.

Verb edit

part (simple past parthed or parthet)

  1. to part
    • 1867, “A YOLA ZONG”, in SONGS, ETC. IN THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY, number 14, page 90:
      Outh o'mee hoane ch'ull no part wi' Wathere.
      Out of my hand I'll not part with Walter.

References edit

  • Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, page 90