HindiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit नख (nakhá), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hnā́kš (compare Persian ناخن(nâxon)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃nogʰ- (compare Armenian եղունգ (ełung), Lithuanian nagas, Russian нога́ (nogá), но́готь (nógotʹ), Greek νύχι (nýchi), Italian unghia, Irish ionga, English nail).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

नख (nakhm (Urdu spelling نکھ‎)

  1. nail (of the finger or toe), claw, talon
    वह व्यक्ति नख से शिख तक गीला है।
    vah vyakti nakh se śikh tak gīlā hai.
    That man is soaked from his (toe) nails to the hair on his head.

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “नख”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons
  • Platts, John T. (1884), “नख”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & co.

PaliEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

नख m or n

  1. Devanagari script form of nakha (“nail”)

DeclensionEdit


SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *Hnā́kṣ, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hnā́kš (compare Persian ناخن(nâxon), Kurdish نینۆک(ninok), نیوخان(nyoxan), Baluchi ناکن(nákun)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃nogʰ- (compare Lithuanian nagas, Old Church Slavonic нога (noga), ногъть (nogŭtĭ), Old Armenian եղունգն (ełungn), Albanian nyell, Ancient Greek ὄνυξ (ónux), Latin unguis, Tocharian B mekwa, Old Irish inga, Old English nǣġl (whence English nail)).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

नख (nakhám or n

  1. (anatomy) nail

DeclensionEdit

Masculine a-stem declension of नख (nakhá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative नखः
nakháḥ
नखौ
nakhaú
नखाः / नखासः¹
nakhā́ḥ / nakhā́saḥ¹
Vocative नख
nákha
नखौ
nákhau
नखाः / नखासः¹
nákhāḥ / nákhāsaḥ¹
Accusative नखम्
nakhám
नखौ
nakhaú
नखान्
nakhā́n
Instrumental नखेन
nakhéna
नखाभ्याम्
nakhā́bhyām
नखैः / नखेभिः¹
nakhaíḥ / nakhébhiḥ¹
Dative नखाय
nakhā́ya
नखाभ्याम्
nakhā́bhyām
नखेभ्यः
nakhébhyaḥ
Ablative नखात्
nakhā́t
नखाभ्याम्
nakhā́bhyām
नखेभ्यः
nakhébhyaḥ
Genitive नखस्य
nakhásya
नखयोः
nakháyoḥ
नखानाम्
nakhā́nām
Locative नखे
nakhé
नखयोः
nakháyoḥ
नखेषु
nakhéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
Neuter a-stem declension of नख (nakhá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative नखम्
nakhám
नखे
nakhé
नखानि / नखा¹
nakhā́ni / nakhā́¹
Vocative नख
nákha
नखे
nákhe
नखानि / नखा¹
nákhāni / nákhā¹
Accusative नखम्
nakhám
नखे
nakhé
नखानि / नखा¹
nakhā́ni / nakhā́¹
Instrumental नखेन
nakhéna
नखाभ्याम्
nakhā́bhyām
नखैः / नखेभिः¹
nakhaíḥ / nakhébhiḥ¹
Dative नखाय
nakhā́ya
नखाभ्याम्
nakhā́bhyām
नखेभ्यः
nakhébhyaḥ
Ablative नखात्
nakhā́t
नखाभ्याम्
nakhā́bhyām
नखेभ्यः
nakhébhyaḥ
Genitive नखस्य
nakhásya
नखयोः
nakháyoḥ
नखानाम्
nakhā́nām
Locative नखे
nakhé
नखयोः
nakháyoḥ
नखेषु
nakhéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

DescendantsEdit

  • Assamese: নখ (nokh)
  • Bengali: নখ (nôkh)
  • Gujarati: નખ (nakh)
  • Hindi: नख (nakh)
  • Marathi: नख (nakh)
  • Telugu: నఖము (nakhamu)