शत्रु

See also: शत्रू

HindiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Sanskrit शत्रु (śátru).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

शत्रु (śatrum (Urdu spelling شترو‎)

  1. enemy, adversary, foe
    शत्रु को पीछे हटना पड़ा।śatru ko pīche haṭnā paṛā.The enemy was forced to retreat.
    Synonym: दुश्मन (duśman)
    Antonyms: मित्र (mitra), दोस्त (dost)

DeclensionEdit

Declension of शत्रु
Singular Plural
Direct शत्रु (śatru) शत्रु (śatru)
Oblique शत्रु (śatru) शत्रुओं (śatruon)
Vocative शत्रु (śatru) शत्रुओ (śatruo)

ReferencesEdit

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “शत्रु”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons
  • McGregor, Ronald Stuart (1993), “शत्रु”, in The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, London: Oxford University Press

SanskritEdit

Alternative scriptsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *śátruṣ, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ćátruš, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱét-ru-s, from *ḱet- (to be angry). Cognate with Ancient Greek κότος (kótos).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

शत्रु (śátrum

  1. literally probably "overthrower"; enemy, foe
  2. rival
  3. a hostile king (especially a neighbouring king as a natural enemy)
  4. the 6th astrological mansion, Var Yogay
  5. Asparagus racemosus
  6. name of an Asura

DeclensionEdit

Masculine u-stem declension of शत्रु (śátru)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शत्रुः
śátruḥ
शत्रू
śátrū
शत्रवः
śátravaḥ
Vocative शत्रो
śátro
शत्रू
śátrū
शत्रवः
śátravaḥ
Accusative शत्रुम्
śátrum
शत्रू
śátrū
शत्रून्
śátrūn
Instrumental शत्रुणा / शत्र्वा¹
śátruṇā / śátrvā¹
शत्रुभ्याम्
śátrubhyām
शत्रुभिः
śátrubhiḥ
Dative शत्रवे / शत्र्वे²
śátrave / śátrve²
शत्रुभ्याम्
śátrubhyām
शत्रुभ्यः
śátrubhyaḥ
Ablative शत्रोः / शत्र्वः²
śátroḥ / śátrvaḥ²
शत्रुभ्याम्
śátrubhyām
शत्रुभ्यः
śátrubhyaḥ
Genitive शत्रोः / शत्र्वः²
śátroḥ / śátrvaḥ²
शत्र्वोः
śátrvoḥ
शत्रूणाम्
śátrūṇām
Locative शत्रौ
śátrau
शत्र्वोः
śátrvoḥ
शत्रुषु
śátruṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
  • ²Less common

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


ReferencesEdit

  • श॑त्रु” in Carl Cappeller, A Sanskrit–English Dictionary: Based upon the St. Petersburg Lexicons, Strasbourg: Karl J. Trübner, 1891, →OCLC, page 536, column 2.
  • Arthur A. Macdonell, A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press, 1893, page 307
  • Monier Williams (1899), “शत्रु”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 1051, column 1.
  • Horace Hayman Wilson, A dictionary in Sanscrit and English, 2nd ed., Calcutta: Education Press, Circular Road, 1832, page 828