शरद्

HindiEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Sanskrit शरद् (śarád), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ćarHáts. Doublet of साल (sāl), a borrowing from Persian.

NounEdit

शरद् (śaradf (Urdu spelling شرد‎)

  1. autumn, fall (specifically, the two months succeeding the summer monsoons)
    आनेवाला शरद् ऋतु बहुत ठंडा होगा।
    ānevālā śarad ŕtu bahut ṭhaṇḍā hogā.
    The coming autumn season will be very cold.

DeclensionEdit

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SanskritEdit

Alternative scriptsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *śarHáts ~ *śarHdás, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ćarHád- (autumn, year), possibly from Proto-Indo-European *ḱelh₁- (to warm up, be hot). Cognate with Avestan 𐬯𐬀𐬭𐬆𐬜𐬀(sarəδa, year), Old Persian 𐎰𐎼𐎭 (θ-r-d /θrda/, year) (whence Persian سال(sāl, year)).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

शरद् (śarádf

  1. autumn, autumnal season comprising the two months आश्विन and कार्तिक
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 10.161.4:
      शतं जीव शरदो वर्धमानः शतं हेमन्ताञ्छतमु वसन्तान्।
      śataṃ jīva śarado vardhamānaḥ śataṃ hemantāñchatamu vasantān.
      Live, waxing in thy strength, a hundred autumns, live through a hundred springs, a hundred winters.
  2. a year
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 6.24.7:
      अयं द्योतयदद्युतो व्यक्तून्दोषा वस्तोः शरद इन्दुरिन्द्र ।
      इमं केतुमदधुर्नू चिदह्नां शुचिजन्मन उषसश्चकार ॥
      ayaṃ dyotayadadyuto vyaktūndoṣā vastoḥ śarada indurindra .
      imaṃ ketumadadhurnū cidahnāṃ śucijanmana uṣasaścakāra .
      This Indu lighted darksome nights, O Indra, throughout the years, at morning and at evening.
      Him have they stablished as the days' bright ensign. He made the Mornings to be born in splendour.

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