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See also: ἅδην


Ancient GreekEdit


Beekes suggests Proto-Indo-European *h₁engʷḗn, because *h₁n̥gʷ-ḗn would produce *endḗn by Rix's Law (PIE *HRC > PG *e/a/oRC), and rejects the connection with Latin inguen (groin) and Old Norse økkvenn (thick, clodded).[1]

De Vaan prefers to derive it from Proto-Indo-European *n̥gʷḗn (the naked one), from *negʷ- (naked), preserving the connection with Latin inguen but excluding the Germanic forms.[2]


  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /a.dɛ̌ːn/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /aˈden/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /aˈðin/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /aˈðin/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /aˈðin/
  • NounEdit

    ἀδήν (adḗnf, m (genitive ἀδένος); third declension

    1. gland

    Usage notesEdit

    • Originally feminine, later masculine.




    1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ἀδήν”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 21
    2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “inguen, -inis”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 303-304

    Further readingEdit