See also: ἅδην


Ancient GreekEdit


Beekes suggests Proto-Indo-European *h₁en̥gʷ-ḗn, because *h₁n̥gʷ-ḗn would produce *endḗn by Rix's Law (PIE *HRC > PG *e/a/oRC), and rejects the connection with Latin inguen (groin) and Old Norse økkvenn (thick, clodded).[1]

De Vaan prefers to derive it from Proto-Indo-European *n̥gʷḗn (the naked one), from *negʷ- (naked), preserving the connection with Latin inguen but excluding the Germanic forms.[2]



Mark the vowel length of the ambiguous vowel by adding a macron after it if it is long, or a breve if it is short. By default, Module:grc-pronunciation assumes it is short if unmarked.


ἀδήν (adḗnf, m (genitive ἀδένος); third declension

  1. gland

Usage notesEdit

  • Originally feminine, later masculine.




  1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ἀδήν”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 21
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “inguen, -inis”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 303-304