EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Late 17th century borrowing from French glande, alteration of Old French glandre, from Latin glandulae (throat glands, tonsils), plural of glandula (a little acorn), from glāns (an acorn) +‎ -ula (diminutive nominal suffix).

NounEdit

gland (plural glands)

  1. (zoology) A specialized cell, group of cells, or organ of endothelial origin in the human or animal body that synthesizes a chemical substance, such as hormones or breast milk, and releases it, often into the bloodstream (endocrine gland) or into cavities inside the body or its outer surface (exocrine gland).
    Meronyms: endocrine gland, exocrine gland
    Hyponyms: see Thesaurus:gland
    1. (anatomy) A structure resembling a gland, especially a lymph node.
      Hyponyms: lymph gland, Virchow's gland
  2. (botany) A secretory structure on the surface of an organ.
Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit
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See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Early 19th century, probably from Scots glam (vice, clamp). Related to clamp.

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

gland (plural glands)

  1. (mechanics) A compressable cylindrical case and its contents around a shaft where it passes through a barrier, intended to prevent the passage of a fluid past the barrier, such as:
    1. A gland used around a ship’s propeller shaft.
    2. A gland used around a tap, valve or faucet.
HyponymsEdit
TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French glant, from Latin glāndem, accusative singular of glāns, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷelh₂- (acorn).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gland m (plural glands)

  1. acorn
  2. (anatomy) glans
    • 1785, Donatien Alphonse François de Sade, Les 120 journées de Sodome, ou l'École du libertinage
      Brise-cul, vingt-huit ans, l'air d'un satyre, son vit est tortu; la tête ou le gland en est énorme: il a huit pouces trois lignes de tour, et le corps du vit huit pouces sur seize de long; ce vit majestueux est absolument cambré.
  3. tassel
  4. (vulgar, slang) (of a person) prick, wanker, bell end

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


FriulianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin glāndem, accusative of glāns.

NounEdit

gland m (plural glands)

  1. acorn

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French gland, from Latin glans, glandis. Doublet of the inherited ghindă.

NounEdit

gland n (plural glanduri)

  1. (anatomy) glans penis

DeclensionEdit