See also: Gland

English edit

 
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Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Late 17th century borrowing from French glande, alteration of Old French glandre, from Latin glandulae (throat glands, tonsils), plural of glandula (a little acorn), from glāns (an acorn) +‎ -ula (diminutive nominal suffix).

Noun edit

gland (plural glands)

  1. (zoology) A specialized cell, group of cells, or organ of endothelial origin in the human or animal body that synthesizes a chemical substance, such as hormones or breast milk, and releases it, often into the bloodstream (endocrine gland) or into cavities inside the body or its outer surface (exocrine gland).
    Meronyms: endocrine gland, exocrine gland
    Hyponyms: see Thesaurus:gland
    1. (anatomy) A structure resembling a gland, especially a lymph node.
      Hyponyms: lymph gland, Virchow's gland
  2. (botany) A secretory structure on the surface of an organ.
Hyponyms edit
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See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Early 19th century, probably from Scots glam (vice, clamp), probably from a variant of clam (clam; clamp, vise). Related to clamp.

Noun edit

gland (plural glands)

  1. (mechanics) A compressable cylindrical case and its contents around a shaft where it passes through a barrier, intended to prevent the passage of a fluid past the barrier, used for example around a ship’s propeller shaft or around a tap, valve or faucet.
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Catalan edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin glāns. Doublet of gla.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

gland m (plural glands)

  1. (anatomy) glans

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Further reading edit

French edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old French glant, from Latin glandem.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

gland m (plural glands)

  1. acorn
  2. (anatomy) glans
    Synonym: (dated) balane, balanus
    1. Ellipsis of gland du pénis (glans penis).
      • 1785, Donatien Alphonse François de Sade, translated by Austryn Wainhouse and Richard Seaver, Les 120 journées de Sodome, ou l'École du libertinage:
        Brise-cul, vingt-huit ans, l’air d’un satyre, son vit est tortu ; la tête ou le gland en est énorme : il a huit pouces trois lignes de tour, et le corps du vit huit pouces sur seize de long ; ce vit majestueux est absolument cambré.
        Bum-Cleaver, twenty-eight years old, has the look of a satyr; his majestic prick is bent saber fashion, its head, or glans, is enormous, it is eight and three-eighths inches in circumference and the shaft eight in length.
      Comeronyms: corps caverneux, corps spongieux, frein, prépuce
      Holonym: pénis
      la couronne perlée du glandpearly penile papules
    2. Ellipsis of gland du clitoris (glans clitoridis).
      Comeronym: capuchon du clitoris
      Holonym: clitoris
    décalotter le glandto uncover the glans penis or glans clitoridis by pulling back the foreskin or clitoral hood
    recalotter le glandto cover again the glans penis or glans clitoridis by pulling forward the foreskin or clitoral hood
  3. tassel
  4. (vulgar, slang, of a person, usually male) prick, wanker, bell end

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Further reading edit

Friulian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Latin glāndem, accusative of glāns.

Noun edit

gland m (plural glands)

  1. acorn

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French gland, from Latin glans, glandis. Doublet of the inherited ghindă.

Noun edit

gland n (plural glanduri)

  1. (anatomy) glans penis

Declension edit