Albanian

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Një ari

Etymology

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Back-formation from plural arinj, inherited plural of Old Albanian ar 'bear', shortening of *arth, where -th was mistaken for a diminutive suffix, from Proto-Albanian *artsa, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ŕ̥tḱos.[1] In clusters of two stops (here: tḱ), the first element (here: t) was regularly lost in Proto-Albanian.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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ari m (plural arinj, definite ariu, definite plural arinjtë)

  1. bear

Declension

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Derived terms

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References

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  1. ^ Vladimir Orel, Albanian Etymological Dictionary, s.v. "ari" (Leiden: Brill, 1998), 8-9.

Balinese

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Romanization

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ari

  1. Romanization of ᬳᬭᬶ
  2. Romanization of ᬅᬭᬶ

Borôro

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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ari

  1. moon

Catalan

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Pronunciation

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Adjective

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ari (feminine ària, masculine plural aris, feminine plural àries)

  1. Aryan

Noun

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ari m (plural aris, feminine ària)

  1. Aryan

Further reading

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Cebuano

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Alternative forms

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  • alivariant

Etymology

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From the same root as diri (here) and kari (this). Compare similar developments in anhi, anha, adto.

Pronunciation

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  • Hyphenation: a‧ri
  • IPA(key): /ʔaˈɾi/, [ʔɐˈɾ̪i]

Verb

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arí (Badlit spelling ᜀᜇᜒ)

  1. (Cebu) to come; to go here (to a place near the speaker)
    Synonym: anhi
    Paaria si Jun-jun diri karon dayon.
    Let Jun-jun come here right now.

Usage notes

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  • Usage is more or less limited to areas in and around Cebu province. See adto.

Derived terms

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Dení

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Pronoun

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ari m (feminine aru)

  1. this

Pronoun

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ari

  1. we

References

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  • “ari” in Gordon Koop, Lois Koop, Dicionário deni-português, Associação Internacional de Lingüística - SIL Brasil, 1985.

Hungarian

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Etymology

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Clipping and -i diminutive of aranyos (cute, sweet).

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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ari (comparative aribb, superlative legaribb)

  1. (colloquial) cute, sweet

Declension

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Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative ari arik
accusative arit arikat
dative arinak ariknak
instrumental arival arikkal
causal-final ariért arikért
translative arivá arikká
terminative ariig arikig
essive-formal ariként arikként
essive-modal
inessive ariban arikban
superessive arin arikon
adessive arinál ariknál
illative ariba arikba
sublative arira arikra
allative arihoz arikhoz
elative ariból arikból
delative ariról arikról
ablative aritól ariktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
arié ariké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
ariéi arikéi

Ibaloi

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Noun

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ari

  1. king

Iban

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Etymology

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Compare Malay dari.

Preposition

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ari

  1. from

Icelandic

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Etymology

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From Old Norse ari, from Proto-Germanic *arô, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃érō. Proto-Germanic preserved a zero-grade -n-suffix. This form is an Old Norse regularization as an an-stem masculine noun. Compare the doublet örn, which was inherited from the same Proto-Germanic word, but regularized as a u-stem similarly to björn.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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ari m (genitive singular ara, nominative plural arar)

  1. (poetic) eagle

Declension

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Synonyms

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Ilocano

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Etymology

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From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian [Term?], compare Maori ariki.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈʔaɾi/, [ˈʔɐ.ɾi]
  • Hyphenation: a‧ri

Noun

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ári (Kur-itan spelling ᜀᜎᜒ)

  1. king

Derived terms

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Indonesian

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

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ari (plural ari-ari, first-person possessive ariku, second-person possessive arimu, third-person possessive arinya)

  1. stable
Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

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ari (plural ari-ari, first-person possessive ariku, second-person possessive arimu, third-person possessive arinya)

  1. thin layer

Etymology 3

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Unknown, probably learned borrowing from Sanskrit हरि (hari, a snake).

Noun

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ari (plural ari-ari, first-person possessive ariku, second-person possessive arimu, third-person possessive arinya)

  1. ellipsis of ular ari (a kind of snake).

Etymology 4

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Borrowed from Betawi [Term?], from Proto-Malayic *ari, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *waʀi, from Proto-Austronesian *waʀi. Doublet of hari (day).

Noun

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ari (plural ari-ari, first-person possessive ariku, second-person possessive arimu, third-person possessive arinya)

  1. alternative spelling of hari (day)
Derived terms
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Further reading

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Iranun

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Etymology

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From Proto-Philippine *huaji, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *huaji, from Proto-Austronesian *Suaji.

Noun

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ari

  1. sibling ((younger) person who shares same parents)

Italian

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Verb

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ari

  1. inflection of arare:
    1. second-person singular present indicative
    2. first/second/third-person singular present subjunctive
    3. third-person singular imperative

Anagrams

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Japanese

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Romanization

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ari

  1. Rōmaji transcription of あり

Javanese

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Romanization

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ari

  1. Romanization of ꦲꦫꦶ

Karao

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Noun

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ari

  1. king

Latvian

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Verb

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ari

  1. second-person singular past indicative of art

Malay

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Javanese ari, from Old Javanese aḍi, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *huaji, from Proto-Austronesian *Suaji.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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ari (Jawi spelling اري, plural ari-ari, informal 1st possessive ariku, 2nd possessive arimu, 3rd possessive arinya)

  1. (Javanese) Alternative form of adik

Mansaka

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Etymology

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From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian [Term?], compare Maori ariki.

Noun

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arì

  1. king

Minangkabau

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Etymology

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From Proto-Malayic *ari, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *waʀi, from Proto-Austronesian *waʀi. Cognate to Malay hari.

Noun

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ari

  1. day

Derived terms

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References

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  • Kamus Minangkabau - Indonesia [Minangkabau - Indonesian Dictionary]‎[1] (in Indonesian), Jakarta: Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa, 1985, page 24

Old Javanese

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Etymology 1

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From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *huaji-q, compare Malay adik.

Noun

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ari

  1. younger sibling (sister or brother)
Alternative forms
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Derived terms
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Descendants
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  • Javanese: ꦲꦫꦶ (ari, younger sibling)
    • Malay: ari
  • Balinese: ᬳᬭᬶ (ari, younger sibling)

Etymology 2

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From Sanskrit अरि (ari, enemy).

Noun

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ari

  1. enemy
Descendants
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Etymology 3

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Particle

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ari

  1. emphatic particle

Etymology 4

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb

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ari

  1. Alternative spelling of harih, arih, hari, ari (to soothe)

Etymology 5

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb

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ari

  1. to cease
Derived terms
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Old Norse

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Proto-Germanic *arô, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃érō (eagle).

Noun

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ari m (genitive ara, plural arar)

  1. eagle

Declension

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Descendants

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  • Icelandic: ari
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: are

References

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ari”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Quechua

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Not to be confused with arí

Adverb

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ari

  1. really, well, then

Conjunction

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ari

  1. then

Noun

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ari

  1. edge, sharpness

Declension

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Romanian

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Pronunciation

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Verb

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ari

  1. second-person singular present indicative/subjunctive of ara

Swahili

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Etymology

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From Arabic [Term?].

Pronunciation

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  • Audio (Kenya):(file)

Noun

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ari (n class, plural ari)

  1. eagerness, enthusiasm

Tagalog

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Etymology 1

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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arì (Baybayin spelling ᜀᜇᜒ)

  1. property; asset; ownership
    Synonym: propyedad
  2. (euphemistic) private parts; genitals
    Synonyms: maselang bahagi, (obsolete) punong-katawan
  3. (rare) consideration; treatment
    Synonym: turing
  4. (possibly obsolete) act of having; possession
  5. (obsolete) act of taking for oneself what is not owned
    Synonyms: kuha, angkin
  6. (obsolete) taking or considering something as good or bad
  7. (obsolete) acceptability; possibility (no longer used on its own except in derived terms)
Derived terms
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Adjective

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arì (Baybayin spelling ᜀᜇᜒ)

  1. (Marinduque) fits; matches
    Synonyms: kasiya, bagay
    Ari baga sa paa mo?
    Does it fit your feet?

Etymology 2

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Pronunciation

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  • (Standard Tagalog) IPA(key): /ʔaˈɾi/ [ʔɐˈɾi], (colloquial) /ʔaˈɾe/ [ʔɐˈɾɛ]
  • Rhymes: -i
  • Syllabification: a‧ri

Pronoun

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arí (Baybayin spelling ᜀᜇᜒ) (chiefly Batangas, Mindoro, Marinduque)

  1. this one; this
    Synonyms: (Manila) ito, (Central Luzon) iri
    Ano ga ari?What is this?
Alternative forms
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See also

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Etymology 3

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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arî (Baybayin spelling ᜀᜇᜒ) (obsolete)

  1. admiration of something in a mocking, frolicking, or taunting way
Derived terms
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Further reading

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  • ari”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018
  • Serrano-Laktaw, Pedro (1914) Diccionario tagálog-hispano[2], Ateneo de Manila.
  • Noceda, Fr. Juan José de, Sanlucar, Fr. Pedro de (1860) Vocabulario de la lengua tagala, compuesto por varios religiosos doctos y graves[3] (in Spanish), Manila: Ramirez y Giraudier
  • Santos, Fr. Domingo de los (1835) Tomas Oliva, editor, Vocabulario de la lengua tagala: primera, y segunda parte.[4] (in Spanish), La imprenta nueva de D. Jose Maria Dayot
  • San Buena Ventura, Fr. Pedro de (1613) Juan de Silva, editor, Vocabulario de lengua tagala: El romance castellano puesto primero[5], La Noble Villa de Pila
    • page 25: “Admirarſe) Ari (pc) de algo por burla, retoço, o ẽſado”
    • page 96: “Ay) Ari (pc) admirandoſe, pero con burla, ſiburlandole aprietan lamano, o dan otro dolor”
    • page 342: “Hacienda) Ari (pp) o ajuar de caſa”
    • page 440: “Natura) Ari (pp) del hombre o dela muger”
    • page 492: “Poſeer) Ari (pp) algo con propiedad”
    • page 572: “Tenerlo) Ari (pp) por bueno or malo”
    • page 571: “Tener) Ari (pp) cualquier coſa”
    • page 578: “Tomar) Ari (pp) por ſuyo lo q̃ no lo es”

Tarifit

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Pronunciation

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  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Etymology 1

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb

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ari (Tifinagh spelling ⴰⵔⵉ)

  1. (transitive) to write
  2. (transitive) to inscribe, to note
  3. (transitive) to compose, to draft
  4. (transitive) to be written (destiny)
  5. (transitive) to enroll, to enlist
Conjugation
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This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms
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  • Verbal noun: tira (writing; script, scripture)

Etymology 2

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From Proto-Berber *aβV̆ri.

Noun

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ari m (Tifinagh spelling ⴰⵔⵉ, usually uncountable)

  1. esparto grass
Declension
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Ternate

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Pronunciation

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Verb

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ari

  1. (intransitive) to cry

Conjugation

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Conjugation of ari
Singular Plural
Inclusive Exclusive
1st toari foari miari
2nd noari niari
3rd Masculine oari iari, yoari
Feminine moari
Neuter iari
- archaic

References

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  • Gary Holton, Marian Klamer (2018) The Papuan languages of East Nusantara and the Bird's Head[6]

Uzbek

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Other scripts
Cyrillic ари (ari)
Latin ari
Perso-Arabic

Etymology

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From Proto-Turkic *ārï (wasp, bee). Compare Turkish arı and Turkmen ary.

Noun

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ari (plural arilar)

  1. bee