See also: Ἄστυ and άστυ

Ancient Greek edit

Etymology edit

From ϝάστυ (wástu), from Proto-Hellenic *wástu; cognate with Sanskrit वस्तु (vástu, house), Latin verna, Tocharian A waṣt, Tocharian B ost.[1]

Pronunciation edit


Noun edit

ἄστῠ (ástun (genitive ἄστεως); third declension

  1. a town, city; the inhabited part of a city in particular, rather than the citadel
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 2.332:
      Ἀλλ’ ἄγε μίμνετε πάντες ἐϋκνήμιδες Ἀχαιοὶ
      αὐτοῦ εἰς ὅ κεν ἄστυ μέγα Πριάμοιο ἕλωμεν.
      All’ áge mímnete pántes eüknḗmides Akhaioì
      autoû eis hó ken ástu méga Priámoio hélōmen.
      Nay, come, abide ye all, ye well-greaved Achaeans, even where ye are, until we take the great city of Priam.

Inflection edit

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Greek: άστυ (ásty)

Further reading edit

  1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ἄστυ”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 158